Done by: Fatima Al Mansoori And Sara Al Jassmi Grade: 9c Cold War Beginnings
Terms <ul><li>The cold war was the continuing state from roughly 1946 to 1991 of political conflict, military tension and economic competition between the communist world and the western world. </li></ul><ul><li>Truman doctrine is a policy set forth by president Truman in a on march 12, 1947 stating that the U.S. Would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent those countries falling into the soviet sphere. Often consider it as the start of the cold war. </li></ul><ul><li>Communism is a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of a classless, moneyless, stateless society based on common ownership of the means of production. </li></ul>
Terms <ul><li>Satellite State is small country controlled by a more powerful neighbor </li></ul><ul><li>Iron Curtain is imaginary barrier separating Soviet-controlled countries and the free world </li></ul><ul><li>Containment is American policy to keep communism contained within its existing borders </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall Plan is U.S. aid program to help Western Europe rebuild after World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Airlift is operation in which the U.S. and Britain broke the Soviet blockade of West Berlin </li></ul>
Differences Between America and Russia The United States was a capitalist democracy. Its citizens believed in free elections, economic, and religious freedom, private property, and respect of individual differences. The Soviet Union was a dictatorship. The Communist Party made all key economic, political, and military decisions.
President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe <ul><li>The nations of Eastern Europe and the eastern part of Germany became satellite states of the Soviet Union, separated from the free world by an “iron curtain.” </li></ul><ul><li>With the Truman Doctrine, the U.S. promised to support and aid nations struggling against communist movements. </li></ul>
Truman Doctrine Money was sent to Greece and Turkey to provide aid to people who needed it. Truman doctrine fight communism and help the nations that are struggling.
The causes and results of Stalin’s blockage of Berlin <ul><li>Stalin was determined to capture West Berlin or win other concessions from the Western allies. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin stopped all highway, railway, and waterway traffic from western Germany into West Berlin but he could not block the sky. Without any means of receiving aid, West Berlin would fall to the communists. </li></ul><ul><li>For almost a year, the US and Britain supplied West Berlin through a massive airlift. Food, fuel, medical supplies, clothing, toys-everything the residents of West Berlin needed was flown into the city. </li></ul>