Direct instruction


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Direct instruction
by Himanshu

Published in: Education
  • good you arevery creating and hard working person that i can see easily in your slide. good slide preparation.
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  • hi himansu
    you have added most of the instructional related information and having god arrangement. it is leaving the goog mark on the ming image . you have taken many day to imparting more knowledge . u hve made good ppt . dear you have to need only the clarification but you hve done appciable work. by kamlesh kumar
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  • your ppt presentation was good. colours used was also attractive. font size was also readable. you have been taken class for 4 days but I have attended only 2 of your class. by selva barady
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  • hats off to you for taking the courage to handle a full week for completing the assignment. you struggled a lot for presenting it. if all the models in direct instruction was presented in ppt, it would have helped you a lot. but the current ppt is very informative--jeen
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  • hai dear himansu am sivamoorthy.s . your presentation very nice .you had use good font size, back colour , i think visible to every one.. your content knowledge is very well. as well as each slide are good .and keep it up.
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Direct instruction

  2. 2. MEANING<br /><ul><li>Common teaching strategy, relying on strict lesson plans and lectures with little or no room for variation.
  3. 3. Does not include activities like discussion, recitation, seminars, workshops, case studies, or internships.
  4. 4. Teacher Directed definite structure with specific steps to guide pupils toward achieving clearly defined learning outcomes.</li></li></ul><li>Continued…….<br /><ul><li>delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner
  5. 5. based on the learning theories of behaviourism and developmentalism. </li></li></ul><li>BASIC CHARACTERISTICSOF DI:<br /><ul><li>Academic Focus - Content driven -
  6. 6. Whole Class or Small group Delivery;.
  7. 7. Constant monitoring to Check for Understanding (CFU)
  8. 8. Controlled Classroom Practice
  9. 9. Teacher-centered/ Transmission of Information one way – from Teacher to students.</li></li></ul><li>PRINCIPLES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION<br />
  10. 10. PRINCIPLES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION<br />Introduction/Review:Topics or information to be learned is presented to the pupils or review of information sets the stage for learning.<br />Development:The teacher provides clear explanations, descriptions, examples, or models of what is to be learned while checking for pupils' understanding through questioning.<br />Guided Practice:Opportunities are provided to the pupils to practice what is expected to be learned while the teacher monitors the activities or tasks assigned.<br />
  11. 11. Continued…..<br />Closure:Teachers conclude the lesson by wrapping up what was covered.<br />Independent Practice:Assignments are given to reinforce the learning without teacher assistance.<br />Evaluation:Assessment of pupil progress is conducted to determine levels of mastery.<br />
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>The teacher has control of the timing of the lesson.
  13. 13. Students are physically easy to monitor.
  14. 14. The teacher has control over what will be learned, and who will learn.
  15. 15. The curriculum can be covered
  16. 16. Guarantees specific Learning outcomes
  17. 17. Uses time effectively
  18. 18. Easy to implement</li></li></ul><li>DISADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>It is based on old learning theories
  19. 19. Students do not have a sense of the overall purpose of the simple steps.
  20. 20. Teachers cannot assess what the students’ prior knowledge is.
  21. 21. Retention of how to solve the problems is low, because the students have not struggled with the problem themselves.</li></li></ul><li>DISADVANTAGES continued<br /><ul><li> Low Transfer rate
  22. 22. Problem solving skills not developed
  23. 23. Irrelevant/Unmotivated
  24. 24. Disregards cooperation
  25. 25. Direct instruction as an instructional method works for only a small per- centage of students, not for a great variety. </li></li></ul><li>HOW TO USE DIRECT INSTRUCTION WELL ?<br /><ul><li>Choose a concept for which direct instruction is appropriate.
  26. 26. The students must know what is coming. Give them an advance organizer ­ what they will be learning, in what order, and how much time each aspect will take.
  27. 27. Speak clearly, with a varied tone and speed. If you do not have a really interesting voice, use as little direct instruction as possible, or have speeches written out for your students, or use supplementary materials such as videos, etc. </li></li></ul><li>Continued…..<br /><ul><li>Enhance what you are saying with visuals. Overheads or power point relieve the monotony of one person’s voice. Also, not all students are auditory learners.
  28. 28. Vary your lessons by not always speaking, but bring in activities, and other audio-visuals. </li>