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Western Expansion & Imperialism

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Slides on Western Expansion in the 19th century.

Slides on Western Expansion in the 19th century.

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  • 1. Western Expansion & Imperialism: The Evil Empire? AP World History Richard Smart Oakland Mills High School
  • 2. Meta-narratives… How do we explain the 19 th Century? Revolution, Liberalism, Conservatism & nationalism Industrialization Urbanization Transportation Communication Imperialism Colonialism Darwinism Progress
  • 3. The Extent of Empire
  • 4. Motivations for Imperialism
    • Economic
    • Raw Materials
    • Market for goods
    • Space for migrants
    • Political
    • Militarily strategic sites
    • Harbors & Supply stations.
    • Vehicle for patriotism
    • Cultural
    • Missionaries.
    • Ideas of cultural superiority
  • 5. Ideologies of Imperialism
    • Missionary Enterprise
    • Darwinism
    • Scientific Racism
    • “ White Man’s Burden”
    • Nationalism
    • Neo-colonialism
  • 6. Legacy of Imperialism
    • Infrastructure development
    • Restructuring of the economy
    • Bureaucracy
    • Global markets
    • Political adjustment
    • Colonial Conflict
    • European Migration
    • Labor Migration
    So… What judgment do we pass on this?
  • 7. Historiography of Imperialism:
    • Victorian:
      • Civilization and liberty
    • Marxist/ Nationalist:
      • Exploitation and underdevelopment
      • Slavery
    • Contemporary:
      • Modernism
        • Industrialization
        • Market economics
        • Legal & Political systems.
        • Painless in white dominions.
        • Other societies impervious.
      • Informal Empire
        • Hotly debated.
  • 8. Readings…
    • http://www.newcriterion.com/archive/18/may00/keith.htm
    • Niall Ferguson – Empire - 2003