Causes of the cold war

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Causes of the cold war

  1. 1. The Cold War A whole lot of nothing. -or- The closest humans have ever come to extinction.
  2. 2. “ Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush our enemies.” Mao Tse-tung
  3. 3. A shadow has fallen upon the scene so lately lighted by the Allied victory… An iron curtain has descended across the continent. Winston Churchill
  4. 6. What was the Cold War? <ul><li>Hostility without fighting </li></ul><ul><li>US & USSR try to spread political & economic influence </li></ul><ul><li>Both form military alliances, carry on an arms race and support opposing sides in civil wars </li></ul>
  5. 7. What was the Truman Doctrine? $$$$
  6. 8. <ul><li>Truman’s attempt to limit the spread of Communism </li></ul><ul><li>US provides dollars to nations where poverty makes Communism look good </li></ul><ul><li>$$$$ makes the US more influential than any other before </li></ul>
  7. 9. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan?
  8. 10. <ul><li>Provided $$$$ in aid for rebuilding </li></ul><ul><li>USSR & its satellites refused aid </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe rebuilds and does not become communist </li></ul>
  9. 11. If the US stayed out of alliances for 150 years, why did it join NATO?
  10. 12. <ul><li>North Atlantic Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction to the Soviet goal of spreading communist revolution </li></ul><ul><li>NATO protected members from communist aggression </li></ul><ul><li>USSR & satellites formed the Warsaw Pact </li></ul>
  11. 13. How did the end of WWII intensify US/USSR tensions? <ul><li>USSR occupied Baltic nations </li></ul><ul><li>Militarization of Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets don’t leave Berlin or East Germany due to “instability” </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Blockade </li></ul>
  12. 14. What impact did the Communist takeover of China have on the US?
  13. 15. What impact did the Communist takeover of China have on the US? <ul><li>Asia became one more place the US had to fight communism </li></ul><ul><li>Was seen as proof that communists were trying to take over the world </li></ul>
  14. 16. What events in Korea set it up for future problems?
  15. 17. <ul><li>Occupied by the Japanese from 1910-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Jointly occupied by the US & USSR, until elections </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic elections in the South </li></ul><ul><li>North becomes Communist </li></ul><ul><li>Both claim to be the only real Korea </li></ul>

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