Anxiety is a group of emotions that we all have experienced at one time or another in our lives. Sometimes those anxieties can manifest themselves in a physical way like when we feel our stomach filling with butterflies just before a big presentation in front of our boss. Anxiety disorder is something far beyond the usual butterflies. When you experience a gripping, almost paralyzing fear that wont allow you to function normally or like you have done in the past then that would categorize itself as a disorder.
Mood disorders can be defined or manifest itself through one or both depression or mania. If a person is depressed they usually are very moody and have feelings that are of worldliness or guilt. They have problems sleeping as we as having issue with concentrating and even have significant weight loss. Mania could manifest itself with the patient feeling full of himself, grandiosely, having very high energy but also not getting good sleep adding to irritability. There are two major categories in DSM-IV-TR depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Depressive disorder encompasses major depressive disorders and dysthymia. Bipolar disorder encompasses bipolar I disorder bipolar II disorder as well as cyclothymia.
Dissociative disorders include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, depersonalization disorder, and multiple personality. Each one of these disorders deals with a patient a kind of dissociation or separation. The dissociative issue could happen in their consciousness, their memory or even with their identity.
Somatoform disorders are usually involving complaints from patients that are physical in nature. The pains that they speak of usually mimic those of true medical conditions and can be very hard to discredit. The patient usually complains of symptoms that are not considered to be voluntary or under their conscious control.
All or any of these faces could be suffering from any of the Anxiety disorders that have defined and discussed. These diagnosis’ know no age, gender, station in life, culture or even what financial bracket you are in. Regardless of whether the patient is truly physically ill or just manifesting the condition, it is real to the patient. Through therapy which may involve psychological as well as medication, a patient can expect to be as close to normal or back to their old self. Each patient is different and what may be the right therapy or medication for one may not be the right avenue of recovery for another. With proper doctors care and a willing and compliant patient there many solutions for a host of issues.
Presentation 410 ppt on Anxiety
A look at it’s Classifications and Manifestations Julia Iozzio Abnormal Psychology 410 Professor Stephen Sharp, Ph.D., LCPC, NCC
• Panic Disorder- is the constant occurrence and unexpected panic attacks• Phobias- are a persistent unrealistic fear specific to a situation. Trying to avoid thesituation is typical and when trigger isn’t present than the fear is gone• Posttraumatic Stress Disorder- having reoccurring and intrusive memories and dreams of traumatic experiences• Generalized Anxiety Disorder- when worry is hard to control, symptoms can be muscle tension, difficulty concentrating• Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder- impulsive thoughts and intrusive behaviors thatare recognized as unreasonable
MoodDisorders • Major Depressive Depressive Disorder Disorders • Dysthymia • Bipolar I Disorder Bipolar • Bipolar II Disorder Disorders • Cyclothymia
Mood Disorders• Depressive Disorders Major Depressive Disorder Single episode- only on major episode Recurrent- two or more episodes Dysthmia- a mood of depression that is chronic and continuous Bipolar Disorders Bipolar I Disorder Single manic episode- only one episode and no history of any Recent episode Hypomanic- a current episode with a history on one other Recent episode Manic- a current episode and a history of a major depressive, hypomanic, or manic episode Recent episode Mixed- current episode as well as having a documented one week( every day )time having a depressive episode and a manic episode Recent episode Depressed- having a current major depression with a history of a previous manic episode Recent episode Unspecified- having a recent manic, hypomanic, or major depressive episode with at least one manic episode Bipolar II Disorder Recurring major depression with hypomania episodes-one or more major depression episodes with at least one hypomanic episode with no prior history Cyclothymia- chronic moods that are manic and depressive and usually are continuous
Dissociative Disorder Dissociative Amnesia- a patient experiences partial or total loss of important andpersonal information. This can sometime occur after a stressful or traumatic event. Dissociative Fugue- this is when the patient is confused over who they are it can bepartial or complete assumption of a new identity Depersonalization Disorder- this is probably the most common dissociative disorder.This happens in most cases with young people. The patient feels as though their body isdeformed or that somehow the environment has changed. This can sometimes lead to thepatient feeling out of control. Multiple-Personality Disorder- this is a dramatic disorder where two or morepersonalities, independent from one another exist in on e person. Only one personality ata time can be present. It is possible that the personalities know about one another .Usually each personality is different and are utilized for the strength that each one of thepersonalities possesses
Somatoform Disorders Somatization Disorder- is characterized by patients complaining of multiplephysical pains Conversion Disorder- is characterized by change or loss of physical functioning Pain Disorder-is characterized when the patients main issues is pain Hypochondriasis- is when a patient greatest fears are that of a disease Body Dysmorphic Disorder- is when the patient complains of imagined defectsas a normal appearing individual
ReferencesSue, D., Sue, D., & Sue, S., (2000) Understanding Abnormal Behavior (9th ed) Houghton Mifflin Co.: NJ