Review of post-harvest systems in IFAD projects


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Review of post-harvest systems in IFAD projects

  1. 1. Post-harvest systems in IFAD projects – A Review Joy S. Afenyo Consultant, PTA Wafaa El-Khoury Senior Technical Advisor, PTA10/04/12
  2. 2. Introduction y 2050 agricultural production must double to support 9 bn people lobally 1/3 of food produced gets lost or wasted; more than 40% of losses prior to consumption in DCs ncrease in production may not be sufficient if not supported by a reduction in the losses10/04/12
  3. 3. Post-harvest in IFAD Policies he issues have been captured in key policy documents trategic frameworks (SF) 2002-2006, 2007-2010, 2011-2015 and various policy documents ome COSOPS tress the need to improve on post-production systems and support small farmers with appropriate technologies10/04/12
  4. 4. Post-harvest in Field Activities Review of projects Online survey and direct discussions with some CPMs/Programme officers Field mission10/04/12
  5. 5. ProjectsProjects with post-harvest activities - 2008 and 2011  Between 2000 and 2010, roughly 30% of IFAD projects invested in post-harvest activities; 2008 to 2011, 50%  ↑No. of projects developing value chains (3% 1999 -46% presently) Data Sources: IFAD Project Portfolio Management System ( PPMS), IFAD xdesk. 201110/04/12
  6. 6. Case Study 1Project:Grenada Rural Enterprises Development Project (GREP) 2002-2009DescriptionComponent: Enterprise Development (2 sub-components)Sub-component - marketing and processing : marketing infrastructure,processing equipment, training (quality control in fresh and processedagricultural produce etc.), storage and handling facilities for produce.IssuesThe project experienced some implementation challenges but notableissues with respect to post-production activities are:• Costs of component: Original 20% ; Actual –end of project 6.6%•Weak technical capacity at project management level to implementthe sub-component activities•Lack of clarity at project design about the sub-component activities10/04/12
  7. 7. Case Study 2 Rwanda - KWAMP (Maize)10/04/12
  8. 8. RwandaPost-harvest management: A top priority for the Government and the IFADCountry ProgrammeChallengesPost-harvest infrastructure and management capacity arvest season overlapping with rainy/planting season: moisture related spoilage issues rying shed provided: key concerns • Distances of facilities from farms • Suitability of provided sheds • Management: high farmer to shed ratio hort storage period due to insect infestation and limited storage technologies at household and cooperative levels imited knowledge and management capacity of individual10/04/12 and common infrastructure
  9. 9. Suggested technologies DRYING STORAGE10/04/12
  10. 10. Outcome ost-harvest food loss reduction and management issues are high on the IFAD agenda however more needs to be done to translate policies into practical and successful interventions in the field ecommendation FAD projects with production/markets orientation continue to include activities addressing post-harvest constraints10/04/12
  11. 11. Actions for Consideration1. Awareness raising on the value of losses2. Development of M&E system and relevant indicators for losses in projects (RIMS) and the capacity to measure them3. Capacity development of farmers, FOs, national project implementation partners etc. in post-harvest systems (technical and managerial)4. Knowledge sharing : South-South and North-South exchanges to capture and share knowledge “experiential knowledge”5. Partnerships and private sector engagement10/04/12
  12. 12. Partnerships AO - “Global initiative on food loss and waste reduction” orld Food Programme (WFP) FID - Innovations Mainstreaming Initiative (IMI) mallholder Post-harvest Innovations Project (SPIP) Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC – “Global Programme Food Security” GIAR Centres (IRRI, CIMMYT, etc)10/04/12