Reducing CO2 Emissions through Parking and Transportation Demand Management- Hagelin CNU 17


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  • ~20% reduction in transportation-related emissions
  • Nationally, 4% increase; highest ridership since 1957.
  • So where is the Eco Pass today?
  • ~30% less emissions than average resident ~53% less emissions than average commuter
  • Managed by the Downtown and University Hill Management Division and Parking Services
  • Reducing CO2 Emissions through Parking and Transportation Demand Management- Hagelin CNU 17

    1. 1. Reducing Transportation-Related Emissions Chris Hagelin Senior Transportation Planner GO Boulder/city of Boulder
    2. 2. Boulder’s Transportation Goals <ul><li>Transportation Master Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zero growth in daily vehicle miles of travel (VMT) from 1994 levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.4mVMT/day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce single-occupant vehicle (SOV) travel to 25 percent of all trips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate Action Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce transportation emissions by 116K mtCO 2 from 2006 levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equates to VMT reduction of 680,000 miles/day, or from 2.61mVMT/day (2006 levels) to 1.93m VMT/day </li></ul></ul>BREATHING REQUIRED DRIVING OPTIONAL
    3. 3. Transportation Investments <ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget: ~$20m/year for dedicated sales tax (0.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Branded high frequency transit routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300+ miles of on-road and multi-use path bicycle facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>74 underpasses </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. GO Boulder <ul><li>Program Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle/Pedestrian Planner </li></ul><ul><li>Transit Planner </li></ul><ul><li>TDM Planner </li></ul><ul><li>Land-use/transportation Planner </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing and Outreach Planner </li></ul><ul><li>City Employee Transportation Coordinator </li></ul>
    5. 5. Other GO Boulder efforts <ul><li>Development Review Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TDM Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commute Trip Reduction Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible Rebate Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax rebates for sustainable businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ETC Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 400 employers represented </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Impact on VMT Between 2007 and 2008, VMT decreased by 3% as gas prices surged.
    7. 7. Transit Ridership in Boulder Between 2007 and 2008, local transit ridership in Boulder increased by 8 percent and regional ridership increased by 13 percent.
    8. 8. All Trips- Boulder residents <ul><li>Since 1990, SOV mode share has decreased by 6% </li></ul>
    9. 9. Work Trip Mode Split
    10. 10. RTD’s Eco Pass Program <ul><li>The Eco Pass is an all access transit pass program run by RTD. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business, Residential and District programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on insurance model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GO Boulder’s Eco Pass Support Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidize businesses for first two years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidize 34 neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing and Outreach </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Eco Pass Enrollment 2009 <ul><li>Total passes available to Boulder residents, employees and CU students: approximately 68,265 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Public Funding Sources for Eco Pass Programs <ul><li>GO Boulder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2009 Subsidies: $240,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing: $20,000-$25,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CMAQ—federal grants that fund pilots and special projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2009 Eco Pass Improvement Campaign (EPIC): $115,000 </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Private Investment 2009 RTD Contracts=$6,207,092
    14. 14. Eco Pass Impact on Travel Behavior <ul><li>Boulder residents with an Eco Pass drive about 2,600 miles less per year than residents without and Eco Pass. </li></ul><ul><li>Boulder employees with an Eco Pass drive about 2,300 miles less per year than employees without an Eco Pass. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Eco Passes and Work Trips <ul><li>Drive alone mode share with Eco Pass= 40.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Drive alone mode share without Eco Pass= 74.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Eco Pass holding employees are over 10 times more likely to use transit to get work in Boulder. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Impact on Emissions <ul><li>Residents with Eco Pass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~40% less emissions than residents without an Eco Pass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employees working in Boulder with Eco Pass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~55% less emissions than employees without Eco Pass </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Downtown Boulder Eco Pass Program <ul><li>Central Area General Improvement District (CAGID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 1970 in Downtown Boulder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Properties are taxed to provide shared structured parking and parking management services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage paid on-street parking </li></ul></ul>Paid Parking in CAGID $755K in revenues from paid parking are used to buy Eco Passes for downtown employees in 2009
    18. 18. TDM and Parking Management in Downtown Boulder <ul><li>Managing almost 4000 parking spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Eco Passes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately $111 per employee in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support Eco Pass Xtra Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchant discounts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paid on-street parking </li></ul><ul><li>Shared structured parking </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1,300 bicycle parking spaces provided </li></ul>
    19. 19. 2008 Downtown Employee Mode Split
    20. 20. Downtown Employee Travel Behavior <ul><li>Downtown employees with Eco Passes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over three times more likely to ride transit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice as likely to bicycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three times more likely to walk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Downtown employees with Eco Passes emit about 1mtCO2 less per year than commuters without an Eco Pass </li></ul>
    21. 21. Applying Lessons Learned <ul><li>Transit Village Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TDM and Parking Management Access District </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trip Generation Allowance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resident and Employee Eco Passes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parking maximums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shared parking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unbundled parking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased density </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Thanks for listening For more information, contact Chris Hagelin at [email_address] or 303-441-1832