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A PowerPoint Describing the Direct Instruction Teaching Strategy

A PowerPoint Describing the Direct Instruction Teaching Strategy

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  • *These students need direct instruction because many lack basic foundational skills and the ability to infer.

Direct instruction Direct instruction Presentation Transcript

  • What is
  • What is DIRECT INSTRUCTION?
    • Explicit teaching of a skill-set using lectures of demonstrations of the material, rather than exploratory models such as inquiry-based learning.
    • Systematic
    • Scaffolded/ No place for guess work or errors
  • Philosophy of Direct Instruction
    • Instructional Principle: When teachers explain exactly what students are expected to learn, and demonstrate the steps needed to accomplish a particular academic task, students learn more.
    • “ If the child hasn’t learned, the teacher hasn’t taught.”
      • Thus the responsibility of student learning rests squarely with teacher design and delivery of instruction.
  • Philosophy of Direct Instruction
    • Direct instruction rejects the assumption that students will spontaneously develop insights on their own.
    • Rather, direct instruction takes learners through the steps of learning systematically, helping them see both the purpose and the result of each step.
  • Direct Instruction Learning Visual Concept Diagram http://www.worksheetlibrary.com/teachingtips/directinstruction.html
  • Model of Direct Instruction
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DEVELOPMENT/MODEL/ TEACHER DOES
    • GUIDED PRACTICE/ WE DO
    • INDEPENDENT PRACTICE/ YOU DO
    • CLOSURE
    • EVALUATION/ APPLICATION
    • “ Tell them what you’re going to tell them; tell them; tell them what you told them.”
  • Model of Direct Instruction
    • Setting clear goals for students and making sure they understand these goals.
    • Presenting a sequence of well-organized assignments.
    • Giving students clear, concise explanations and illustrations of the subject matter.
    • Asking frequent questions to see if the students understand the work.
    • Giving students frequent opportunities to practice what they have learned.
  • DI Advantages
    • Delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner
    • Correlated with improved learning among primary children from working and middle class backgrounds
    • Positive effects with at-risk students, and with students with learning disabilities
  • WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION?
  • Other Advantages
    • Proven effective in teaching basic skills (such as how to use a microscope ).
    • Proven effective in teaching skills that are fundamental to more complex activities (such as prerequisite skills for long division).
    • Provides a good foundation for new teachers learning the language of instruction.
  • DI Disadvantages
    • Since DI is very structured, it could inhibit student and teacher creativity
    • Could present a philosophical challenge to teachers who see their role as facilitators of learning *
    • Not useful for teaching less-structured topics (such as English composition or the analyses of social issues).
  • What are the disadvantages of Direct Instruction?
  • DI WORKS BEST WHEN:
    • It is used with K-6 students
      • It is used with socially and economically impoverished students*
      • It is used with students with learning disabilities
      • As long as teachers employ other effective teaching strategies , DI is shown to work in a wide range of situations.
    • DIRECT INSTRUCTION MUST:
    • Present intense and rapid-paced interaction
    • Correct mistakes immediately
    • Frequently assess understanding
    • Teach to mastery
    TO BE EFFECTIVE
  • Reading Multisyllabic Words
  • TRICK TO READING MULTISYLLABIC WORDS
    • SPOT IT
      • Spot the vowels
    • DOT IT
      • Dot the vowels
        • draw a line
    • CHUNCK IT
      • Spilt between consonants
      • If two consonants, split between them
      • If one consonant, split in front
      • LE RULE
    • SLIDE and READ