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Images of Christ Throughout History

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  1. 1. Images of Christ Adapted from - Gallery of the Passion . John T. Render, C.P., D. Min. Founder and Director of the Passionist Research Center
  2. 3. 2nd-7th century Age of Church Councils Nicene Creed – 325 AD
  3. 4. St. Bridget Cross <ul><li>500 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Cross for ordinary people who could not afford the precious metal crosses available. </li></ul>
  4. 5. 3RD century AD. Tagba, Israel, by the sea of Galilee – Rock Heart. For three centuries of Christianity Christians did not use the image of Christ on the Cross .
  5. 6. Loaves and Fishes <ul><li>4th century Church </li></ul><ul><li>Tagba, Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Near sea of Galilee </li></ul>
  6. 7. Chi-Rho <ul><li>4th/5th century - Wall of SS John and Paul, Rome. </li></ul>
  7. 8. 4 th or 5 th C Chi-Rho
  8. 9. ORANT -- PRAYER 4TH CENTURY - ROME <ul><li>SS John and Paul Church, an early house Church in Rome. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Greek and Latin version: Shepherd is the caretaker of the people. Christ says &quot;I am the Good Shepherd“, (Jn. 10-10) fulfilling the promise in Ez. 34.
  10. 11. Emergence of the Cross – 5 th or 6 th C. <ul><li>In combination with the &quot;Ankh“: hieroglyph centering around life or life force. </li></ul><ul><li>Coptic Christian symbol of life after death. </li></ul><ul><li>Key-like shape: represents belief that it could unlock the gates of death. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Earliest Face of Christ <ul><li>Shroud of Turin </li></ul><ul><li>5 th or 6 th Century </li></ul>
  12. 13. Face Not Made by Hands <ul><li>Early Church tradition that Christ’s Face existed on the Shroud or the Veil of Veronica. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread across the world in the early Church.  </li></ul><ul><li>The tradition of this Face is obviously from the Shroud ultimately.  Even the slip of hair down the middle of His forehead is repeated through the centuries </li></ul>
  13. 14. Roman Christ <ul><li>Face of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Identical to Emperor Constantine </li></ul><ul><li>Mosaic floor in St. Mary Hinton, England. </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded in a great Constantinian symbol the ‘chi-rho&quot; and has a pomegranate on each side: the symbol of lush salvation . </li></ul>
  14. 15. Oil Lamp <ul><li>Sixth and seventh century in the East </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol of Christ as the light of the world. </li></ul>
  15. 16. 6 th C Ivory Pyx & 7 th C Jewelry
  16. 17. 11 th – 16 th Century Medeival and Scholastic
  17. 18. Majestic Christ 8 th – 12 th Century <ul><li>Apocalyptic Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Three fingers joined: Faith in the Trinity. </li></ul><ul><li>Two fingers raised: Church's faith in the </li></ul><ul><li>divine and human </li></ul><ul><li>nature of Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine form of blessing. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Visigoth
  19. 20. Gold Cypriot reliquary Cross <ul><li>Greek words &quot;ZOE&quot; and &quot;PHOS&quot; in the form of a cross. Both words use the same &quot;O&quot;. &quot;LIFE&quot; and &quot;LIGHT&quot; are the two English words involved. </li></ul>
  20. 21. 13 th C: Crucifixion on Shield <ul><li>This is a Crucifixion scene on a shield.  It was done in gold enamel on copper.  Its purpose is imaged in the soldiers at the foot of the Cross. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Stained Glass Crucifixion <ul><li>France - late 12th century. </li></ul><ul><li>13th century French Church - Christ on the Cross.  </li></ul><ul><li>Sun and moon show the influence of the redemption on all reality. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Medeival Theology of Atonement Focus on Christ’s Passion
  23. 24. 13 th C Gothic Crucifix <ul><li>The head bowed as far as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes closed </li></ul><ul><li>Body bent like a bow </li></ul><ul><li>One nail through both feet.  </li></ul>
  24. 25. Christ the King
  25. 26. From Icon to Portrait God and Man
  26. 27. Born of the Virgin, Mary
  27. 28. St. Francis of Assisi 1182-1226 and the Human Jesus
  28. 29. 15th century Flemish artist, Jan van Eyck <ul><li>Jewish Christ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ihesus via IHS veritas Ihesus veritas” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jesus the way. Jesus the truth. Jesus the life”. </li></ul>
  29. 30. 16 th – 20 th Century Doctrine of the Trinity
  30. 31. The Lord Almighty 15 th C – 17 th C
  31. 32. 17 th C Trinity
  32. 33. Lamb of God <ul><li>18 th Century church </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament - sign of sacrifice and redemption </li></ul><ul><li>Substituted for Isaac when Abraham would have killed him </li></ul>