UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DE VENEZUELAFACULTAD DE HUMANIDADES Y EDUCACIÓN ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS COMPONENTE CULTURAL THE US CIVIL WAR (1861 – 1865) Integrantes: Colmenares Barradas, Jhoan Sakumoto Hina, Jessica CARACAS, VENEZUELA
TABLE OF CONTENT1. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820 ) 1.1 POLITICAL AND ECONOMICAL REASONS.2 . THE COMPROMISE OF 1850. 2.1 THE FIVE BILLS.3. THE DRED SCOTT AFFAIR (1857) 3.1 CONSEQUENCES4. LINCOLNS ELECTION (1860)5. WHAT WAS THE CIVIL WAR?5.1 . ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES(SOUTHERNERS AND NORTHERNERS )5.2. WHY DID THE NORTHERNERS WIN THE WAR?5.3. HOW DID THE CIVIL WAR END?
THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820) The Missouri Compromise was supposed to be a measure to end a serie of crises concerning to the extension of slavery. It was to solve the admission of new states in the west to The Union, and whether they would be free or slave state. The Missouri Compromise was used as a slavery debate, but the real thing was basically about political and economical reasons.
POLITICAL AND ECONOMICAL REASONS POLITICAL REASONS ECONOMICAL REASONS Wage paying northerns Competition between the were forced to compete South and North States for against slave labor in the south. power in Congress. For Southerners was The control over future important to keep lands territories. to grow more cotton to sell to the textile mills of For every new state meant the northeast. two more Senate votes , and the Slave states wanted The slave- state wanted new land to plant , so those votes to maintain creating new states they their political power. could continue being slaveholders.
THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five bills that reducedthe confrontation between the Slave State (South) and Free State(North) and marked the end of the Era of compromise.The Compromise included five bills :• California was admitted as a free State.• New Mexico , Utah and Texas , were organized without restrictions on Slavery.• Utah and New Mexico were given the right to decide whether or not to allow slavery.• The Slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia (Washington)• The Congrese passed a new FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT , which provided Federal Jurisdiction to assist slaveowners in the recovery of escaped slaves.(the Fugitive Slave Act gave slaveowners the power)
THE DRED SCOTT AFFAIR (1857)• Dred Scott was a Missouri slave who reached his freedom after the death of his original owner (John Emmerson), who took him during the 1830s in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin. Scott and his lawyers affirmed that this residence made him a free man, and the case quickly turned into a national and symbolic importance.• About the Scotts freedom, the Court decided to issue two rules: first, that Scotts freedom was invalid because a slave was not a citizen, and second, that Congress did not have the authority to erase slavery in the territory. Although the decision was not unanimous, the Chief Justice Roger Taney has represented a huge victory for the Southeners by declaring slavery as legal in the US.
THE DRED SCOTT AFFAIR (1857) CONSEQUENCES• Taney eliminated the entire legislative history of compromises that restricted slavery, from the North-west Ordinance of 1787 to the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850.• Instead to solve the slavery issue or demoralizing the North, the Dred Scott decision of antislavery forces gave a significant step to Lincolns Republican party, which was obliged to keep slavery out of the territories.• Abraham Lincoln runs for presidency in 1860.• “ They are so inferior that they had no right which a white man was bound to respect”• Roger Taney
LINCOLN S ELECTION FOR PRESIDENT (1860)• He was born in 1809 in Kentucky.• At age of seven, Lincoln moved to Indiana, and in 1830 He and his family stayed.• At the age of 25, Lincoln won a seat in the Illinois legislature and in 1836 he became a lawyer .• In 1860 the Republicans chose Lincoln as their candidate for the presidential election.• Southerners chose a candidate to oppose Lincoln and they threatened that the South would break away, or “secede,” from the United States if Lincoln became President.• In December 1860, Lincoln won the election and the state of South Carolina voted to secede from the United States. It was soon joined by ten more southern states• . In February 1861, these eleven states announced that they were an independent nation, the Confederate States of America, often known as THE CONFEDERACY.
WHAT WAS THE CIVIL WAR?(1861- 1865)The US Civil War was a conflictcaused by a disagreement betweentwo sections:• The Northern State that was called «THE UNION»• The Southern State that was seceded from the UNION and then, they formed the CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA that was called «THE CONFEDERACY»• The US Civil War arose out because of the issue of Slavery and illicit trade, but also arose out in response to the elections of ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
ADVANTAGES OF SOUTHERNERS AND NORTHERNERS IN WAR NORTHENERS SOUTHENERS• They were fighting to keep • They were fighting for the the country together independence from the against a divided USA. North.• They had more population • They has better trained than the Southeners and soldiers and they had a most of the weapon better structured army. factories were located in the North. • The geographical situation of the South allowed them• Their will was that all slaves to defend better. They were free in the knew their territory, Confederate States. instead the North had to move on to an unknown territory .
WHY DID THE NORTHERNERS WIN THE WAR?• The Northerners had more popuLation than the Southerners.• The North blocked the main economic sources of the South, so the Southerners could not sell their cotton or receive any reinforcements, supplies of munitions, food, and other necessities leaving the South weak to the point of bringing the South to starvation. They were dependent of the trade.• Britain and France did not recognize the Confederacy as a country.
HOW DID THE CIVIL WAR END?• The Civil War put an end to slavery. In 1865 slavery was abolished everywhere in the United States by the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.• The Civil War decided that the United States was one nation, whose parts could not be separated.