THE COLD WAR: BEGINNINGSDone by: Layanne Nayfeh, Alia al Hosani, Amal al Eidani
WHAT WAS THE COLD WAR? The Cold War was the continuing state from roughly 1946 – 1991of political conflict, military tension and economic competitionbetween the communist world and the western world. There were twosides: • The U.S and its allies • The Soviet Union and the Satellite States
COMMUNISM A social, political, and economic ideology that aims at theestablishment of a classless, moneyless, stateless, society based oncommon ownership of the means of production. (tools used toproduce wealth)
WHAT WERE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RUSSIA AND AMERICA AT THE END OF WW1 Russia wanted to spread communism and control the world. Stalin,Russia’s ruler wanted to keep Germany weak and divided, and he wantedto leave his troops in East Germany, so they could “defend” him from thewest. The countries that he decided to keep under his reign were calledthe satellite states, they too were forced to become communist countries. Truman, America’s leader wanted to end communism and spreaddemocracy. He wanted to make Europe free and strong again.
After Stalin made it clear that he wasn’t planning on retrieving his troops from East Europe, Truman and Churchill met at the Fulton College in Missouri, where Churchill stated that “an iron curtain has descended across the continent [Europe]”. By this he meant that Europe was being split in two. To the east was the Soviet Union, and the satellite states, and to the west lied the Allies. The satellite states included: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria. The Allies were: Ireland, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, West Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, and Portugal.
H OW D I D P R E S I D E N T T RU M A N R E S P O N D T O T H E S OV I E T D O M I N AT I O N O F E A S T E R N EUROPE? At Potsdam Stalin refused to make a commitment to allow freeelections in Eastern Europe. This left Truman believing that the SU wasplanning world conquest, and that the alliance with the SU was fallingapart. This angered Truman and he, like Churchill, wanted to put an endto the SU’s spreading of communism. So he issued the Truman Doctrine,which stated that the US would aid countries struggling against thecommunist movement, in effort to apply the containment idealism.
W H A T W E R E T H E C A U S E S A N D R E S U LT S O F S TA L I N ’ S B L O C K AG E O F B E R L I N ? Stalin was determined to capture Berlin and keep it from joining theAllies, so he stopped all highway, railway, and water traffic from westGermany into West Berlin. This way, West Berlin would have no means ofcommunication and would fall to the communists. In response the US and Great Britain supplied West Berlin throughmassive airlifts. Food, fuel, medical supplies, clothes, and toys were flowninto the city for its residents. This was known as the Berlin Airlift. Seeing that he lost, Joseph Stalin lifted the blockage off West Berlin.