2011 TESOL US Federal Update


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With a new Congress in place after the 2010 midterm elections, what are the current education issues before the U.S. Congress and the administration? TESOL’s legislative consultants will present an update on the latest developments from Washington, DC.

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2011 TESOL US Federal Update

  1. 1. Legislative Outlook 112th Congress 1 st Session Ellen FernWashington Partners, LLC efern@wpllc.net March 18, 2011
  2. 2. 112th CongressOverview  Department of Education  Congress   Congressional Leadership and Committee Membership   Issues  Federal FY 2011 Budget Status  Federal FY 2012 Budget   Budget Outline   Education Overview  Congressional Education Agenda   Overview   WIA   ESEA   Dream Act
  3. 3. Department of EducationLeadership  U.S. Secretary of Education – Arne Duncan   Jo Anderson, Jr. – Senior Advisor   Focus on outreach to teachers and teacher organizations  Office of the Deputy Secretary (ODS) – Tony Miller Handles K-12 policy including ESEA, ELL, Innovation and Improvement, IDEA   Office of English Language Acquisition   Assistant Deputy Secretary Dr. Rosalinda Barrera   Office of Elementary and Secondary Education   Assistant Secretary Thelma Meléndez
  4. 4. Department of EducationLeadership   Office of the Undersecretary – Martha Kanter Oversees policies, programs and activities related to vocational and adult education, postsecondary education and college aid.   Office of Vocational and Adult Education   Dr. Brenda Dann-Messier, Assistant Secretary   Office of Community Colleges   Frank Chong Ed.D., Deputy Assistant Secretary   Division of Adult Education and Literacy (DAEL)   Cheryl Keenan, Director
  5. 5. Congress – Democratic MajorityU.S. Senate Leadership  Senate Majority Leader – Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) 51:47:2  Senate Minority Leader – Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY)  Appropriations Committee   Chairman – Senator Daniel Inouye (D-HI)   LHHS Subcommittee Chairman – Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA)  Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee   Chairman – Senator Tom Harkin(D-IA)  Judiciary Committee   Chairman – Senator Pat Leahy (D-VT)
  6. 6. Congress – Republican MajorityU.S. House Leadership  Republican Majority – Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) 241:192  Minority Leader – Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)  Appropriations Committee   Chairman - Rep. Hal Rogers (R-KY)   LHHS Subcommittee Chairman – Rep. Denny Rehberg (R-MT)  Education and Workforce Committee   Chairman – Rep. John Kline (R-MN)  Judiciary Committee   Chairman – Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX)
  7. 7. Washington EnvironmentalAssessment  Partisanship has impacted all debate and legislative schedule.  Unprecedented dysfunction in the legislative process.  Issue landscape changing rapidly – has evolved from stimulus, job creation, war in Afghanistan and financial reform to huge emphasis on the deficit.  Fiscal Year 2011 appropriations process delayed.  Federal government running on a Continuing Resolution.
  8. 8. Congressional Focus  Complete FY 2011 budget.  Mandate to cut the budget because of deficit.  Smaller government.  Focus on earmark elimination.
  9. 9. Congressional Action onFY 2011  Fiscal Year began October 1, 2010  No appropriations bills passed.  5th Continuing Resolution until March 18th.  6th Continuing Resolution until April 8th passed.  Can Congress agree on a long- term Congressional Resolution?
  10. 10. FY 2011 Continuing ResolutionsEnglish Language Acquisition  President’s FY 2011 Request - $800 million  FY 2011 Continuing Resolution - $750 million   FY 2010 - $750 million   FY 2009 - $730 million   FY 2008 - $ 700.4 million
  11. 11. FY 2010 Final and FY 2011 CR:Adult Basic and Literacy Education  State Grants   FY 2010 - $639.6 million   FY 2011 CR - $639.6 million   Includes level funding for English Language and Civics Education grants ($75 million)  National Leadership Activities   FY 2010 - $11.3 million   FY 2011 CR - $11.3 million
  12. 12. FY 2011 Continuing Resolution:Additional Programs of Interest  Even Start - $0 ($66.5 million FY 2010)  Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy Program – $0 ($200 million FY 2010)  Teacher Quality State Grants - $2.94 ($2.95 billion FY 2010)  Career and Technical Education (state grants) – $1.272 billion  Migrant Education (Title I) - $394.8 million  Foreign Language Assistance (K-12) - $26.9 million  TRIO and GEAR UP - $853.1 million and $323.2 million
  13. 13. Winning the FutureFY 2012 Budget: President’s Outline  Budget Goals   To win the future, “we have to out-innovate, out- educate and out-build the rest of the world.”   Take responsibility for our deficit, “by investing in what makes America stronger and cutting what doesn’t.”   Reform government so that it’s “smarter, leaner, and better able to take on the challenges of the 21st century.”
  14. 14. FY 2012 Budget Detail  $3.73 trillion request which cuts the deficit by $1 trillion over the next decade.  $1.65 trillion deficit in FY 2012.  5-year freeze to most discretionary spending.   Maintains priority investments to critical areas including education.  Must work together to make hard choices.
  15. 15. FY 2012 Budget OutlineEducation Overview  $77.4 billion for ED - $2 billion increase over FY 2010.  Creates educational reform that emphasizes “cutting where we can, to invest where we must.”  Investments made in innovative, outcome- orientated programs that build on Race to the Top.  Consolidates 38 K-12 programs into 11.  Eliminates 13 programs.
  16. 16. FY 2012 BudgetEducation Overview  Five priorities for ED: 1.  Early learning programs; 2.  Elementary and secondary innovation and reform; 3.  Recruitment of top teachers and professionals; 4.  College completion; and 5.  Supporting at-risk student populations, e.g., English language learners.
  17. 17. FY 2010 BudgetEducation Overview: K-12 Focus   Rewarding excellence and promoting innovation   $900 million Race to the Top (District level).   $300 million i3 Fund.   $90 million ARPA-ED (Advanced Research Projects Agency).   Support for effective charter schools and comprehensive school choice.   Great teachers and leaders.   $3.25 billion Excellent Instructional Team initiative (consolidates 9 programs).   $835 million Effective Teachers and Learning.
  18. 18. FY 2010 BudgetEducation Overview: K-12  All students college- and career-ready.   $750 million for ELL program to ensure these students reach same college- and career-ready goals as other students.   $420 million to help States improve quality of assessment systems.
  19. 19. FY 2012 Budget OutlineEducation Overview: Adult Learners  Variety of programs targeting adult learners.   $635 million for Adult Basic and Literacy Education State Grants.   8 percent of funds used for Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF) – joint initiative with DOL to improve WIA programs by testing and validating innovation.   $23 million National Leadership Activities – new evaluation and technology infrastructure.
  20. 20. FY 2012 BudgetResponse  The response on Capitol Hill to the President’s budget not enough.   Still working on FY 2011.   Education budget not written to statute.   Tea Party members will demand fiscal discipline.
  21. 21. FY 2012 Budget:Congressional Action   Both chambers have begun to have hearings.   Senate Budget Committee has heard testimony from Secretary Duncan.   House Ed and Workforce Committee has heard testimony from Secretary Duncan.   House LHHS Appropriations Subcommittee has heard testimony from Secretary Duncan.
  22. 22. Congressional Education AgendaOverview  Workforce Investment Act/Adult Education   Long overdue – hasn’t been reauthorized since 1998.   Title II – Adult Education and Family Literacy Act .   Senate HELP Committee has draft.   House Education and Workforce Committee has many new members – must educate them.
  23. 23. Elementary and Secondary EducationAct (ESEA) Reauthorization  President Obama Priority – speech at Kenmore Middle School on Monday.   Wants Congress to send him bill to “fix” law before new school year.  Secretary Duncan Priority.   Law is broken; must fix it to make it more “fair, flexible and focused.”   Focus on lowest performing schools and students most at-risk.
  24. 24. ESEA: TESOL Recommendations  Widespread recognition of benefits and problems for ELL learners   ESEA has shined a light on ELL learners and forced schools to educate these students.   Teaching has improved.   Major issues with language of law and state implementation.   Slow guidance from Department of Education.
  25. 25. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsAccountability – Title I  Include accountability for the development of academic English language proficiency.  Incorporate English language proficiency level as weighted factor into content area achievement.  Distinguish among students within ELL English language proficiency level within age groups.  Require disaggregation of graduation rates based on subgroup.
  26. 26. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsAccountability – Title III  Require uniform statewide criteria for identification and classification of English Language Learners.  Require states to develop and implement system to monitor and report on effectiveness of language instruction programs.
  27. 27. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsAssessment and Accommodations  Require states to use valid and reliable assessments and to submit evidence of validity and reliability of assessments.  Require states to report on accommodations used and provide guidance to districts.  Allow use of multiple measures for assessment.  Codify ED regulation allowing 1-year exemption from ELA assessment for recently arrived ELLs and lowest proficiency level.
  28. 28. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsAdvancing Expertise – Title II  Define ESL as core academic subject.  Require states to provide unique licensure credentials for ESL/bilingual as well as other educators who work with ELLs.  Require states to demonstrate core academic content teachers also prepared to meet needs of ELLs.  Incentives to give funding priority to prof development programs focused on ESL/ bilingual educators.
  29. 29. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsAdvancing Expertise - Title III  Reinstate fellowship program to support new generation of teachers and researchers to support ELLs.  Provide incentives to districts to develop career ladder programs for ESL/bilingual.  Develop new discretionary grant program for “new-growth” districts.  Provide funding for further research.  Establish funding to develop English language proficiency standards linked to Common Core.
  30. 30. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsPromoting Innovation – Title I  Allow states to measure linguistic and academic progress in more than 1 language.  Provide resources to promote family literacy so families of ELLs have access to effective early childhood and adult education programs.
  31. 31. ESEA: TESOL RecommendationsPromoting Innovation – Title III  Allow Title III funds to support development of native language literacy.  Create competitive grant for innovative programs to serve ELLs.  Establish new grant program targeted to high-need areas to support programs that maintain and develop learners’ native languages.  Provide funding to develop content-area assessments in native/heritage languages.
  32. 32. Other Education Priorities  STEM education  Comprehensive birth-grade 12 literacy initiative  Middle school and high school reform
  33. 33. The Dream ActStatus  Did not pass in 111th Congress.  Will be introduced by Sen. Richard Durbin (D-IL) and Rep. Howard Berman (D-CA) in April.  President has expressed support for bill in past.
  34. 34. What Will Get Done? Will partisanship rule the day?Will President be able to sign a new ESEA? Will WIA ever be introduced?