Australia physical

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Australia physical

  1. 1. GeographicFeatures ofAustralia
  2. 2. I. Australia’s PoliticalFeatures
  3. 3. Australia…Is divided into 2 territories and 6 states:States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia,Western Australia, New South Wales,QueenslandTerritories: Northern Territory andAustralian Capital Territory
  4. 4. TasmaniaIsland off the southeast coast of themainlandAlmost ½ is unspoiled land that isprotected by the government
  5. 5. Tasmanian Devil?
  6. 6. VictoriaState closest to TasmaniaSoutheast part of the mainlandCapital is Melbourne; it’s the mosturban state in AustraliaThe many rivers of the region are agood source of fresh water for farming
  7. 7. South AustraliaState in south-central AustraliaThe Great Victoria Desert is locatedhere…
  8. 8. Western AustraliaLargest state; makes up 1/3rd of themainlandMost of Western Australia is desert(Great Victoria Desert and GreatSandy Desert are located here)
  9. 9. Gr eat Sandy Deser t
  10. 10. New South WalesNorth of Victoria, on the eastern coastHas more people than any otherAustralian stateThe capital, Sydney, is the mostpopulated city in Australia -- 3 1/2 millionpeople live there!Australian Capital Territory is locatedhere
  11. 11. Sydney, New Sout hWal es
  12. 12. QueenslandSecond largest state; 7 times the size ofEngland!In the northeastern part of the mainlandGreat Barrier Reef is located off the coast inthe Coral SeaMore than half of Queensland’s populationlives in the capital: Brisbane
  13. 13. Brisbane
  14. 14. Northern TerritoryNorthern coast of the mainland,between Western Australia andQueenslandLargest population of Aborigines inAustralia
  15. 15. Australian Capital TerritoryLocated in New South WalesThe national capital, Canberra,is located here
  16. 16. Canber r a ( Aust r al i a’ sCapi t al )
  17. 17. II. Australia’s PhysicalFeatures
  18. 18. Australia…The world’s smallest and flattest continent…Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soilsOnly Antarctica receives less rainfall!Commonwealth of Australia also includesTasmania, an island south of the mainlandIt’s surrounded by the Indian and PacificOceans
  19. 19. Huge desert plains stretch across thecountry’s middle--central Australia’sclimate is hot and dryMilder climates along the southeasternand southwestern coastsMost Australians live in the southeasterncoastal region
  20. 20. Great Barrier ReefWorld’s largest coral reef!Lies off the northeast coast ofQueensland--over 1,200 miles longContains an amazing variety of marinelife, including the world’s largest collectionof coral400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish, &4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid)Also includes rare species like the sea cow andthe large green turtle
  21. 21. Gr eat Bar r i er Reef f r omspace
  22. 22. Coral SeaAn important source of coral for the GreatBarrier ReefPart of the Pacific OceanOff the northeast coast of AustraliaWhen the earth’s crust moved millions of yearsago, it created the Coral Sea and theGreat Dividing Range (largest mountain rangein Australia)Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousandsof miles of ocean--no one lives on the islandsexcept for a small group of weather specialists
  23. 23. Ayers RockA huge, reddish rock in the center ofAustraliaVery close to the geographic center of thecontinent…It’s a monolith, which is a single, large rocksticking out of the earthAppears reddish because its iron content“rusts” at the surfaceNearly 12 stories high and almost 6 mileswide!
  24. 24. Ayers RockAborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its officialnameEuropean surveyor visited the rock in 1873and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, anEnglish government official in SouthAustraliaIn 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata TjutaNational Park around Ayers RockBoth are located in the southwest corner of thestate called Northern Territory
  25. 25. Great Victoria DesertStretches through the states of SouthAustralia and Western AustraliaReceives only 8 to 10 inches of raineach year, and it never snows!Some grasslands in the desert alongwith sandhills and salt
  26. 26. Great Victoria DesertFirst Europeans to cross the desertnamed it after British QueenVictoria in 1875160,000 miles long & is a protectedwilderness areaVery few Australians live herebecause it’s too hot and dry

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