In this period of time the realism were practised in many domains, as art, literature, philosophy, theatre, etc. For example: Gustave Courbet and Claude Monet, were painters. Ivan Turgenev and Leo Tolstoy, were playwrights. In modern philosophy realism is a broad term, encompassing several movements whose unity lies in a common rejection of philosophical Idealism. In its most general form realism asserts that objects in the external world exist independently of what is thought about them. The most straightforward of such theories is usually known as naive realism. It contends that in perception humans are made directly aware of objects and their attributes and thus have immediate access to the external world.
Impressionist painters both in France and America were interested in capturing a sense of immediacy. They emphasized new compositional devices such as plunging perspective, cropped forms, and compositions balanced asymmetrically. Earlier painters going back to the Renaissance favored more closed and clearly balanced compositions. Often pyramidal in form, the central image was flanked on either side with similarly weighted forms. These artists tended to create landscapes that were framed on each side by trees or other structures, and where recession into space was created by carefully measured intervals. Impressionist painters favored asymmetrical compositions such as that employed in this work by Edward Rook where the bushy laurel below is visually balanced by the tree above.
His aportation to the neuroscience would be recognized, finally, in 1906, with the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, an award he shared with the Italian physician Camillo Golgi, which Cajal staining method was applied for years. After the award, even Cajal published many literary and biographical documents and his Studies on the degeneration of the nervous system.
Santiago was a very naughty boy with a great determination he had a rebellious character, that maked a bad relationship with the friars. In his studies’ life his inteligence and constancy wasn’t showed.
Since he was little Santiago showed his ability for the fine arts, specially for drawing.