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-er -ir preterite verbs


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how to use -er and -ir preterite verbs in Spanish

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-er -ir preterite verbs

  1. 1. You have learned that thepreterite is used for pastactions that are seen ascompleted.You also learned how toconjugate regular -ar verbs.
  2. 2. In this lesson, you willlearn how to conjugate-er and -ir verbs,and become more familiar withthe uses of the preterite.
  3. 3. To conjugate regular -er and -ir verbsin the preterite, simply drop the ending(-er or -ir) and add one of the following:• í• iste• ió• imos• isteis• ieron
  4. 4. comer vivircomí vivícomiste vivistecomió viviócomimos vivimoscomisteis vivisteiscomieron vivieron
  5. 5. Ayer....• yo comí el helado.• tú comiste en el restaurante.• Pilar comió con sus amigas.• nosotros comimos el pastel.• vosotros comisteis en la cafeteria.• ellos comieron los bocadillos.
  6. 6. El año pasado....• yo viví en Mexico.• tú viviste con tu familia en España.• Pilar vivió con sus amigas en Italia.• nosotros vivimos en la casa verde.• vosotros vivisteis en el apartamento.• ellos vivieron en la ciudad.
  7. 7. The preterite is used for actionsthat can be viewed as singleevents.Ellos comieron a las ocho.They ate at eight oclock.
  8. 8. The preterite is used for actionsthat were repeated a specificnumber of times, or occurredduring a specific period of timeAyer escribí tres cartas.Yesterday I wrote three letters.Vivimos allí por cuatro años.We lived there for four years.
  9. 9. The preterite is used for actionsthat were part of a chain ofevents.Ella se vistió y salió de la casa.She got dressed and left the house.
  10. 10. The preterite is used to statethe beginning or the end of anaction.Empezó a nevar a las ocho de la mañana.It began to snow at eight in the morning.
  11. 11. The preterite is used forpast actions that are seenas completed.