Temperature and precipitation define climate
Broad climate definitions help to identify variations
in weather at a location over the course of a year.
Place: This highland climate
zone in Patagonia, South
America, has several different
climate regions including
tundra and subarctic.
Examine the image and
describe what kind of weather
you expect at the different
I. Defining a Climate Region
A. Typical Weather
Temperature and precipitation define climate.
2. Location, topography, elevation may impact
3. Five general climate regions:
II. Types of Climates
A. Tropical Wet
Always hot; daily rainfall adds up to more than 80”
B. Tropical Wet and Dry
Warm, wet summer season; cooler, dry winter season.
Hot summers; mild to cold winters; little precipitation.
Two kinds of desert—hot, cool/cold; less than 10” rain
Summers dry and hot; winters cool and rainy.
F. Marine West Coast
Moderate temperatures; frequently cloudy, foggy, damp.
G. Humid Subtropical
Long periods of summer heat and humidity; winters mild
H. Humid Continental
Great variety of temperature, precipitation; four distinct
Marine West Coast
has a cool, rainy
season and hot, dry
summer, marine west
coast has evenly
throughout the year.
Summers are short and cool; winters are long and very cold.
Tundra—flat, treeless ring of lands around the Arctic Ocean.
Very little precipitation; summer temperatures around 40 F.
Permafrost is the constantly frozen subsoil found in this
K. Ice Cap
Snow, ice, permanently freezing temperatures.
Climate varies with latitude, elevation, topography, location.
the cold climate
do you notice in