Louis xiv

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Louis xiv

  1. 1. Europe in the Age of the Absolute Monarchs Lic. Laura Flores next
  2. 2. Louis XIV <ul><li>King at the age of five. </li></ul><ul><li>Third of the Bourbon dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute monarch. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in “divine right” </li></ul><ul><li>Known as the “Sun King” </li></ul><ul><li>French catholic king. </li></ul><ul><li>Creator of Versailles </li></ul>next
  3. 3. The Fronde <ul><li>Revolt led by the nobles when they stroded into Louis XIV’s chambers. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles believed Mazarin abused power. </li></ul><ul><li>VERSAILLES. </li></ul>next
  4. 4. Versailles <ul><li>Louis XIV’ s royal country house. </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1668, surrounded by gardens. Full of art. </li></ul><ul><li>226 rooms : private library, chapel, reception hall. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 500 servants. </li></ul><ul><li>Political purpose: to glorify France and Louis absolute power </li></ul>next
  5. 5. Power behind the throne of Louis XIV, during his childhood
  6. 6. Jean Baptise Colbert <ul><li>Louis XIV´s minister of Finance. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the theory of mercantilism. </li></ul><ul><li>Strenghtened France economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Offered subsides. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported “balance of trade”. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in exports and imports. (tariffs) </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of power. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Edict of Nantes” (revoked by Louis XIV) </li></ul>
  7. 7. How did Louis XIV promote culture in France? <ul><li>By sponsoring drama, </li></ul><ul><li>opera and fine arts. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV favorite comedian was Moliere. </li></ul><ul><li>His favorite dramatists were Corneille and </li></ul><ul><li>Racine </li></ul>
  8. 8. What political purpose did Versailles serve? To glorify France and Louis XIV absolute power

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