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Cold War, What was it? Day 1


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Cold War, What was it? Day 1

  1. 1. Quick Write 3-2-10 <ul><li>What do you know about the Cold War? What was it? When was it? How long did it last? Who was it fought between? How was it fought? Who won? If you don’t know a particular answer, listen when we review and write it down. </li></ul>
  2. 2. What was the Cold War? 1945-1991
  3. 3. What was the Cold War? True or False 13.1-13.2
  4. 4. True or False The Cold War was a war fought in the snow. United States vs. Soviet Union USA vs USSR
  5. 5. True or False The Cold War forced the world to choose sides creating a tense atmosphere
  6. 6. True or False Cold War ended with Stalin’s death in 1953
  7. 7. True or False Soviet Union only pretended to have atomic weapons
  8. 8. True or False The Iron Curtain was a physical barrier that separated the European continent
  9. 9. <ul><li>After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion </li></ul><ul><li>Their political differences created a climate of icy tension that plunged the two countries into an era of bitter rivalry known as the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>The rivalry between the two superpowers led to and many indirect (proxy) wars. </li></ul><ul><li>There was never a direct military engagement between the US and the Soviet Union, but there was half a century of military buildup as well as political battles for support around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions lasted until the break up of the USSR in the early 1990’s </li></ul>The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 The Cold War 1945-1991 What was the Cold War?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Based on the information provided on the last slide, your group will create a short skit re-enacting the Cold War tensions between the US and the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>You have 10 minutes to prepare </li></ul>Cold War Skit
  11. 11. <ul><li>At the heart of the tension was a fundamental difference in political systems </li></ul>POLITICAL DIFFERENCES Capitalism & Democracy Communism & Totalitarianism VS
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ An economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>land, factories, railroads, and businesses private property does not exist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all goods and services are to be shared equally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No social classes </li></ul></ul>Idealized Communism
  13. 13. Peasants Communists Military leaders Business managers Everyone is EQUAL Communism Invisioned by Marx
  14. 15. <ul><li>Totalitarianism- form of government in which the national government takes control of all aspects of both public and private life </li></ul><ul><li>There still are social classes </li></ul>Soviet Union Communism
  15. 16. Soviet Society Under Stalin Communists Military Leaders Business Managers Peasants Communism in the USSR Just because you call something equal doesn’t mean it is!
  16. 17. Communism
  17. 18. <ul><li>How was the idea of communism different from reality? </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>Although there weren’t supposed to be classes, there were in the Soviet system. </li></ul><ul><li>People are supposed to be in power, but in reality they were oppressed. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>America is a democracy that has </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a capitalist economic system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>competing political parties </li></ul></ul>The United States of America
  19. 20. <ul><li>“ An economic system in which money is invested with the goal of making more money (profit).” </li></ul>“ One million dollars!” Capitalism
  20. 22. Capitalism vs. Communism What do I wanna be, when I grow up?
  21. 23. The choice is not yours
  22. 24. vs. Capitalism vs. Communism
  23. 25. Capitalism vs. Communism vs.
  24. 26. Capitalism vs. Communism vs.
  25. 27. vs. Democracy vs. Communism
  26. 28. Remember the ism...
  27. 29. Communist Countries
  28. 30. Castro Hu Janito Stalin Kim Jong II
  29. 31. <ul><li>Harry Truman Joseph Stalin </li></ul>The Cold war tension started between VS Cold War Origins
  30. 32. <ul><li>Even during the war, the two nations disagreed on many issues </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. was furious that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin had been an ally of Hitler for a time </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin was upset that the U.S. had kept its development of the atomic bomb a secret </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet leaders believed that capitalists countries would eventually try to destroy communism </li></ul><ul><li>The leaders of capitalists countries believed that communism would eventually spread and that it should be controlled. </li></ul>Why is There Distrust?
  31. 33. <ul><li>At the Yalta Conference, the allies agreed to divide Germany and Berlin into four zones. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany would pay war reparations with goods instead of cash. </li></ul>Yalta Confrence Germany is divided
  32. 34. <ul><li>How was the Yalta Conference different from Versailles? </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>Germany was split up and occupied </li></ul><ul><li>Germany paid back in goods, not cash </li></ul>
  33. 36. <ul><li>The allies ( including Stalin) agreed to allow the people to create democratic institutions of their own choice and to choose the form of government under which they will live. </li></ul><ul><li>The allies also promised free elections of govt.responsive to the will of the people. </li></ul>Allies Agree Germany Free elections
  34. 37. <ul><li>Stalin installed “satellite” communist governments in the Eastern European countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and East Germany </li></ul><ul><li>This after promising “free elections” for Eastern Europe at the Yalta Conference (So… he lied) </li></ul>In a 1946 speech, Stalin said communism and capitalism were incompatible – and another war was inevitable Satillite Nations
  35. 38. <ul><li>What promise did Stalin break in Eastern Europe? </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>He promised to hold free, democratic elections but instead appointed communist leaders </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>Europe was now divided into two political regions; a mostly democratic Western Europe and a communist Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>In a 1946 speech, Churchill said, “An iron curtain has descended across the continent” </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase “iron curtain” came to stand for the division of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>“ An iron curtain has descended across the continent” </li></ul>The Iron Curtain “ An iron curtain has descended across the continent”
  37. 40. The Iron Curtain <ul><li>No physical barrier was created that separated the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Term Iron Curtain was just a symbolic divide between Communist and Non-Communist countries </li></ul>
  38. 41. <ul><li>-Idea: If the U.S. could prevent the Soviets from expanding, their system would eventually fall apart. </li></ul><ul><li>-This led to the “containment policy”: keep communism from spreading by diplomatic, economic, and military force. </li></ul>Containment Policy We need to keep Communism from Spreading! George Kennan
  39. 42. <ul><li>In August of 1946, the Soviets were trying to establish communists govts. In Greece and Turkey . </li></ul><ul><li>Truman asked congress for $400 million to help fight communist aggressions via military and economic aid. </li></ul><ul><li>In the long run, it pledged the U.S. to fight communism worldwide. </li></ul>Remember Greasy Turkey Truman Doctrine
  40. 43. <ul><li>The Truman Doctrine set forth the idea of containment. Explain containment in your own words. </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>Stop communism from spreading </li></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><li>In June of 1947, Sec.of State George Marshall proposed economic aid to all European nations rebuilding their economies. </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe began to recover and weakened the “appeal” of Communism. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, new markets for trade were opened. </li></ul>Marshall Plan
  42. 46. <ul><li>What were two goals/reasons for the Marshall Plan? </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>Give cash to help war-torn countries rebuild </li></ul><ul><li>Stop the spread of communism </li></ul>
  43. 47. <ul><li>The U.S., Great Britain, and France decided to merge their zones and allow the Germans to have their own govt. </li></ul><ul><li>West Berlin was also merged and became part of West Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviets still controlled what became known as East Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the whole of Germany, the city of Berlin was divided into four zones </li></ul>West Germany
  44. 48. <ul><li>In June of 1948, the Soviets closed all access to W. Berlin. For the next 11 months, Truman sent cargo planes to drop food, supplies, medicine, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Realizing they were beaten and suffering a public relations nightmare Stalin lifted the blockade in May of 1949. </li></ul>The Berlin Airlift
  45. 50. <ul><li>The Berlin blockade increased Western Europe’s fear of Soviet aggression </li></ul><ul><li>As a result in April of 1949, the U.S. formed a military alliance with W. Europe: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. </li></ul><ul><li>NATO members agreed to aid any member that was attacked. </li></ul><ul><li>This organization originally had 12 countries. Today NATO has 26 members. </li></ul>NATO
  46. 52. <ul><li>The decision to form NATO alarmed the Soviets. </li></ul><ul><li>In response, they formed a military alliance in Eastern Europe known as the Warsaw Pact. </li></ul><ul><li>By the mid 1950’s, two powerful military alliances were facing each other in Europe. </li></ul>The Warsaw Pact
  47. 54. <ul><li>NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>USA, France, Great Britain, </li></ul><ul><li>West Germany </li></ul><ul><li>CAPITALISM </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>Warsaw Pact – pro Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR. </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNISM </li></ul>Two sides of Cold War
  48. 55. <ul><li>How were the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO all similar in their goals? </li></ul>Checking for Understanding <ul><li>They were all created in reaction to Soviet communism and stopping its spread. </li></ul>
  49. 56. <ul><li>Harry Truman Joseph Stalin </li></ul>The Cold War rivalry between the two superpower unfolded into multiple arenas: military, espionage, sports industrial, and technological developments VS Cold War Competition
  50. 57. <ul><li>United States History </li></ul><ul><li>Use page 635 in your book </li></ul><ul><li>Label all and color all communist countries in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Label and color all non communist countries </li></ul><ul><li>MARK the “Iron Curtain” </li></ul><ul><li>Color code your map and label in the Key Box </li></ul><ul><li>ON BACK </li></ul><ul><li>Write the Causes and Effects of the Cold War (pg 636 ) </li></ul>Map Activity 30 minutes to finish