DIRECT INSTRUCTION<br />HIMANSU BHUSANA SAMARATH<br />M.ED.<br />SCHOOL OF EDUCATION<br />PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY,PUDUCHERRY<br />
MEANING<br /><ul><li>Common teaching strategy, relying on strict lesson plans and lectures with little or no room for variation.
Does not include activities like discussion, recitation, seminars, workshops, case studies, or internships.
Teacher Directed definite structure with specific steps to guide pupils toward achieving clearly defined learning outcomes.</li></li></ul><li>Continued…….<br /><ul><li>delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner
based on the learning theories of behaviourism and developmentalism. </li></li></ul><li>BASIC CHARACTERISTICSOF DI:<br /><ul><li>Academic Focus - Content driven -
Teacher-centered/ Transmission of Information one way – from Teacher to students.</li></li></ul><li>PRINCIPLES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION<br />
PRINCIPLES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION<br />Introduction/Review:Topics or information to be learned is presented to the pupils or review of information sets the stage for learning.<br />Development:The teacher provides clear explanations, descriptions, examples, or models of what is to be learned while checking for pupils' understanding through questioning.<br />Guided Practice:Opportunities are provided to the pupils to practice what is expected to be learned while the teacher monitors the activities or tasks assigned.<br />
Continued…..<br />Closure:Teachers conclude the lesson by wrapping up what was covered.<br />Independent Practice:Assignments are given to reinforce the learning without teacher assistance.<br />Evaluation:Assessment of pupil progress is conducted to determine levels of mastery.<br />
ADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>The teacher has control of the timing of the lesson.
Direct instruction as an instructional method works for only a small per- centage of students, not for a great variety. </li></li></ul><li>HOW TO USE DIRECT INSTRUCTION WELL ?<br /><ul><li>Choose a concept for which direct instruction is appropriate.
The students must know what is coming. Give them an advance organizer what they will be learning, in what order, and how much time each aspect will take.
Speak clearly, with a varied tone and speed. If you do not have a really interesting voice, use as little direct instruction as possible, or have speeches written out for your students, or use supplementary materials such as videos, etc. </li></li></ul><li>Continued…..<br /><ul><li>Enhance what you are saying with visuals. Overheads or power point relieve the monotony of one person’s voice. Also, not all students are auditory learners.
Vary your lessons by not always speaking, but bring in activities, and other audio-visuals. </li>