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World war i_-_the_total_war_experience[1]


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  • 1. World War I – The Total War Experience
  • 2. The Western Front At the beginning of the war the Germans came up with the Schlieffen Plan in which they would rush to France on the western front for a quick victory, then move on to the eastern front. This didn’t happen. The first battle of the Marne was a loss for Germany, which foiled the Schlieffen Plan. By this time the Russian forces in the east were already invading Germany. Germany had no choice but to split their army and fight a war on two fronts.
  • 3. Trench Warfare By early 1915 the Allies and Central Powers had dug miles of parallel trenches along the western front. This was known as trench warfare, soldiers remained in the trenches for long periods of time and fought from in them.
  • 4. Life in the Trenches Life in the trenches was completely miserable. The trenches were often infested with rats and other vermin. Even in the trenches they weren’t necessarily safe from enemy fire.
  • 5. Trench Foot
  • 6. The Eastern Front  At the beginning of the war Russia had launched an attack on both Austria and Germany.  For a while Germany was occupied with France so Russia was able to push Austria back quite a bit. Eventually Germany returned and pushed the Russians out of Austria.
  • 7. Russia Struggles Unlike most of Europe Russia had not yet industrialized. They were not able to produce supplies quickly enough. Russia’s one advantage was their large numbers. They lost 2 million soldiers by 1915 and were able to keep going.
  • 8. The Total War Hits Home World War I was a total war which meant it touched every aspect of life. The whole government was devoted to winning the war. In a total war the government controls the economy to benefit the war effort. People were even recruited from other countries to come help in the war effort. Germans forced people from France and Belgium to work in their factories. The French and British recruited people from their colonies to help.
  • 9. Everybody Pitched In!
  • 10. Rationing Since many goods were in short supply governments turned to rationing which is when people could only buy small amounts of certain goods that were needed for the war effort. People were encouraged to have their own gardens so they’d take less food away from the soldiers.
  • 11. Rationing
  • 12. Censoring and Propaganda  Governments attempted to suppress anti – war activity to keep morale high.  Leaders also censored news about the war so people only heard the positive news.  Governments also used propaganda – one sided information designed to persuade someone.  War posters portraying the enemy in a negative light became very popular.
  • 13. Silent Conversation Directions1. Get in groups of 2 -4.2. You will be shown an image up on the projector.3. In your groups take turns writing/circling/drawing on the matching image you have in your packet following the prompts/questions given. DON’T TALK OUT LOUD.4. When time is up you may be asked to share your group’s conversation.
  • 14. Image # 1 Label the picture using the following words:  Good/Hero  Bad/Villain What is happening in this image?
  • 15. Image # 2 Label the picture with the following:  British  German  Victim  Perpetrator What is being implied about German women (people in general)?
  • 16. Image # 3 Label the image with the following:  Strong/Powerful  Weak What is being implied about Germany’s“We teach you to run!” enemies?
  • 17. Image # 4  Who does “the Hun” represent?  What makes “the Hun” intimidating to the audience?  What is the desired result from this image?
  • 18. “Humorous Map of Europe” – Who is portrayed as good? Who is portrayed asevil? How can you tell?