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Causes of the Civil WarCauses of the Civil War
Stewing up trouble and turning up the heatStewing up trouble and turning up the heat
Our IngredientsOur Ingredients
Slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
Dred Scott
Election of
Abraham
Lincoln
Bleeding Kansas
Missouri Compromise
Compromise of 1850
John Brown’s Raid
Harpers Ferry
Kansas Nebraska Act
States Rights
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Cultural Differences
Uncle Tom’sUncle Tom’s
CabinCabin
• Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe
• Date: 1852
• vivid characters, dramatic incidences, showed
slavery as a cruel and brutal system.
• Inspired strong feelings in the North and the
South
» Northerners felt a stronger urge to abolish slavery
» Southerners felt even more threatened.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Uncle Tom’s cabin, the Broth or base for our stew,
helps to flavor the issue of Slavery in both the North
and the South.
=
"So you're the little
woman who wrote the
book that started this
great war.“
AbrahamLincoln
Missouri Compromise 1820Missouri Compromise 1820
Compromise of 1850Compromise of 1850
Missouri Compromise preserved the balance between free and slave states, and ended
the debate in Congress over slavery in new states and territories – for a while
Maine =
FREE state
Proposed by
Henry Clay
Missouri =
SLAVE state
Missouri Compromise (1820) andMissouri Compromise (1820) and
Compromise of 1850Compromise of 1850
• Why an issue?Why an issue?
• Continued the conflict over
slavery and the attempt to
maintain a balance between
slave and free states.
• Balance of Power…Balance of Power…
• North and South continued to
look for ways to change this
balance and gain control.
Potatoes take a while
to prepare, they must
be cleaned and peeled
and act as a filler in
the stew. These two
compromises were
issues that filled the
county with conflict,
but never addressed
the problem.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
• Opened theOpened the doordoor for slavery in thefor slavery in the
Kansas and Nebraska territories.Kansas and Nebraska territories.
• Increased the tension and mistrustIncreased the tension and mistrust
between the North and the South.between the North and the South.
Kansas and
Nebraska are
both known for
growing corn.
Stephen A. Douglas
proposed that states choose
for themselves whether to be
free or slave states;
popular sovereignty
Bleeding KansasBleeding Kansas
• Pro- slavery and
anti- slavery
groupsrushed to
theterritories,
armed
themselves, and
fought for
control.
Tomatoes and
Blood are
both red.
Dred Scott
Dred Scott
Chief Justice
Taney
The Dred Scott DecisionThe Dred Scott Decision
• Slaves = property.
• Slaves are not citizens not
protected under the U.S.
Constitution.
• Missouri Compromise =
Unconstitutional.
• popular sovereignty =
Unconstitutional.
• outraged abolitionist in the
North, pleased Southerners,
dividing the country more than
ever.
Dred Scott thought he
wasafreeman, sweet
peas, theonionsmake
you cry when you find
out hewasconsidered
property and not free.
– Rights and powers independent of
the federal government that are
reserved for the states by the
Constitution.
– The belief that states rights
supersede federal rights
and law.
States Rights
State’s Rights was a hot topic, constantly heating up the
differences between the North and South.
Cultural DifferencesCultural Differences
NorthNorth
 Center of Manufacturing,
 Favored high protective
tariffs
 strongly opposed to
slavery
 Efficient roads and
transportation
 Largest Cities
The North and the South had very different societies and cultures. Each was very loyal to their
distinct region (Sectionalism)
Cultural DifferencesCultural Differences
SouthSouth
 Economy based on agriculture.
 Plantations grew cash crops,
cotton.
 Opposed tariff on manufactured
goods
 Favored Slavery.
TheNorth and theSouth
wereasdifferent assalt
and pepper.
Fugitive Slave Act 1850
• Required citizens to help capture slaves who
had run away.
• People who helped runaways could be fined or
imprisoned.
• Many Northern juries often refused to convict
people accused of breaking this.
Fugitive Slave ActFugitive Slave Act
Carrots grow
underground and
slaves were often
caught and returned
even though they
often hid
underground. Also
Caught and Carrots
both start with C.
Conditions under the
Fugitive Slave Act helped
create the
Underground Railroad.
Raid on Harpers FerryRaid on Harpers Ferry
• October 16, 1859, abolitionist John
Brown led a raid on an arsenal at
Harpers Ferry.
• The aim was to spark a slave
uprising.
• John Brown’s death = rallying cry
for abolitionists.
• Fears of a great northern
conspiracy confirmed.
This event was the
meat o f the idea
that the No rth had a
Co nspiracy against
the So uth.
Lincoln/Douglas Debates
• Senate Race in Illinois in 1858. Senator Stephen
Douglas vs. the little known Abraham Lincoln. Douglas
was against slavery personally, but believed that popular
sovereignty would resolve the issue without interfering
with national unity. Lincoln also personally opposed
slavery, but thought there was no easy way to eliminate
it where it already existed. He thought the solution was
to prevent its spread into the territories.
• Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates
leading up to the election. The seven debates took place
between August and October 1858. Slavery was the
main topic.
• Douglas won the Election but Lincoln gained a national
reputation. Southerners were feeling increasingly
threatened by antislavery movement in the Republican
Party.
Election of 1860Election of 1860
• Lincoln opposed slavery, but thought
there was no easy way to eliminate it.
• He thought the solution was to prevent
its spread into the territories.
• Lincoln won the election.
Abraham Lincoln was
tall and skinny likea
string bean.
South SecedesSouth Secedes Stirring the po t…Stirring the po t…
• November 20, 1860, South Carolina
secedes, others states follow
February 1861.
• February 4, 1861 Confederate States
of America created, Jefferson Davis
elected president.
• South grievance against US = not
enforcing Fugitive Slave Act, denied
Southern states equal rights in the
territories violating their contract with
the Union.
• Lincoln’s inaugural speech secession
= unlawful and would not be
permitted; pleaded for reconciliation.
Firing onFiring on
Fort SumterFort Sumter
• Confederate army opens fire
on the fort April 12, 1861.
• Union forces surrender April
14, with no loss of life on
either side.
• The Civil War begins…The Civil War begins…These were the events
that kicked off the Civil
War, in otherwords,
turned up the heat.

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Causes of civil war power point

  • 1. Causes of the Civil WarCauses of the Civil War Stewing up trouble and turning up the heatStewing up trouble and turning up the heat
  • 2. Our IngredientsOur Ingredients Slavery Fugitive Slave Act Dred Scott Election of Abraham Lincoln Bleeding Kansas Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 John Brown’s Raid Harpers Ferry Kansas Nebraska Act States Rights Uncle Tom’s Cabin Cultural Differences
  • 3. Uncle Tom’sUncle Tom’s CabinCabin • Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe • Date: 1852 • vivid characters, dramatic incidences, showed slavery as a cruel and brutal system. • Inspired strong feelings in the North and the South » Northerners felt a stronger urge to abolish slavery » Southerners felt even more threatened.
  • 4. Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s cabin, the Broth or base for our stew, helps to flavor the issue of Slavery in both the North and the South. = "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war.“ AbrahamLincoln
  • 5. Missouri Compromise 1820Missouri Compromise 1820 Compromise of 1850Compromise of 1850 Missouri Compromise preserved the balance between free and slave states, and ended the debate in Congress over slavery in new states and territories – for a while Maine = FREE state Proposed by Henry Clay Missouri = SLAVE state
  • 6. Missouri Compromise (1820) andMissouri Compromise (1820) and Compromise of 1850Compromise of 1850 • Why an issue?Why an issue? • Continued the conflict over slavery and the attempt to maintain a balance between slave and free states. • Balance of Power…Balance of Power… • North and South continued to look for ways to change this balance and gain control. Potatoes take a while to prepare, they must be cleaned and peeled and act as a filler in the stew. These two compromises were issues that filled the county with conflict, but never addressed the problem.
  • 8. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 • Opened theOpened the doordoor for slavery in thefor slavery in the Kansas and Nebraska territories.Kansas and Nebraska territories. • Increased the tension and mistrustIncreased the tension and mistrust between the North and the South.between the North and the South. Kansas and Nebraska are both known for growing corn. Stephen A. Douglas proposed that states choose for themselves whether to be free or slave states; popular sovereignty
  • 9. Bleeding KansasBleeding Kansas • Pro- slavery and anti- slavery groupsrushed to theterritories, armed themselves, and fought for control. Tomatoes and Blood are both red.
  • 11. The Dred Scott DecisionThe Dred Scott Decision • Slaves = property. • Slaves are not citizens not protected under the U.S. Constitution. • Missouri Compromise = Unconstitutional. • popular sovereignty = Unconstitutional. • outraged abolitionist in the North, pleased Southerners, dividing the country more than ever. Dred Scott thought he wasafreeman, sweet peas, theonionsmake you cry when you find out hewasconsidered property and not free.
  • 12. – Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution. – The belief that states rights supersede federal rights and law. States Rights State’s Rights was a hot topic, constantly heating up the differences between the North and South.
  • 13. Cultural DifferencesCultural Differences NorthNorth  Center of Manufacturing,  Favored high protective tariffs  strongly opposed to slavery  Efficient roads and transportation  Largest Cities The North and the South had very different societies and cultures. Each was very loyal to their distinct region (Sectionalism)
  • 14. Cultural DifferencesCultural Differences SouthSouth  Economy based on agriculture.  Plantations grew cash crops, cotton.  Opposed tariff on manufactured goods  Favored Slavery. TheNorth and theSouth wereasdifferent assalt and pepper.
  • 15. Fugitive Slave Act 1850 • Required citizens to help capture slaves who had run away. • People who helped runaways could be fined or imprisoned. • Many Northern juries often refused to convict people accused of breaking this.
  • 16. Fugitive Slave ActFugitive Slave Act Carrots grow underground and slaves were often caught and returned even though they often hid underground. Also Caught and Carrots both start with C. Conditions under the Fugitive Slave Act helped create the Underground Railroad.
  • 17. Raid on Harpers FerryRaid on Harpers Ferry • October 16, 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a raid on an arsenal at Harpers Ferry. • The aim was to spark a slave uprising. • John Brown’s death = rallying cry for abolitionists. • Fears of a great northern conspiracy confirmed. This event was the meat o f the idea that the No rth had a Co nspiracy against the So uth.
  • 18. Lincoln/Douglas Debates • Senate Race in Illinois in 1858. Senator Stephen Douglas vs. the little known Abraham Lincoln. Douglas was against slavery personally, but believed that popular sovereignty would resolve the issue without interfering with national unity. Lincoln also personally opposed slavery, but thought there was no easy way to eliminate it where it already existed. He thought the solution was to prevent its spread into the territories. • Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates leading up to the election. The seven debates took place between August and October 1858. Slavery was the main topic. • Douglas won the Election but Lincoln gained a national reputation. Southerners were feeling increasingly threatened by antislavery movement in the Republican Party.
  • 19. Election of 1860Election of 1860 • Lincoln opposed slavery, but thought there was no easy way to eliminate it. • He thought the solution was to prevent its spread into the territories. • Lincoln won the election. Abraham Lincoln was tall and skinny likea string bean.
  • 20. South SecedesSouth Secedes Stirring the po t…Stirring the po t… • November 20, 1860, South Carolina secedes, others states follow February 1861. • February 4, 1861 Confederate States of America created, Jefferson Davis elected president. • South grievance against US = not enforcing Fugitive Slave Act, denied Southern states equal rights in the territories violating their contract with the Union. • Lincoln’s inaugural speech secession = unlawful and would not be permitted; pleaded for reconciliation.
  • 21. Firing onFiring on Fort SumterFort Sumter • Confederate army opens fire on the fort April 12, 1861. • Union forces surrender April 14, with no loss of life on either side. • The Civil War begins…The Civil War begins…These were the events that kicked off the Civil War, in otherwords, turned up the heat.