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Synthesis part ii
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Synthesis part ii



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  • 1. Synthesis Part II
    Developing and Organizing Support for Your Arguments
  • 2. Provide Evidence in the Form of Facts, Statistics and Expert Opinion
    Make sure to adopt a documentation style that is standard in your field. If you don’t know or have a style that is common, use MLA documentation style for this course.
  • 3. Appeal to Both Reason and Emotions
  • 4. Engage the Reader Emotionally by Appealing to Self Interest
    Erotomania can be defined as a psychological disorder in which the afflicted relentlessly pursues the notion that the object of his/her affection reciprocates his/her romantic feelings and/or fantasies. Strangely the erotomaniac fails altogether to see the victim's lack of interest.
  • 5. Use Climatic Order
    Make your strongest point last and the second most memorable point first.
  • 6. Use Logical or Conventional Order
    Two sides of a controversy
    Following the conventions of the discipline (lab reports, business plans and so forth)
  • 7. Present and Respond to Counterarguments
    Introduction and claim
    Main opposing argument
    Refutation of opposing argument
    Main positive argument
  • 8. Use Concession
    Introduction and claim
    Important opposing argument
    Concession of opposing argument validity
    Positive arguments
  • 9. The Comparison and Contrast Synthesis
  • 10. Compare: look for similarities
  • 11. Contrast: look for differences
  • 12. Discover the significant criteria for analysis
  • 13. How do you develop a comparison and contrast synthesis?
  • 14. Organizing by Source or Subject
    First, summarize each of your sources or subjects
    Next, discuss the significant similarities and differences between them
  • 15. Organization by Source Will Look Like This:
    1. Introduce the paper; lead to thesis
    2. Summarize the source of Subject A by discussing its significant features.
    3. Summarize the source of Subject B by discussing its significant features.
    4. Write a paragraph where you discuss the significant points of comparison and contrast between sources or subjects A & B
    5. End with a conclusion where you summarize your points and raise pertinent questions
  • 16. Organization by Criteria
    Introduce the paper and lead to the thesis
    2. Criterion 1: Discuss what author one says and discuss what author two says as a comparison and contrast or present what author one says and present author two in light of the first author’s opinion and present differences
    3. Criterion 2 and so forth, repeat the above step.
    4. End by summarizing key points and raising key pertinent questions
  • 17. Avoid the “So What” or “Why did I bother reading this” ending
    Conclusions should be meaningful to your reader.
    Comparison and contrast is not an ends to itself
    Raise pertinent questions
  • 18. Avoid Common Fallacies
  • 19. The Explanatory Synthesis: Help Readers Understand a Topic
  • 20. Divide a Component into Its Parts and Present Them to a Reader
  • 21. Description that recreates an event, place, emotion or state of affairs
  • 22. Appear to be reasonably objective in manner
  • 23. Emphasizes the sources themselves and not the writer’s opinions
  • 24. Goal is to inform and not to persuade
  • 25. Exercise
    Brainstorm of list of topics for the synthesis essay.
    Locate two sources of information for your essay.
    What type of synthesis will you develop? Explanatory or Argument?
    Explain your purpose?
    What is the “so what” factor that will conclude your essay?
    How will you organize your material?
    Post your answers in the form of an entry on your blog.