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Whilem Conrad Rontgen

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Whilem Conrad Rontgen

  1. 1. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen <ul><li>SERGIO DEL RIO REDONDO </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>CARLOS RODRIGUEZ CHAMORRO </li></ul>
  2. 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>The 19th century was a period in history marked by the collapse of the Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese,ottoman, Holy Roman and Mughal empires. This allowed to some empires to grow and expand like British Empire, the German Empire and the United States </li></ul>
  3. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>The 19th century was an era of invention and discovery, with significant developments in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity, and metallurgy </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in medicine and understanding of human anatomy doubles population in Europe. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ARTiSTIC BACKGROUND <ul><li>The Realism and Romanticism of the early 19th century gave way to impressionism and Post-Impressionism in the later half of the century, with Paris being the dominant art capital of the world. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ARTISTIC BACKGROUND <ul><li>Important painters: </li></ul><ul><li>William Blake </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Cassatt </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Cezanne </li></ul><ul><li>Eugène Delacroix </li></ul><ul><li>Caspar David Friedrich </li></ul><ul><li>Vincent van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Monet </li></ul><ul><li>Edvard Munch </li></ul><ul><li>Pierre- Auguste Renoir </li></ul>
  6. 6. MUSICAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>Sonata form, matured during the Classical era to become the primary form of instrumental compositions throughout the 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of music of the 19th century were refered to the romantic style. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MUSICAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>Important composers: </li></ul><ul><li>Ludwig van Beethoven </li></ul><ul><li>Frédéric Chopin </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Debussy </li></ul><ul><li>Antonín Dvořák </li></ul><ul><li>Edvard Grieg </li></ul><ul><li>Gustav Mahler </li></ul><ul><li>Franz Liszt </li></ul><ul><li>Felix Mendelssohn </li></ul><ul><li>Modest Mussorgsky </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Offenbach </li></ul><ul><li>Niccolò Paganini </li></ul><ul><li>Franz Schubert </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Schumann </li></ul><ul><li>Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Wagner </li></ul>
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen : born in Lennep (Germany) the 27th of march of 1845 </li></ul><ul><li>When he was 3 years old he moved to Appeldoorn (Holland) </li></ul>
  9. 9. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>At 16 years old he revenue in the technical school of Utrech (holland) </li></ul><ul><li>There he lived in the house of the phisic Jan willem Gunning </li></ul>
  10. 10. STUDIES OF ROTGEN <ul><li>After been in Utrech he went to Zurich where he began to study mechanical engineering, at this time he was 20 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1869- he obtained his graduated </li></ul><ul><li>After this he went to wuzburg with his teacher Kundt, then he finally in 1872 went to Estrasburgo with Kundt to be in 1974 teacher of chemistry. </li></ul>
  11. 11. FIRST RESEARCHES <ul><li>In 1879 in began to work in Hessian-Ludwigs, Giessen. Here he investigate about relation between light and electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1888 the university of Utrech who years before had reject him. He didn´t accepted. </li></ul><ul><li>But due to changes in physics universities Röntgen enters in the univesity of Wuzburg, one of the more important, with huge laboratories, and the best materials for investigate. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The beginning of the discovery <ul><li>In 1894 he became director of the university of wuzburg </li></ul><ul><li>This allowed him to investigate in other fields aparts from physics. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The great discovery <ul><li>The 8 of november of 1895, he was experimenting with cathode rays. </li></ul><ul><li>He observed that a piece of cardboard with cristals gives out a fluorescence. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The great discovery <ul><li>He continued experimenting, he tryed with differents materials, wood, aluminium,paper… </li></ul><ul><li>He also saw that with a piece of lead in his hands he could see the bones of his hand. </li></ul><ul><li>And he printed in a photographic plate, the 1st x-ray photography. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The expansion of the new <ul><li>Röntgen sent a document with all the information about the discovery to the secretary of medicine of the university of wuzburg and to his friends. </li></ul><ul><li>In few days the new was in all newspapers and creates a great impact in society. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Nobel of the physic <ul><li>In 1901 was the first year it was given the nobel prize. </li></ul><ul><li>Röntgen won the nobel prize, but also others prizes in all the world due to his great discovery. </li></ul><ul><li>The money of the nobel prize he donated to the university in where he works, wuzburg. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Problems of x-rays <ul><li>As x-rays were easy to produce people could found in all places and there were a wrong use of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally they retired from the streets because they saw that they were dangerous. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Röntgen ending <ul><li>In 1914 the first world war began and Röntgen moved to a house he had in the mountains </li></ul><ul><li>1919 his wife died and in 1923 due to a intestinal cancer he died. </li></ul>
  19. 19. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_R%C3%B6ntgen </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historiadelamedicina.org/Roentgen.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1901/rontgen-bio.html </li></ul>

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