African Americans Wwii Home Front

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African Americans in industry during WWII. A Philip Randolph, Executive Order 8802, Fair Employment Practices Commission, the Double V Campaign.

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  • 1st:"Final assembly of the pilot's compartment is being made by these Negro workers in a large eastern aircraft factory. These youths went directly from a war training course to their jobs in this plant." May 1942. Howard Liberman 208-NP-2VV-2. (african_americans_wwii_248.jpg) 2nd: "Bertha Stallworth, age 21, shown inspecting end of 40mm artillery cartridge case at Frankford Arsenal." N.d. 208-NP-1WW-1. (african_americans_wwii_253.jpg)
  • African Americans Wwii Home Front

    1. 1. African Americans at Work During WWII
    2. 2. A. Philip Randolph <ul><li>Founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union for African American railroad workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Threatened to march on Washington - Why? </li></ul>
    3. 3. The March on Washington was cancelled in 1941 <ul><li>Why was the march cancelled? </li></ul><ul><li>When does the March on Washington finally take place? </li></ul><ul><li>March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom 1963 - who leads it? </li></ul>
    4. 4. June 1941 FDR issues Executive Order #8802 <ul><li>“I do hereby affirm the policy of the United States that there shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in the defense industry or government because of race, creed, color, or national origin.” </li></ul><ul><li>First major presidential action countering discrimination since Reconstruction. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Fair Employment Practices Commission <ul><li>What was its purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>To enforce Order 8802 </li></ul><ul><li>1st government-sponsored civil rights agency since Reconstruction </li></ul>
    6. 7. The Double V Campaign <ul><li>Victory over Fascism Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Victory over Racism at Home </li></ul>

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