Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking

5,625
-1

Published on

Electric vehicles, part of the next generation of transportation, are beyond concept, and into production. The costs and emissions of electric cars are compared vs traditional motor engines. And then the implications for vehicle miles traveled (VMT), commuting, and parking are introduced.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,625
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Next Generation Vehicles: Electric Cars, Emissions, Commuting, and Parking

  1. 1. Next Generation Vehicles and Implications for VMT, Congestion & Emissions<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />June 23, 2010<br />Fresh Views & Research You Can Use on the Economic & Social Impacts of Congestion <br />
  2. 2. A vehicle revolution<br />NASDAQ: TSLA<br />2<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  3. 3. All Electric Vehicles<br />Leading,Environmentally-friendly, Affordable, Family car<br />3<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  4. 4. Quantifying Electric Vehicles: Cost<br />KiloWatt hours (kWh) per 100 miles of driving<br />4<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  5. 5. Quantifying Vehicle Emissions<br /><ul><li> Different sources of fuel (gasoline, natural gas, ethanol, etc) + hybrid cars
  6. 6. Different size cars
  7. 7. Different sources of electricity</li></ul>How much CO2? Per gallon? Per kWh?<br /><ul><li> Gasoline: EPA/DOE estimates 19.4 to 20.0 lbs of CO2 per gallon
  8. 8. For kWh, EPA/DOE estimates about 1.34 pounds of CO2 </li></ul>(depending on the source of electricity)<br />5<br />
  9. 9. Electric vs Gasoline Vehicles: Emissions from, and Cost for, Driving 100 miles<br />Emissions: Pounds of CO2 per 100 miles of Driving<br />Baselines:<br /><ul><li> Based on 100 miles of driving
  10. 10. National average electricity price: $0.1086 per kWh
  11. 11. National average gasoline price: $2.75 per gallon</li></ul>6<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  12. 12. Vehicle Technology Improvement Curve<br />LEAF (Vermont)<br />Annual metric tons of CO2 emissions per ~12,000 miles<br />Average of Existing Fleet (1970-2007); Selected Vehicles (2010-2011)<br />7<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  13. 13. Implications for VMT<br />8<br />Cost of Driving is declining and could decline rapidly<br />Environmental effects of driving are declining<br />Weaknesses of VMT as an environmental metric<br /><ul><li> Zero Emission Vehicles: no longer a concept
  14. 14. Varying range of emissions depending on vehicle type
  15. 15. VMT also does not take into account:
  16. 16. Population Growth
  17. 17. Economic Growth
  18. 18. Number of passengers in the car
  19. 19. Purpose of the trip
  20. 20. Where does the trip occur</li></li></ul><li>2008: Remember this…<br />“9 billion fewer miles in October”<br />9<br />
  21. 21. VMT: 1957-2055<br />10<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  22. 22. Commuting: Driving trip purposes<br />11<br />National Household Travel Survey, 2009 data<br />
  23. 23. Commuting Flows<br />12<br />Total = 128.3 million commuters<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  24. 24. Commuting Emissions<br />13<br />EPA, 2008 data, published in 2010 <br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  25. 25. Parking: East Falls Church Metro Station<br />Arlington County study says "Eliminating commuter parking is a powerful tool for discouraging use of private vehicles"<br />The most popular parking lot in the entire metro system is East Falls Church<br />Will serve as access point for Silver Line to Tysons Corner and Dulles International Airport<br />http://greatergreaterwashington.org/post.cgi?id=5827<br />14<br />
  26. 26. Parking: EFC Metro, Arlington, VA<br />Existing parking situation<br />One Household:<br />Options to get to Tysons Corner and Downtown DC...<br />After eliminating parking<br />10 mile roundtrip drives instead of <br />1 mile roundtrip and Metro ridership<br />15<br />Marcus Bowman, 3G Mobility, Envisioning the next generation of transportation<br />
  27. 27. <ul><li> Vehicles
  28. 28. VMT and Commuting
  29. 29. Emissions
  30. 30. Parking</li></ul>Fresh Views & Research You Can Use on the Economic & Social Impacts of Congestion <br />Marcus Bowman 3G Mobility<br />

×