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  2. 2. Literature of 19 th century in Germany <ul><li>The early decades of the 19th century were dominated by romanticism, which inherited the qualities of Sturm and Drang, and to them added a love of beauty and art, a new concern for religion, mysticism, the supernatural, and a striving toward an ill-defined, unattainable ideal. The Romantic Movement in Germany was somewhat more violent than its counterparts in England and France. </li></ul><ul><li>The principal romantic poets were Friedrich Holderlin, the brothers August Wilhelm and Friedrich von Schlegel. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literature of 20 th century in Germany <ul><li>The 25 years preceding the outbreak of World War I (1914) saw a remarkable revival of lyric poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>The outstanding poets were: Stefan George, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Ranier Maria Rilke and Frank Wedekind. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Music of 19 th century in Germany <ul><li>The most important musicians in the second half of 19th century were: Richard Wagner and Johann Strauss the Younger. </li></ul><ul><li>Other German composers from the period were: Albert Lortzing, Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn, Anton Bruckner, Max Bruch and Gustav Mahler. These composers tended to mix classic and romantic elements. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Music of 20 th century in Germany <ul><li>The most important musicians of the first half of the 20 century were: Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern, composers in Berlin took a more po-pulist route, from the cabaret-like socialist operas of Kurt Weill and Paul Hindemith </li></ul>
  6. 6. First world war in Germany <ul><li>It took place between 1914 and 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>3 million germans died in the first world war. </li></ul><ul><li>The victorios nations singed the treated of Versalles. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Second world war in Germany <ul><li>It took place between 1939 and 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany firs invaded Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>On the 11th of september 1941 germany an italy declared the war to the united states. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler get suicide on 29 of april 1945 and on the 7th of may 1945 germany gave up. </li></ul>
  8. 8. German Art <ul><li>The most important movement of art was the impressionism. </li></ul><ul><li>German architecture, massive and dull, glorified the Nazi style. </li></ul><ul><li>In the period since World War II the dominant architectural designers have included Hans Scharoun, Helmut Striffler, Werner Duttmann, and Gottfried Bohm. </li></ul><ul><li>The abstract movement has been led by Willi Baumeister, Theodore Werner, Fritz Winter, E. W. Nay, Winfred Gaul, and G. K. Pfaher. ( www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0858381.html) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Biography <ul><li>Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14 , 1879. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein's more important works include Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1938). </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy from many European and American universities. </li></ul><ul><li>He married Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons; their marriage was dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, who died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey </li></ul>
  10. 10. More Biography <ul><li>He gained numerous awards in recognition of his work, including the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1925, and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1935. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, . In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1901, the year he gained his diploma and inn 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/77042/albert_einstein_one_of_the_most_influential.html?cat=9 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=es&ModuleId=10005760 </li></ul><ul><li>http://html.rincondelvago.com/musica-del-siglo-xix-y-xx.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/einstein-bio.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Made by: David García Gutiérrez and Adrián Rodríguez Medina 4ºA