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Fellmann11e ch1 Fellmann11e ch1 Presentation Transcript

  • Human Geography Jerome D. Fellmann Mark Bjelland Arthur Getis Judith Getis
  • Human Geography Chapter 1 Introduction Image Copyright 2003 by Jon Malinowski, All rights reserved. Insert figure CO1 © Thinkstock/Masterfile
  • What Is Geography?
    • “Description of the Earth”
    • Spatial Science
    • Study of Spatial Variation
    Human Geography 11e
  • Evolution of the Discipline
    • Ancient Period
      • Eratosthenes
      • Strabo
      • Herodotus
      • Ptolemy
      • Idrisi
    • Non-Western Contributions
    • Modern Period
    Human Geography 11e
  • Focus of Geography
    • Areal Variation on the Earth’s Surface
    • Spatial Systems
    • Regional Geography
    Human Geography 11e
  • Focus of Geography
      • Areal Variation on the Earth’s Surface
        • Examines relationships between human societies and the natural environments that they occupy and modify
      • Spatial Systems
        • Link physical phenomena and human activities in one area of the earth with other areas
      • Regional Analysis
        • Studies human-environmental-”ecological”- relationships and spatial systems in specific locational settings
    Human Geography 11e
  • Human Geography
    • Subfields:
      • Behavioral
      • Political
      • Economic
      • Cultural
      • Social
      • Urban
      • Medical
      • Population
    Human Geography 11e
  • Core Geographic Concepts
    • The Geographer’s Questions
    • Space and Place
      • Absolute and relative space
      • Sense of place and “placelessness”
    • Spatial Behavior, Relationships, and Processes
    • Fundamental Characteristics of Places
    Human Geography 11e
  • Core Geographic Concepts
    • Space and Place
      • Absolute
        • Physically real with measureable extent
      • Relative space
        • Perceptual and variable over time
      • Sense of place
        • The attachment we have to specific locations
      • Placelessness
        • Uniformity; elimination of uniqueness
    Human Geography 11e
  • Fundamental Characteristics of Places
      • Location, Direction, and Distance
      • Size and Scale
      • Physical & Cultural Attributes
      • The Changing Attributes of Place
      • Interrelations between Places
      • The Rational Structure of Place
        • Density
        • Dispersion
        • Pattern
      • Place Similarity & Regions
        • The Characteristics of Regions
        • Types of Regions
    Human Geography 11e
  • Location
    • Absolute Location
    • Relative Location
    • Site vs. Situation
    Human Geography 11e
    • Absolute Location
      • Identification of place by some precise and accepted system of coordinates
    • Relative Location
      • The position of a place in relation to that of other places or activities
    • Site
      • Physical and cultural attributes of a place
    • Situation
      • Expression of relative location with particular reference to items of significance to the place in question
    Human Geography 11e
  • Location
    • Site vs. Situation
    Human Geography 11e
  • Direction
    • Absolute Direction
    • Relative Direction
    Human Geography 11e
  • Distance
    • Absolute Distance
    • Relative Distance
    Human Geography 11e
  • Physical & Cultural Attributes
    • Natural Landscape
      • Climate, soil, water resources, minerals and terrain features
      • Provides the setting within which human actions occurs
    • Cultural Landscape
      • Visible expression of human activity
    Human Geography 11e Insert figure 1.10 © Doug Sherman/Geofile
  • Places
    • Changing Attributes of Place
    • Interrelations between Places
      • Accessibility and Connectivity
      • Spatial Diffusion and Globalization
    • The Rational Structure of Place
      • Density
      • Dispersion
      • Pattern
    Human Geography 11e
  • Places
    • The Rational Structure of Place
      • Density
        • a measure of the number of anything within a defined unit area
        • Number of items in relation to the space in which they are found
      • Dispersion
        • The amount of spread of a phenomenon over an area
      • Pattern
        • The geometric arrangement of objects
    Human Geography 11e
  • Place Similarity & Regions
    • The Characteristics of Regions
    • Types of Regions:
      • Formal
        • Uniform regions; uniformity in one or a limited combination of physical or cultural features
      • Functional
        • Give an organizational basis
      • Perceptual
        • Reflect feelings and images
    Human Geography 11e
  • Perceptual Regions
    • Insert figure 1.17
    Human Geography 11e
  • Maps
    • Map Scale
    • The Globe Grid
    • How Maps Show Data
    • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
    • Mental Maps
    Human Geography 11e
  • Mental Maps
    • Our understanding of distributions
    • Our view of spatial reality
    • images about an area or an environment developed by an individual on the basis of information or impressions received, interpreted, and stored
    Human Geography 11e Insert figure 1.25
  • Systems, Maps, and Models
    • Spatial System
      • The content of area is interrelated
      • Component parts ar104e interdependent
    • Model
      • Simplified abstraction of reality
      • Clarifies causal relationships
    Human Geography 11e