The “goingto” structureismadewith:VerbTO BE +going +infinitiveof a verb “My sisterisgoingtostudymedicine” “Wearen’tgoingtovisitParis” “Am I goingtobelate?”
1) planned actions in the future We are going to sing at the party. 2) You are certain that something is going to happen in the future. Look at this car! It is going to crash into the yellow one. Uses of thegoingtofuture
Plannedactions, anexample: Thisyearwehavesavedmoney, and we are goingtotravelItaly. Whenwe are in Italy: Weare goingtovisitRome and itsmonuments. Weare goingto tryItalian pizza, butwearen’tgoingtoeatiteveryday. Weare goingtotraveltothesouth, toNaples, and weare goingtoseetheVesuvius, thefamousVolcano.
These are thethingsthatwe are goingto do in Italy, thethingswehaveplannedorwewantto doonourtriptoItaly. We use this tense tosaywhatwewantto do in thefuture.
Imagine we are Liverpool supporters and we are watching a match againstBesiktas. It’s ten minutes togo and the score is: We can say; “We are goingtowin” or“Wearen’tgoingto lose”, becausewe are sure. Goingtoforlogicalpredictions, a couple of examples
Wesee a baby and thebabyisvery, verysadbecausesomeone has takenhistoy. Likethis: Itseemsclearthatwe can predict: “Thebabyisgoingtocrysoon”