Oedipus the king ppt

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Pre-teaching ppt for Oedipus Rex

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Oedipus the king ppt

  1. 1. Oedipus the King Ms. Lucas – English II
  2. 2. Sophocles • 496-406 B.C. • Athens, Greece (Golden Age of Athens – center for democracy) • He won 24 times out of 30 tries at a story-telling competition honoring Greek god Dionysus • Focused on the fates of individual characters and their struggle for self-knowledge • Wrote 123 plays • Worshipped as a hero after his death • First Tragedy writer to use scene painting
  3. 3. Greek Theater • Theatron: literally, the “watching place” • Orchestra: the “dancing place” • Skene: scene or backdrop -Plays were performed in an amphitheatre, with a chorus describing most of the action, and with masks. -Greek theater was part of a religious festival. -Every citizen attended.
  4. 4. What is drama? • Drama – a literary composition written to be performed by actors *drama is from the Greek word for doing, rather than telling • Central character – tragic hero who suffers from serious misfortune • This misfortune is connected to the character’s actions
  5. 5. How important was Drama? • In Ancient Greece, theater flourished between 550-220 B.C. • Athens, Greece was the center • It was part of a festival called the Dionysia, which honored the god Dionysus (god of wine and revelry – lively festivals) • Dionysia was contest for dramatists (3 dramatists presented their plays in 3 days) • Tragedy literally means “goat song” relating to the Dionysian sacrificial ritual
  6. 6. Different types of Greek Drama • Comedy • Satyr (short plays played between acts of tragedies making fun of characters in tragedy) • Tragedy *Comedy and tragedy were the most popular types of plays in ancient Greece
  7. 7. The “Chorus” • About 15 people *ONLY MEN* (in Oedipus they are citizens and a Theban elder – town leader) • Trained and costumed at the expense of a wealthy citizen who chose this job as his way of paying taxes and gaining respect of his community • Chosen out of the general population as unpaid volunteers • Intensify the emotion and establish a lyric mood through rhythmic chanting and dance • Their job: to bridge the gap between the audience and the actors (provide background and commentary)
  8. 8. Masks • Why masks? -enable actors to play several different roles -help the audience to distinguish the sex, age, social status, and change in character’s emotions or appearance -use megaphones to amplify their voices -exaggerated facial features made it easier for viewers to identify characters Made of cloth, leather, and wood with animal hair Famous actors had bejeweled masks
  9. 9. Oedipus the King • Main themes: Fate vs. Free Will Sight vs. Blindness • • Play Tragedy – examines the consequences of an individual’s actions, the relationship of the people to the gods, and the role fate plays in life • Main characters: Oedipus (king of Thebes) Creon (brother of Jocasta) Chorus Tiresias (blind prophet) Jocasta (queen, wife of Oedipus)
  10. 10. Dramatic Irony • Oedipus the King revolves around two different unsuccessful attempts to change the course of fate • Dramatic Irony: occurs when the reader or audience knows something important that a character does not know • Why? -adds to enjoyment to literary work, much as one might enjoy knowing a secret in real life

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