• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Wound dressing
 

Wound dressing

on

  • 16,870 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
16,870
Views on SlideShare
16,869
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
430
Comments
2

1 Embed 1

http://study.myllps.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

12 of 2 previous next

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Wound dressing Wound dressing Presentation Transcript

    • WOUND DRESSING
    • Wound
      It is a break in the continuity of the skin, mucous membranes, bone, or any body organ
    • TYPES OF WOUNDS
    • INCISION
      It is cause by sharp
      instrument. Ex knife or
      scalpel.
    • CONTUSION
      Cause by blow
      From a blunt
      Object.
      Closed wound
      Skin appears
      ecchymotic
    • ABRASION
      Surface scrape, either
      Unintentional or
      Intentional.
      It is an open wound
      Involving the skin,
      Painful.
    • PUNCTURE
      Penetration of the
      Skin and often, the
      Underlying tissues
      From a sharp
      Instrument.
    • LACERATION
      Tissues torn apart,
      Often from
      accidents.
    • PENETRATING WOUND
      Penetration of the
      Skin and the
      Underlying tissues.
    • KINDS OF WOUNDS DRAINAGE
      Exudate - is material, such as fluid and cells, that has escaped from blood vessel during the inflammatory process and is deposited in tissue or on tissue surfaces.
    • Serous exudate
      - consist chiefly of serum or the clear portion of the blood derived from the blood and serious membranes.
      2. Purulent Exudate
      - It is thicker than serous exudate due to presence of pus.
    • 3. Sanguineous exudate
      - Consist of large amounts of red blood cells, indicating damage to capillaries that is severe enough to allow the escape or red blood cells.
    • THE RYB COLOR CODE
      This concept is based on the color of an open wound - Red, Yellow, Black.
    • Red wound - are usually in the late regeneration phase of tissue repair and are clean and uniformly pink in appearance
      this type of wound needs to be protected.
    • Protect the Red wound
      a. gentle cleansing
      b. avoiding the use of dry gauze or wet to dry saline dressings.
      c. applying a topical antimicrobial agent.
      d. changing the dressing as infrequent as possible.
    • YELLOW WOUNDS
      - Characterized by primarily by liquid to semiliquid “slough” that is often accompanied by purulent discharges.
    • CLEANSETHE YELLOWWOUNDS
      Yellow wounds should be Cleanse to absorb drainage and remove nonviable tissue.
      Apply wet to wet dressing.
      Hydrogel dressings
      Exudate absorbent dressings
    • BLACK WOUNDS
      This type of wound is covered with necrotic tissue.
      BLACK WOUNDS requires debridement
      ( removal of infected and necrotic material)
    • GUIDELINES IN WOUND CLEANING
      • Use Isotonic saline or lactated ringers solution to clean or irrigate the wound.
      • Warm the solution to body temperature before use.
      • If wound is grossly contaminated by foreign material, bacteria, or necrotic tissue, clean the wound at every dressing change.
      • If wound is clean, has little exudate, and reveals healthy tissue avoid repeated cleaning.
      • Use gauze squares. Avoid using cotton balls and other products that shed fibers onto the wound surface. The fibers become embedded in the granulation tissue and act as a foci for infection
      • Consider cleaning superficial noninfected wounds by irrigating them rather than by mechanical means.
    • Purpose of wound Dressings
      • To protect the wound from mechanical injury
      • To protect the wound from microbial contamination
      • To provide or maintain high humidity of the wound
      • To provide thermal insulation
      • To absorb drainage or debride the wound
      • To prevent haemorrhage
      • To splint or immobilize the wound site and prevent further injury