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Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
Direct instruction
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Direct instruction

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A PowerPoint Describing the Direct Instruction Teaching Strategy

A PowerPoint Describing the Direct Instruction Teaching Strategy

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  • *These students need direct instruction because many lack basic foundational skills and the ability to infer.
  • Transcript

    • 1. What is
    • 2. What is DIRECT INSTRUCTION?
      • Explicit teaching of a skill-set using lectures of demonstrations of the material, rather than exploratory models such as inquiry-based learning.
      • Systematic
      • Scaffolded/ No place for guess work or errors
    • 3. Philosophy of Direct Instruction
      • Instructional Principle: When teachers explain exactly what students are expected to learn, and demonstrate the steps needed to accomplish a particular academic task, students learn more.
      • “ If the child hasn’t learned, the teacher hasn’t taught.”
        • Thus the responsibility of student learning rests squarely with teacher design and delivery of instruction.
    • 4. Philosophy of Direct Instruction
      • Direct instruction rejects the assumption that students will spontaneously develop insights on their own.
      • Rather, direct instruction takes learners through the steps of learning systematically, helping them see both the purpose and the result of each step.
    • 5. Direct Instruction Learning Visual Concept Diagram http://www.worksheetlibrary.com/teachingtips/directinstruction.html
    • 6. Model of Direct Instruction
      • INTRODUCTION
      • DEVELOPMENT/MODEL/ TEACHER DOES
      • GUIDED PRACTICE/ WE DO
      • INDEPENDENT PRACTICE/ YOU DO
      • CLOSURE
      • EVALUATION/ APPLICATION
      • “ Tell them what you’re going to tell them; tell them; tell them what you told them.”
    • 7. Model of Direct Instruction
      • Setting clear goals for students and making sure they understand these goals.
      • Presenting a sequence of well-organized assignments.
      • Giving students clear, concise explanations and illustrations of the subject matter.
      • Asking frequent questions to see if the students understand the work.
      • Giving students frequent opportunities to practice what they have learned.
    • 8. DI Advantages
      • Delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner
      • Correlated with improved learning among primary children from working and middle class backgrounds
      • Positive effects with at-risk students, and with students with learning disabilities
    • 9. WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION?
    • 10. Other Advantages
      • Proven effective in teaching basic skills (such as how to use a microscope ).
      • Proven effective in teaching skills that are fundamental to more complex activities (such as prerequisite skills for long division).
      • Provides a good foundation for new teachers learning the language of instruction.
    • 11. DI Disadvantages
      • Since DI is very structured, it could inhibit student and teacher creativity
      • Could present a philosophical challenge to teachers who see their role as facilitators of learning *
      • Not useful for teaching less-structured topics (such as English composition or the analyses of social issues).
    • 12. What are the disadvantages of Direct Instruction?
    • 13. DI WORKS BEST WHEN:
      • It is used with K-6 students
        • It is used with socially and economically impoverished students*
        • It is used with students with learning disabilities
        • As long as teachers employ other effective teaching strategies , DI is shown to work in a wide range of situations.
    • 14.
      • DIRECT INSTRUCTION MUST:
      • Present intense and rapid-paced interaction
      • Correct mistakes immediately
      • Frequently assess understanding
      • Teach to mastery
      TO BE EFFECTIVE
    • 15. Reading Multisyllabic Words
    • 16. TRICK TO READING MULTISYLLABIC WORDS
      • SPOT IT
        • Spot the vowels
      • DOT IT
        • Dot the vowels
          • draw a line
      • CHUNCK IT
        • Spilt between consonants
        • If two consonants, split between them
        • If one consonant, split in front
        • LE RULE
      • SLIDE and READ

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