Communications 150
Public Speaking
Rhetorical Methods &
Group Presentations
Kristee'sKreation
CONNECTIVES
Connectives are words or phrases
that connect the ideas
of a speech and indicate
the relationship between them...
Four Types of Connectives
1. Transitions
2. Internal Previews
3. Internal Summaries
4. Signposts
1. Transition
• A word or phrase that
indicates when a
speaker has finished
one thought and is
moving on to another.

• “I...
2. Internal Preview
• A statement in the
body of the speech
that lets the audience
know what the speaker
is going to discu...
3. Internal Summary
• A statement in the
body of the speech
that summarizes the
speaker’s preceding
point or points.

• “I...
4. Signpost
• A very brief statement
that indicates where a
speaker is in the
speech, or that focuses
attention on the key...
CONNECTIVES

• Remember that connectives can help to tie
your speech together.
• Using them effectively will make your
spe...
Public speaking
Public speaking
Public speaking
Public speaking
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Public speaking

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Public Speaking

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Public speaking

  1. 1. Communications 150 Public Speaking Rhetorical Methods & Group Presentations Kristee'sKreation
  2. 2. CONNECTIVES Connectives are words or phrases that connect the ideas of a speech and indicate the relationship between them.
  3. 3. Four Types of Connectives 1. Transitions 2. Internal Previews 3. Internal Summaries 4. Signposts
  4. 4. 1. Transition • A word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another. • “In addition to … • “Now that we’ve seen… • “Not only… • “So the evidence is… • “Let’s look at…
  5. 5. 2. Internal Preview • A statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next. • Transition ~ “Now that we have seen how serious the problem of faulty credit reports is… • Internal Summary ~ “I will focus on the following three solutions…
  6. 6. 3. Internal Summary • A statement in the body of the speech that summarizes the speaker’s preceding point or points. • “I hope I’ve made clear the benefits of walking as a form of exercise. Unlike running, which often causes injuries, walking is a gentle but effective way to keep in shape.”
  7. 7. 4. Signpost • A very brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech, or that focuses attention on the key ideas. • Enumerate ~ “Four simple principles guide our policy. First… Second… • Question ~ “What is the most effective approach for us? • Key Idea ~ “The most important thing to remember is …
  8. 8. CONNECTIVES • Remember that connectives can help to tie your speech together. • Using them effectively will make your speeches more unified and coherent.

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