Brief Definition Globalization

10,179 views
10,079 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,179
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
31
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
113
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Brief Definition Globalization

  1. 1. <ul><li>Globalization: A Preliminary Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Bosworth & Gordon: Key Processes and Public Controversies </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Normative Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Video: Captive Audience </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Globalization: A Preliminary Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ an unprecedented compression of time and space reflected in the tremendous intensification of social, political, economic, and cultural interconnections and interdependencies on a global scale.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Stegler, p. ix </li></ul><ul><li>time-space compression </li></ul><ul><li>deterritorialization and supraterritoriality </li></ul>
  3. 3. One way to approach this: think about the world before globalization <ul><li>Distance mattered—space often measured in time </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial boundaries more or less kept things in and out </li></ul><ul><li>Society and culture had spatial referents </li></ul><ul><li>Everything had its “place” (literally) </li></ul>
  4. 4. In a world of deterritorialization and supraterritoriality: <ul><li>Distance becomes almost irrelevant (the end of distance) </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries are increasingly permeable. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups and cultures increasingly don’t have a territorial basis (deterritorialization) </li></ul><ul><li>A new kind of non-physical “place” is emerging (supraterritoriality) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bosworth and Gordon: A survey of some key processes <ul><li>Expansion of international commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Rising importance of private capital flows </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing travel and migration </li></ul><ul><li>Increased communication and interaction between peoples </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bosworth and Gordon also point to some of the key public controversies over globalization: <ul><li>The fact there are winners and losers, and societies vary in how much they compensate the losers </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing poverty: ¼ world’s population below $1 a day; over ½ below $2 a day </li></ul><ul><li>Inequality between rich and poor is rising </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental concerns and conflict over global governance </li></ul><ul><li>Open borders and their effects (the piggy-back effect) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Frank Lechner: Empirical Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Process vs. Project </li></ul><ul><li>New Era vs. Nothing New (Globabaloney) </li></ul><ul><li>Hard vs. Soft </li></ul><ul><li>4. End vs. Revival of Nation State </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cultural Sameness vs. Difference </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Amartya Sen: Normative Debates (Good vs. Bad) </li></ul><ul><li>Whether globalization is a Western curse </li></ul><ul><li>Whether globalization fairly benefits the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Whether the institutional infrastructure of globalization is adequate </li></ul>
  9. 9. Video: Emerging Powers: India
  10. 10. “ Over the past decade globalization has been driven by technological advances…..But globalization has also been driven by policies and ideas…” Bosworth & Gordon Next time: globalization as a neoliberal project

×