Online Interaction Abdullah Alruhaimi December 2008
Five Generation of Distance Education
Correspondence Study (1878)
Open universities (1964)
Internet-Based virtual classes (1992)
Definition of Online Interaction
Wagner defined interaction in distance learning as an interplay and exchange in which individuals and groups influence each other.
Moore defined interaction in distance learning as “two way communication among two or more persons for purposes of explaining and challenging perspectives”
Methods in Distance Learning are Divided into Two Types. Synchronous Asynchronous Video conference E-mail and board discussion Telephone CD and DVD chatting Static web pages Audio-conference Fax Web-conference Textbooks and handouts
Most of the studies show that high levels of interaction generate high quality of learning and high levels of satisfaction.
In 1980, Moore developed the theory of Transactional Distance.
Moore stated three forms of interaction in distance learning:
Moore’s forms of interaction
Anderson and Garrison (1998) added three more forms of interaction in distance learning
The Content-Content Interaction
I added eight form of interaction in distance learning
Students-Teacher- Facilitator Interaction
Moore and Kearsley (2005) said that interaction is developed and utilized in distance education course instruction is dependent upon factors such as the instructor’s philosophy of instruction.
Multiple Intelligences Theory Gardner believed that we should not use the same methods and strategies for teaching and assessing all students.
Vygotsky ZPD “ Through others, we become ourselves.” “ What children can do with the assistance of others might be in some sense even more indicative of their mental development than what they can do alone.” Zone of Proximal Development Learner’s Current Ability
Internet tools Mastering internet tools will help the instructor to increase the level of interactions.
In conclusion We cannot use the traditional theories in online learning without using internet tools and technologies. On the other hand, we cannot use internet tools and technologies in online learning without educational theories. But we have to integrate between the educational theories and the internet tools and technologies to achieve high level of interaction.