WW1 or The Great war was a war that occurred from 1914-1918, and it was centred it Europe. It was a difficult war and claimed millions of lives. It left a great scar on earth, but what factors led to this war and made it start in the first place? Let’s find out.
These are the main causes of WW1: Imperialism Alliances Militarism Nationalism Bosnian Crisis and Moroccan crisis Immediate cause: Assassination of Archduke Franz FerdinandLet’s find out what each of these mean and howthey helped WW1 to start.
Imperialism is when a country increases its wealth and power by invading more land. By 1900, British Empire was ruling colonies that were over five continent, and France had control of large areas in Africa. At that time, industry was in rise and countries needed new markets, therefore Some countries wanted to expand their land because that way they could have more land and resources. The British felt endangered by Germanys fast economic growth. That was When some countries in Europe like Germany and Italy felt jealous and felt that they needed to expand their land and conquer more land somehow, because they didn’t have a lot of land. Germany only had some small areas in Africa.
We all know that you are stronger if you have support. Countries in Europe had signed treaties with some other countries, because they thought that making alliances would promote peace; each country would be protected by its allied countries in case of war. Countries thought that if they had protection, the enemy countries would be afraid to attack them. This helped the WW1 to start, because it made the war a global crisis instead of just a local one, because when you attacked a country, your allies and that countries allies would be in the war, too. countries had no option but to declare war if one of their allies, declared war first. Canada entered the war, because she was an ally of
The countries of the Allies in WW1 included Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal and Montenegro. The countries of the Central Powers in WW1 included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. The alliance system helped cause WW1, for example, one of the main reasons for the British Empire to enter WW1 was to support its ally, Belgium. Belgium was attacked by Germany.
Militarism is when the military force of a country gets a lot of attention from the government, in the other words, when the government of a country helps economically to improve the military force. At that period of time in Europe, there was a big competition to have bigger armies and navies. At period of time(1900s), there was an arm race between some countries in Europe (the countries wanted to have more weapons and fighting sources. The armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914. Countries like Germany were upgrading their armed forces. That made a fear of being attacked in some countries. Some countries contributed in the war and agreed to war and helped attack other countries, because they feared that if they didn’t do it, they would be attacked themselves by the military force of other countries. Germany had the biggest increase in the military. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in that period of time. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved to war.
Nationalism is when you become a very strong protector in a country’s rights and interests. Nationalism was probably the biggest cause of WW1. It makes people become proud of their country. Countries built up their armies, added more weapons for more power, to show that they were better or deserved respect from the other countries. Countries wanted to have independence. Some countries entered the war because they didn’t want to be under another country or Empire’s power. For example, the most important reason for Serbia to enter WW1 was that she didn’t want to be part of the Austria- Hungary Empire anymore and wanted to be its own country.
In 1908, Austria -Hungary took over Bosnia which is a country located in Southern Europe. This made the Serbians angry, because they felt that Bosnia should be theirs. Therefore, Serbia threatened Austria-Hungary with war. Russia ,allied to Serbia prepared its forces. Germany, allied with Austria-Hungary prepared to threaten Russia. War didn’t happen when Russia backed down. In 1911, after a war in Balkhans which is located in southeastern Europe, problems between Serbia and Austria - Hungary became even more high. All of this violent problems led to the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria- Hungary by a Serbian terrorist organization.
In 1904 Morocco which is a country located in North Africa had been given to France by Britain, but the Moroccans wanted their independence. In 1905, Germany announced her support for Moroccan independence. Germany was against the fact that France had power over Morocco. There was no real reason. Germany just wanted to humiliate and weaken the French. This made France very angry and made the relationship between France and Germany even worse.
In June 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Royal Prince of Hungary) and his pregnant wife Sophie while they were in Sarajevo, Bosnia which was part of Austria-Hungary. This was in protest to Austria-Hungary having control of Bosnia. Serbia wanted to take over Bosnia and Herzegovina. This assassination led to Austria- Hungary declaring war on Serbia. The Austro- Hungarians decided to attack Serbia to get revenge for the assassination. When Russia began to prepare its army due to its alliance with Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia. Allied countries had to support each other in the war and WW1 began. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was not an actual cause. It was just something that made all those factors come to play.
Almost no countries expected this war to last this long, cost so much, be so devastating and claim so many lives, but WW1 happened anyways. Germany lost so much in WW1. This country wouldn’t want to be at war if she knew what the results and casualties are going to be. WW1 happened only to gain power, gain power by killing. Humans killed each other for power. In our opinion, Power was the biggest cause of WW1 and maybe the only one. We predict that nowadays or in the future, nothing can cause another word war, because WW1 and WW2 taught everyone something: A world war brings nothing but lost lives and disadvantage for almost all countries that are involved in it.