Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Louis XIV quintessential absolute monarch - absolutism

Louis XIV is the quintessential absolute monarch. The presentation provides students with an example of how to write a proper 5 paragraph essay, complete with a thesis statement, topic sentences, and strong supporting evidence.

  • Be the first to comment

Louis XIV quintessential absolute monarch - absolutism

  1. 1. Louis XIV (1643-1715) The Sun King L’etat, c’est moi!! 1
  2. 2. Key Terms • Edict of Nantes • Declaration of Clergy of France • Jean Baptiste Colbert • Code Louis • Wars of Expansion • Robert de La Salle • Louisiana • Louis XIV • Sun King • Bourbon Family • Fronde • Alsace-Lorraine • Intendants • Palace of Versailles • Levee 2
  3. 3. Background • Louis XIV was born into the French Royal Family “The Bourbons” • Mother could not have a child for 12 years o Birth seen as a miracle o "Louis-Dieudonné" (Louis the God-given) • Father died in 1643 o Louis became king at age 4 3
  4. 4. Reign of Louis XIV • Ruled France for 72 years o Longest in European history • Achievements: o Centralized Power to an extent never seen in Modern Europe o Expanded French Territory o Made France the greatest economic, political, and cultural power in Europe o Built the Palace of Versailles • Louis XIV can be seen as the quintessential absolute monarch due to his centralization of power, expansion of territory, and pursuit of personal glory. 4
  5. 5. Outline • I. Centralization of Power • II. Expansion • III. Glory & Spending 5
  6. 6. I. Centralization of Power A. Reigning in the Nobility B. Religion C. Military D. Economy E. Law 6
  7. 7. A. Reigning in of Nobility • For centuries, nobles had unchecked power o Ran the military o Refused to obey laws o Constant insurrection • Fronde (1648)- Insurrection by Nobles to keep feudal power, and not pay taxes • Louis built the Palace of Versailles o 20 km outside of Paris o Forced Nobles to live there o Nobles had to participate in courtly rituals • Louis could keep an eye on Nobles • Levee – (rising) nobles competed to hold a wash basin for Louis in the morning. 7
  8. 8. A. Reigning in of Nobility • Replaced Nobles with Intendants o Nobles were loyal to the Nobility o Intendants – officials loyal to Louis XIV 8
  9. 9. B. Religion • Eliminating freedom of religion o Louis cancelled the Edict of Nantes • Edict of Nantes (grandfather, 1598)– allowed freedom of religion for Hugenots (French Calvinists) • Limits on the power of the Catholic Church o Declaration of Clergy of France • Limited the Pope’s power in France, Louis had authority 9
  10. 10. C. Military • Historically, French Nobles served as generals o Often challenged the king • Louis built a strong centralized military loyal only to him. o Nobles OUT o Administrators IN 10
  11. 11. D. Economy • Louis arrested the old finance minister o Accusation of Embezzlement • Gave the post to a trusted ally o Jean Baptiste Colbert • Practiced Mercantilism • Made France rich!!! 11
  12. 12. E. Law • Historically, France was ruled by several different codes of law o Feudal past • Louis instituted the Code Louis o Centralized, uniform code of law for all of France 12
  13. 13. II. Expansion A. Wars in Europe B. Expansion in the Americas C. Foreign Diplomacy 13
  14. 14. A. Wars in Europe • Louis expanded French territory through several wars o Franco-Dutch War • Gained lands in the Netherlands o (from Spain) • France remained as the Great Power o War of the Grand Alliance • Everyone vs. France • Louis XIV gains Alsace Region o Half of the Alsace-Lorraine Region o War of Spanish Succession • Ultimately unsuccessful attempt to take over Spanish territories 14
  15. 15. • Alsace-Lorriane – Region which France and Germanic Empires constantly fought over 15
  16. 16. B. Expansion in the Americas • Robert de La Salle explored: o Gulf of Mexico, o Mississippi River, o Great Lakes • Entire Mississippi River Basin claimed by France o Named? o Louisiana – After Louis XIV 16
  17. 17. C. Foreign Diplomacy • Opened diplomacy with the Ottomans o Trade • Found Pondicherry in India • Missionaries in China 17
  18. 18. III. Glory & Spending A. Lavish Lifestyle and Spending o Diamond encrusted shoes o Expensive parties daily B. Palace of Versailles o 20 year construction o Regarded as the most magnificent palace in Europe o Symbol of the Wealth and absolute power of the “Sun King” • Also a symbol of the monarchy’s alienation from the people 18
  19. 19. Queen’s Chamber 19
  20. 20. King’s Chamber 20
  21. 21. Hall of Mirrors 21
  22. 22. Hall of Mirrors (2) 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Outline • I. Centralization of Power • II. Expansion • III. Glory & Spending 24
  25. 25. Conclusion Pros Cons 25
  26. 26. Videos • Rap o oI • Etiquette o 26