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Tdt111 chapter 4

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  • 1. TDT111 FACULTY OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT PREPARED BY : NINA ELISA SUALIM CHAPTER 4 TOURISM GEOGRAPHY CLIMATE & TOURISM
  • 2. Slide 2 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism TOPIC OUTLINES 1. The World Climate Scene 2. Climate Elements & Tourism 3. World Climate a) Classifying Climates b) The Humid Tropics (Zone 1) c) The Hot Dry Climates (Zone 2) d) The Warm Climates (Zone 3) e) The Cool Temperate & Continental Cold Winter Climates (Zones 4 & 5) f) The Cold Damp Climates (Zone 6) g) The Cold Dry Climates (Zone 7) h) The Highland Climates
  • 3. Slide 3 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism THE WORLD CLIMATE CHANGE Climate is determined by three (3) main factors Latitude or distance from the Equator The distribution of land and sea Relief
  • 4. Slide 4 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism  As a traveler, we need accurate information on the climate of a destination  This is due to the many recreation types that are weather dependent. Like surfing, skiing, sunbathing etc.  It creates seasons/seasonality  On a world scale, the importance of climate is shown in a broad pattern of movement from colder, cloudier tourist generating countries to warmer, sunnier destinations. COLD to WARM WARM to COLD  Determines the length of holiday season.  Determine factors such as resorts development and operating costs-sales of beverages and leisure equipment are affected by weather changes.  Seasonality also affect the profitability and employment in tourism industry. THE WORLD CLIMATE CHANGE THE IMPORTANCE OF CLIMATE
  • 5. Slide 5 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism CLIMATE ELEMENTS & TOURISM  Temperature  Sunshine  Winds  Precipitation  Air Quality
  • 6. Slide 6 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism CLASSIFYING CLIMATES  The best way is to look at distances on global scale and look at climate zones.  A way of recognizing tourism potential based on climate by dividing climate into 8 zones. (8 major climate zones)  By doing this, the weather can be investigated on the suitability of weather/temperature for tourism and plot it accordingly on tourism development chart. WORLD CLIMATES
  • 7. Slide 7 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism ZONE TYPE CHARACTERISTICS 1 The humid tropics Most Africa; Carribean Island; S.E.A 2 The hot dry climates Upper Egypt and Arizona 3 The warm climates Mediterranean 4 & 5 The cool temperate and continental cold winter climates Dublin; Chicago; Stockholm 6 The cold damp climates Sub Antartic - South Georgia 7 The cold dry climates (Very cold winters : -20) Fairbanks 8 The highland climates Tropical Highlands- LA Paz Mid-latitude highlands-Denver WORLD CLIMATES
  • 8. Slide 8 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism WORLD CLIMATES
  • 9. Slide 9 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism TOURISM IS RESPONDING TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN TWO (2) WAYS :-  MITIGATION of the effects of climate change by altering behaviour, through reducing the carbon footprint of travellers.  ADAPTATION where destinations develop strategies to cope with the realities of climate change as shown in BOX 4.1, Page 87. WORLD CLIMATES
  • 10. Slide 10 of 17 CHAPTER 4 : Climate & Tourism CLASS ACTIVITY CLASS EXERCISE Kindly discuss the classification of world climate based on the following information :- 1. Type of Climate Zone 2. Characteristics 3. Significance to Tourism 4. Location (based on the location from your individual assignment)