The potential of 3D printing
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The potential of 3D printing



A desk-research presentation showing the capacity, trends and foresights of 3D printing, especially related to the manufacturing industry and the emergence of the ´prosumer´ within the DYI ...

A desk-research presentation showing the capacity, trends and foresights of 3D printing, especially related to the manufacturing industry and the emergence of the ´prosumer´ within the DYI community.

Accompanying article can be found here:

Additive manufacturing, 3D Printing, laminated object manufacturing, layered manufacturing, rapid prototyping (industrial), stereolithography, CAD/CAM, Fused deposition modelling, Laser sintering.



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The potential of 3D printing The potential of 3D printing Presentation Transcript

  • The Potential of 3D printing an overview of the current state of rapid prototyping the manufacturing revolution July 2014 Lija Groenwoud van Vliet
  • Up to $550M per year by 2025 Source: McKinsey Global Institute report
  • Definition 3D printing • a process of making a physical object from a three-dimensional (3D) digital model; • building products through successive thin layering of a material without the intervention of cutting, drilling,…; • type of industrial robot using a 3-D computer-aided design (CAD) program to create a digital model. Tags: 3D printing, rapid prototyping, additive manufacturing (AM) , cloud, manufacturing revolution, advanced materials, replication efforts, laser
  • Work in progress Youtube 3D printing time-lapse
  • The benefits Source: Anubis3D
  • 2D printing versus 3D printing Source: 3D printing
  • 3D developments through time Source: Which-50 Source: Whiteclouds
  • How does it works? Source: UXTrendspotting
  • Production characteristics (1): differentiators Materials: Plastic Glass Metal (titanium) Food (chocolate Tissue (stem cell) Earthenware (ceramics) Paper / wood Biocompatible materials Sand Differentiators:  Form: solid versus flexible  Price  Detail level  Strength  Smoothness  Color Elasto Plastic
  • Production characteristics (2) : Methods SLS, DMLS, FDM, SLA, LOM, Ink-Jet-Style Source: 24x7mag Mostly used in consumer market
  • Production characteristics (3): new techniques
  • Characteristics Implications  Produce molds, enable rapid modeling and prototyping (tooling)  Digitally manufacture (parts of) final products, meaning digital product storage (digital warehouse)  High level of customization leading to 35%- 60% cost savings (McKinsey Global Institute report)  Enhancing local production leading to less transport and packaging  Less material waste due to fabrication process and fewer unsold products due to manufacture upon request.  Possible to recycle or increase life span of products by replacing malfunctioning parts  Reducing time in product development Characteristics  Making three-dimensional solid objects from a digital model  Possibility to manufacture (small) fully functional tools (such as batteries, transistors, and LEDs  Precision and resolution  Manufacturing tool  3 axles (x,y,z)  Making use of software (.stl) Making it especially interesting for industries with:  high labor-cost industry (such as time-consuming assembly and secondary machining processes)  complex tooling requirements  relatively low volumes (or niche market)  high obsolescence or scrap rates When selecting a printer, look at: 1. Flexibility & simplicity (open source / ready- to-print) 2. Type of material (PLA / ABS) (effect on temperature) 3. Software of the printer 4. Precision, detail, resolution and calibration 5. Speed and ´noice´ level
  • Things to improve & hurdles on the way  Surface finish & resolution  Speed of printing  Costs of raw material  Ink inefficiencies  Machine range  Potential risk from hackers and software bugs  Misuse of technology (danger of self producing unwanted objects like guns)  Legal restrictions & ethics  The cost of producing large volumes of some products can be high using 3D printers Image credit
  • Sectors where applied: what can be printed? Just anything 3D Toys Fashion Automotive Art Military Manufactu ringRetail Food Architect Medical 3D print Blood Vessels
  • Replacing current objects Source: Leapfrog
  • Medical applications beyond imagination Source: Gizmodo Source: CSC
  • 3D printing of a house (with waste materials for >$5.000) Source:Dialymail
  • Using waste material Source: Dezeen
  • The Wide Range of Commercial Possibilitities Applications
  • Modeling Source: Deltares
  • Trends
  • Manufacturing Source: 3D printing Source: DHL Implications of 3D material supply
  • Disruptive potential From Gadgets & Design to Disrupting sectors Source: 2020magzine  having impact on manufacturing processes and jobs  democratization of manufacturing customizable products
  • Expanding accesibility through hubs, crowdsourcing and crowdfunding
  • Changing Street view Image credit Image credit Image credit
  • The DIY community & cloud enabled services & personalization The first steps towards home based 3D printing
  • Market potential Source: UXTrendspotting Expected that most of the revenue generated by the 3D printing sector will come from commercial users (Deloite) Source: Grandview Research
  • Source: 3D printing Source:UXTrendspotting
  • Source: Forst&Sullivan
  • Source: CSC
  • Big Companies investing in 3D printing Source: seekingalpha For case examples, click here
  • What are the Big Companies doing? NASA: printing in space
  • The big players in the 3D market
  • Next step: 4D : responsive, transformable objects & self- assembling programable objects Claudia Source: Smithsonian Smart materials
  • 4D printing is the Future of design Youtube movie
  • Barcelona Example: Natural Machines Input: -Chocolate -Sugar -Vanilla - Dough - Fruits Promise to meet dietary needs
  • Barcelona example: HP world centre for 3D printing HP estimates that worldwide sales of 3D printers and software and related services will grow almost to the $ 11 billion for 2021. Source: 3dprintingevent
  • Background material (1) Sources and interesting articles to read: Canada/Local%20Assets/Documents/Insights/Innovative_Thinking/2013/ca_en_insights_disruptive_manuf acturing_102813.pdf TrendRadar_2014.pdf analysis?gclid=CJ6moo2npL8CFa7HtAodRSQAhg
  • Background material (2) YouTube movies: 4D printing: 3D printing time-lapse: 3D printing in space: