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ELECTRIC CARS
VS
GAS CARS
GetElectricVehicle.com
ELECTRIC CARS VS GASOLINE CARS
• Lets Compare Electric Cars and Gasoline cars
• Find out the advantages and disadvantages
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#1 YEAR OF INVENTION
Electric Car
• Electric vehicle was manufactured in
1832 by Robert Anderson
• Even though electric cars were
invented earlier, gasoline cars
captured the automotive market
Gasoline Car
• 1886 is considered as the birth year of
modern gasoline car when Karl Benz
patented Benz-patent Motorwagon
• The abundant availability of fossil
fuels, the technological advancements
in combustion technologies, etc.
helped the gasoline vehicles to attract
more customers
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#2 FUEL
Electric Car
• Electric energy stored in a battery
• The energy will be converted to
mechanical energy by use of
an electric machine
Gasoline Car
• Gasoline cars use fossil fuel as the
source of energy
• The internal combustion engine
converts the chemical energy to the
mechanical energy to propel the
vehicle
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#3 POWER TRAIN
• A power train is a group of components in a vehicle, that generate power and
deliver to the surface where the vehicle travels
• Read more: https://getelectricvehicle.com/electric-power-train-hybrid-power-
train/
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#3 POWER TRAIN
Electric Car
• The components in an electric vehicle
power train are
• Inverter
• Motor
• Gears
• Differential gears
• Wheels and shaft
Gasoline Car
• The power train of an internal
combustion engine car includes
• Engine
• Transmission
• Driveshaft
• Differentials
• Final drive
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#4 WEIGHT
Electric Car
• Electric vehicles are around 20-30%
heavier than the corresponding petrol
cars that provide the same power
output
• The battery of the electric vehicle
adds more weight to the vehicle
Gasoline Car
• Even though gasoline vehicle has more
components than an electric vehicle,
it weighs less
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#5 SELECTION OF VEHICLES
Electric Car
• There are only a few electric car
models available in the automotive
market
• The manufacturers had already
declared their plans to manufacture
electric vehicles
Gasoline Car
• There are many options for the
selection of a gasoline car
• Each automobile manufacturer has
multiple models of vehicles
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#6 PRICE AND INCENTIVES
Electric Car
• Electric cars are about than gasoline
cars20-40% (even after incentive)
costlier
• To promote electric vehicles,
incentives and tax rebate is available
based on the locality
Gasoline Car
• The gasoline cars with matured
technology are cheaper than that of
electric cars
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#7 VEHICLE RANGE
Electric Car
• The distance traveled by a fully
charged electric car battery would be
in the range of a few 100 miles
• There are only a few electric cars
whose range is comparable with that
of gasoline vehicles
• For example, Tesla Model S has a
range of more than 250 miles before
another charge of the battery
Gasoline Car
• Gasoline Vehicles have a range of
around 250 to 300 miles before a refill
• And the gas stations are widely
available in any location
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#7 VEHICLE RANGE
• The fact is that the average distance traveled by a driver in a day is around 30
miles
• Since gas stations availability all over the cities, people don’t care about range
anxiety
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#8 FUEL ECONOMY
Electric Car
• Let’s assume that
• the cost of electricity is 0.11$ per unit
• an electric car consumes 15kWh to
travel 100 km
• the efficiency of the charging circuit is
88%
• Then the expense to travel 100 km in
an EV would be $1.875
Gasoline Car
• Let’s assume
• an IC engine vehicle consumes about 6
liter/100km
• fuel price is 0.742$ per liter
• To travel 100 km, it costs $4.452
GetElectricVehicle.Com
(This is an approximated value and it will depend on the driving pattern, terrain, and other factors)
#9 MAINTENANCE
Electric Car
• The overall maintenance cost of an
electric car is far less than that of
gasoline car
• Electric Vehicle does not have an
exhaust system, complex gear, engine
cooling, IC engine, etc.
• The use of regenerative braking
reduces the wear and tear of the
mechanical braking system in an
electric vehicle
Gasoline Car
• The total number of mechanical parts
in a gasoline vehicle is more than that
of an electric vehicle
• Frequent maintenance is mandatory
for an internal combustion engine
vehicle
• Engine oil change, exhaust system
maintenance, etc. are some of the
important areas to consider while
doing maintenance
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#10 POLLUTION
Electric Car
• The chemical energy stored in the
battery of an electric vehicle is
converted to the mechanical energy to
propel the vehicle
• The process does not involve any
environmental polluting steps
• An electric vehicle does not have a
tailpipe. So, from the vehicle, there is
no air pollution
Gasoline Car
• An internal combustion engine burns
the fuel and results from smoke that
pollutes the environment
• The energy conversion from chemical
to mechanical by combustion causes
noise and air pollution
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#11 NOISE
Electric Car
• Since there is no combustion in an electric
vehicle, the noise from EV is much lesser
than that from gasoline cars
• Institute of Transport Economics
Norwegian Centre for Transport
Research had conducted a study and
found that the electric vehicles are 4 to 5
decibels less noisy than IC engine vehicle
at low speed
• It considerably reduces the noise pollution
in city traffic
Gasoline Car
• Internal combustion engine vehicles
produces noise when the combustion
happens for energy conversion
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#11 NOISE
• It’s interesting that the EVs are now equipped with warning sounds at low speed
to alert the pedestrians
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#12 BATTERY REPLACEMENT
Electric Car
• The life of an electric car battery is
around 8 years
• The high voltage has to be replaced
once the capacity reduces after a few
years of operation
• The cost to replace battery ranges
between 1000$-6000$
• It’s a major expense when we are
using an electric car
Gasoline Car
• There is no high voltage battery in a
gasoline vehicle
• Hence battery replacement is also not
required!
GetElectricVehicle.Com
#13 REFILL/RECHARGE
Electric Car
• The battery has to be recharged when
it runs out of charge
• Public charging stations, Private
Charging Stations, and Home charging
facilities are available to recharge the
battery
Gasoline Car
• A gasoline car fills the fuel from a gas
station
GetElectricVehicle.Com
THANK YOU 
GetElectricVehicle.com

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Electric cars vs gas cars

  • 2. ELECTRIC CARS VS GASOLINE CARS • Lets Compare Electric Cars and Gasoline cars • Find out the advantages and disadvantages GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 3. #1 YEAR OF INVENTION Electric Car • Electric vehicle was manufactured in 1832 by Robert Anderson • Even though electric cars were invented earlier, gasoline cars captured the automotive market Gasoline Car • 1886 is considered as the birth year of modern gasoline car when Karl Benz patented Benz-patent Motorwagon • The abundant availability of fossil fuels, the technological advancements in combustion technologies, etc. helped the gasoline vehicles to attract more customers GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 4. #2 FUEL Electric Car • Electric energy stored in a battery • The energy will be converted to mechanical energy by use of an electric machine Gasoline Car • Gasoline cars use fossil fuel as the source of energy • The internal combustion engine converts the chemical energy to the mechanical energy to propel the vehicle GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 5. #3 POWER TRAIN • A power train is a group of components in a vehicle, that generate power and deliver to the surface where the vehicle travels • Read more: https://getelectricvehicle.com/electric-power-train-hybrid-power- train/ GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 6. #3 POWER TRAIN Electric Car • The components in an electric vehicle power train are • Inverter • Motor • Gears • Differential gears • Wheels and shaft Gasoline Car • The power train of an internal combustion engine car includes • Engine • Transmission • Driveshaft • Differentials • Final drive GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 7. #4 WEIGHT Electric Car • Electric vehicles are around 20-30% heavier than the corresponding petrol cars that provide the same power output • The battery of the electric vehicle adds more weight to the vehicle Gasoline Car • Even though gasoline vehicle has more components than an electric vehicle, it weighs less GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 8. #5 SELECTION OF VEHICLES Electric Car • There are only a few electric car models available in the automotive market • The manufacturers had already declared their plans to manufacture electric vehicles Gasoline Car • There are many options for the selection of a gasoline car • Each automobile manufacturer has multiple models of vehicles GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 9. #6 PRICE AND INCENTIVES Electric Car • Electric cars are about than gasoline cars20-40% (even after incentive) costlier • To promote electric vehicles, incentives and tax rebate is available based on the locality Gasoline Car • The gasoline cars with matured technology are cheaper than that of electric cars GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 10. #7 VEHICLE RANGE Electric Car • The distance traveled by a fully charged electric car battery would be in the range of a few 100 miles • There are only a few electric cars whose range is comparable with that of gasoline vehicles • For example, Tesla Model S has a range of more than 250 miles before another charge of the battery Gasoline Car • Gasoline Vehicles have a range of around 250 to 300 miles before a refill • And the gas stations are widely available in any location GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 11. #7 VEHICLE RANGE • The fact is that the average distance traveled by a driver in a day is around 30 miles • Since gas stations availability all over the cities, people don’t care about range anxiety GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 12. #8 FUEL ECONOMY Electric Car • Let’s assume that • the cost of electricity is 0.11$ per unit • an electric car consumes 15kWh to travel 100 km • the efficiency of the charging circuit is 88% • Then the expense to travel 100 km in an EV would be $1.875 Gasoline Car • Let’s assume • an IC engine vehicle consumes about 6 liter/100km • fuel price is 0.742$ per liter • To travel 100 km, it costs $4.452 GetElectricVehicle.Com (This is an approximated value and it will depend on the driving pattern, terrain, and other factors)
  • 13. #9 MAINTENANCE Electric Car • The overall maintenance cost of an electric car is far less than that of gasoline car • Electric Vehicle does not have an exhaust system, complex gear, engine cooling, IC engine, etc. • The use of regenerative braking reduces the wear and tear of the mechanical braking system in an electric vehicle Gasoline Car • The total number of mechanical parts in a gasoline vehicle is more than that of an electric vehicle • Frequent maintenance is mandatory for an internal combustion engine vehicle • Engine oil change, exhaust system maintenance, etc. are some of the important areas to consider while doing maintenance GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 14. #10 POLLUTION Electric Car • The chemical energy stored in the battery of an electric vehicle is converted to the mechanical energy to propel the vehicle • The process does not involve any environmental polluting steps • An electric vehicle does not have a tailpipe. So, from the vehicle, there is no air pollution Gasoline Car • An internal combustion engine burns the fuel and results from smoke that pollutes the environment • The energy conversion from chemical to mechanical by combustion causes noise and air pollution GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 15. #11 NOISE Electric Car • Since there is no combustion in an electric vehicle, the noise from EV is much lesser than that from gasoline cars • Institute of Transport Economics Norwegian Centre for Transport Research had conducted a study and found that the electric vehicles are 4 to 5 decibels less noisy than IC engine vehicle at low speed • It considerably reduces the noise pollution in city traffic Gasoline Car • Internal combustion engine vehicles produces noise when the combustion happens for energy conversion GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 16. #11 NOISE • It’s interesting that the EVs are now equipped with warning sounds at low speed to alert the pedestrians GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 17. #12 BATTERY REPLACEMENT Electric Car • The life of an electric car battery is around 8 years • The high voltage has to be replaced once the capacity reduces after a few years of operation • The cost to replace battery ranges between 1000$-6000$ • It’s a major expense when we are using an electric car Gasoline Car • There is no high voltage battery in a gasoline vehicle • Hence battery replacement is also not required! GetElectricVehicle.Com
  • 18. #13 REFILL/RECHARGE Electric Car • The battery has to be recharged when it runs out of charge • Public charging stations, Private Charging Stations, and Home charging facilities are available to recharge the battery Gasoline Car • A gasoline car fills the fuel from a gas station GetElectricVehicle.Com