Week 2 gender and youth in africa


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  • In order to understand why Gender and Youth are important in the context of development in Africa, we need to look at how “development” is defined and how it is compared with “growth”. We also need to understand why “human development” is important within the context of development and what has led to the focus on women and youth.
  • GDP or Gross National Product is the total amount paid for goods and services which a coutry produces over a specific time period. GNP or Gross National Product is the market value of all products and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the residents of a country. Source:wikipedia.com(Please research definitions and how these indicators are used).
  • UNIFEM, The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and mainstreaming
  • There are several definitions for youth; in many countries youth is also referred to persons between the ages of 15 to 30
  • Week 2 gender and youth in africa

    1. 1. The Canadian and African Business Women’s Alliance, CAABWAExperiencing Development in Africa IDSA02H3/AFSA03H3
    2. 2. Plan10-11am - Admin, Review & Reflection11-12noon - Guest Speaker Lecture & Q & A12- 12.10 - Break12.10 - 1.00pm - Case Studies & Class Discussion @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2011
    3. 3. Day 2 – Gender and Youth inAfricaLet’s reflect on Day 1’s discussion What is development? How do we determine which countries are rich and which countries are poor? Why women and youth? How is it that countries with similar incomes vary substantially in “quality of life” @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    4. 4. What is development? Development is a complex issue, with many different and sometimes contentious definitions. A basic perspective equates development with economic growth. The United Nations Development Programme uses a more detailed definition- according to them development is to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate in the life of the community.‘Source:http://www.volunteeringoptions.org/VolunteeringDevel opment/WhatisDevelopment/tabid/78/Default.aspx @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    5. 5. Economic Growth vs HumanDevelopment Economic Growth Human Development Index (HDI) Measured by a percentage of This is a composite change in the GDP statistic that is used to or GNP of a country rank countries by level or state of human development. @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    6. 6. What informs the focus on womenand youth in Africa Statistics Advocacy Groups Governments Grassroots organisations Regional Organisations The African Union ◦ NEPAD The United Nations Other development actors @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    7. 7. StatiscticsWhat have they indicated? ◦ Women and education ◦ Women – maternal deaths, HIV & AIDS, Malaria ◦ Labour force and wages ◦ Youth unemployment ◦ Demographics ◦ Youth & entrepreneurship @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    8. 8. The focus for developmentUN thematic areashttp://www.un.org/en/development/ Advancement of women Countries in specific situations Social developmentEtc. @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2011
    9. 9. Millenium Development Goals1. End Poverty and Hunger2. Universal Education3. Gender Equality4. Child Health5. Maternal Health6. Combat HIV/AIDS7. Environmental Sustainability8. Global Partnership@ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2011
    10. 10. GenderUNIFEM’s definition Gender: refers to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female and the relationships between women and men and girls and boys, as well as the relations between women and those between men. These attributes, opportunities and relationships are socially constructed and are learned through socialization processes. They are context/ time-specific and changeable. Gender determines what is expected, allowed and valued in a women or a man in a given context. In most societies there are differences and inequalities between women and men in responsibilities assigned, activities undertaken, access to and control over resources, as well as decision-making opportunities. Gender is part of the broader socio-cultural context. Other important criteria for socio-cultural analysis include class, race, poverty level, ethnic group and age.Source: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/conceptsandefinitions.htm @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2011
    11. 11. Gender Equality – UNIFEM’s definitionEquality between women and men (gender equality): refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. Equality does not mean that women and men will become the same but that women’s and men’s rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female. Gender equality implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men. Gender equality is not a women’s issue but should concern and fully engage men as well as women. Equality between women and men is seen both as a human rights issue and as a precondition for, and indicator of, sustainable people-centered development.Source: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/conceptsandefinitions. htm @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    12. 12. Youth The United Nations define youth as persons between the ages of 15 and 24. UNESCO understands that young people are a heterogeneous group in constant evolution and that the experience of ‘being young’ varies enormously across regions and within countries.Source:http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social- and-human-sciences/themes/social- transformations/youth/ @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    13. 13. Today Given this background, let us now listen to our Guest Speaker and discuss:Gender and Youth in Africa ◦ Why is gender important? Socio-legal status of women in Africa; ◦ The importance of gender and social relations ◦ Youth in Africa @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    14. 14. Case # 1Consider the following extract:“A woman who discloses her HIV positive status in Southern Africa is likely to face greater discrimination than her male partner. While her partner is likely to stay in the home, she may be thrown out of her home with no income or accommodation, she may have to leave her children behind and may loose any inheritance rights.” VSO, WORKING ON GENDER EQUALITY: TOOLS AND TIPS FROM PROGRAMME OFFICES, 2004–6 What is your response to the extract? What explanations are given in Canada to explain gender inequality? What traditional ideas might inform these explanations?Adapted from VSO volzone: http://volzone.vsoint.org/mod/lesson/view.php @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    15. 15. Case # 2 African youth have the potential to be a great impetus for Africa’s development, provided that appropriate investments in health and human capital are made. However, if youth issues are not addressed, and if high rates of youth unemployment and under-employment persist, Africa’s development could be negatively affected. What is your response to this extract? Do you see any similarities relating to youth employment in Canada? @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012
    16. 16. THANK YOU @ Bevor Consulting and Training Services 2012