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Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking
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Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking

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Electric vehicles, part of the next generation of transportation, are beyond concept, and into production. The costs and emissions of electric cars are compared vs traditional motor engines. And then …

Electric vehicles, part of the next generation of transportation, are beyond concept, and into production. The costs and emissions of electric cars are compared vs traditional motor engines. And then the implications for vehicle miles traveled (VMT), commuting, and parking are introduced.

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  • 1. Next Generation Vehicles and Implications for VMT, Congestion & Emissions
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
    June 23, 2010
    Fresh Views & Research You Can Use on the Economic & Social Impacts of Congestion
  • 2. A vehicle revolution
    NASDAQ: TSLA
    2
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 3. All Electric Vehicles
    Leading,Environmentally-friendly, Affordable, Family car
    3
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 4. Quantifying Electric Vehicles: Cost
    KiloWatt hours (kWh) per 100 miles of driving
    4
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 5. Quantifying Vehicle Emissions
    • Different sources of fuel (gasoline, natural gas, ethanol, etc) + hybrid cars
    • 6. Different size cars
    • 7. Different sources of electricity
    How much CO2? Per gallon? Per kWh?
    • Gasoline: EPA/DOE estimates 19.4 to 20.0 lbs of CO2 per gallon
    • 8. For kWh, EPA/DOE estimates about 1.34 pounds of CO2
    (depending on the source of electricity)
    5
  • 9. Electric vs Gasoline Vehicles: Emissions from, and Cost for, Driving 100 miles
    Emissions: Pounds of CO2 per 100 miles of Driving
    Baselines:
    • Based on 100 miles of driving
    • 10. National average electricity price: $0.1086 per kWh
    • 11. National average gasoline price: $2.75 per gallon
    6
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 12. Vehicle Technology Improvement Curve
    LEAF (Vermont)
    Annual metric tons of CO2 emissions per ~12,000 miles
    Average of Existing Fleet (1970-2007); Selected Vehicles (2010-2011)
    7
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 13. Implications for VMT
    8
    Cost of Driving is declining and could decline rapidly
    Environmental effects of driving are declining
    Weaknesses of VMT as an environmental metric
    • Zero Emission Vehicles: no longer a concept
    • 14. Varying range of emissions depending on vehicle type
    • 15. VMT also does not take into account:
    • 16. Population Growth
    • 17. Economic Growth
    • 18. Number of passengers in the car
    • 19. Purpose of the trip
    • 20. Where does the trip occur
  • 2008: Remember this…
    “9 billion fewer miles in October”
    9
  • 21. VMT: 1957-2055
    10
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 22. Commuting: Driving trip purposes
    11
    National Household Travel Survey, 2009 data
  • 23. Commuting Flows
    12
    Total = 128.3 million commuters
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 24. Commuting Emissions
    13
    EPA, 2008 data, published in 2010
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 25. Parking: East Falls Church Metro Station
    Arlington County study says "Eliminating commuter parking is a powerful tool for discouraging use of private vehicles"
    The most popular parking lot in the entire metro system is East Falls Church
    Will serve as access point for Silver Line to Tysons Corner and Dulles International Airport
    http://greatergreaterwashington.org/post.cgi?id=5827
    14
  • 26. Parking: EFC Metro, Arlington, VA
    Existing parking situation
    One Household:
    Options to get to Tysons Corner and Downtown DC...
    After eliminating parking
    10 mile roundtrip drives instead of
    1 mile roundtrip and Metro ridership
    15
    Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation
  • 27. Fresh Views & Research You Can Use on the Economic & Social Impacts of Congestion
    Marcus Bowman 3G Mobility

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