THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820)• In 1819 there were 11 free states and 11 slave states• But MO territory wanted admission as a slave state• What issue would this cause?
• 1820 Senator Henry Clay creates a bill that would do the following: 1. Maine would enter as a free state 2. Missouri would enter as a slave state 3. In the Louisiana Territory, any land north of the southern border of Missouri would be free. 4. Slave owners had the right to pursue escaped fugitives into free territory.
COMPROMISE OF 1850 1. California admitted as a free state. 2. Slave trade banned in D.C. 3. Popular sovereignty to determine slavery question in Mexican Cession 4. Tough new Fugitive slave law Which provisions do you think the North and South were happy about?
KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT (1854)• Senator Stephen Douglas wanted to develop lands to connect Illinois and the west coast with a railroad.• Suggested creating 2 new territories: Kansas and Nebraska• Why would the South not be happy about this?• Douglas then proposed popular sovereignty in those territories• South ends up happy with the bill while the North is not as happy.