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Renaissance Drama


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Renaissance Drama

  1. 1. Renaissance Dramaand Shakespeare<br />
  2. 2. A Medieval European village<br />
  3. 3. The Middle Ages<br />Started in churches <br />Was very religious in nature<br />Gradually became less religious<br />Used comedy<br />Deus ex machina<br />The Origins of European Drama<br />
  4. 4. Miracles and Mysteries – taught stories from the Bible and saints’ legends<br />Moralities – taught people how to live and die<br />The Pardoner’s Tale<br />Interludes – one act plays<br />Allowed playwrights to become known<br />Created a foundation for Renaissance playwrights<br />Four Types of Plays <br />
  5. 5. Europe<br />Europe<br />
  6. 6. Born in Stratford on Avon.<br />Never attended university.<br />Only formal education was in grammar school<br />Studied Latin and Classical literature<br />Married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 years old.<br />Together had 3 children – Susanna, and twins Hamnet (boy) and Judith.<br />William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616)<br />
  7. 7. Moved to London to pursue career in the theater.<br />Started out tending to horses of theater patrons<br />Eventually worked his way up to writing plays<br />Sometimes acted in plays<br />Patron -- The Earl of Southampton<br />Joined and became a major shareholder/principal playwright for Lord Chamberlain’s Men<br />King James I The King’s Men<br />Shakespeare…<br />
  8. 8. The Theater is Closed…<br />In 1593, all of the theatres of London closed due to the plague.<br />
  9. 9. Wrote 37 plays<br />Was most concerned with seeing the play performed on stage<br />Died comfortably in Stratford as a semi-retired gentleman  Unusual for a playwright<br />36 plays published after his death<br />The First Folio<br />Shakespeare’s Success<br />
  10. 10. “The Theater” – first theater ever built<br />Built by the Earl of Leicester’s Men<br />“The Globe”<br />Shakespeare’s theater<br />London’s Renaissance Theater<br />
  11. 11. The Globe<br />
  12. 12. Large circular structure, three stories high<br />Thatched roof<br />Featured a raised stage<br />Fit around 3,000 people<br />Did not have a curtain<br />Featured shows only during daytime<br />Theater patrons were permitted to sit on the stage<br />General admission cost 1 penny<br />Above the main entrance &quot;Totusmundusagithistrionem&quot; (The whole world is a playhouse). <br />The Globe – Quick Facts<br />
  13. 13. Groundlings – stood at center of theater<br />Stood entire 3 hour performance, rain or shine<br />Galleries and Upper-levels<br />More expensive (2 pennies)<br />Allowed patrons to sit<br />Two types of theater-goers<br />
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  16. 16. “The Heavens”<br />
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  18. 18. The Holinshed’s Chronicle – a historical text of the history of England, Scotland and Ireland<br />Was the inspiration for many of Shakespeare’s plays<br />Macbeth written in honor of King James I. <br />Inspiration for Macbeth<br />