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IWRM Evaluation Result_Myanmar
 

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  • Good Morning, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen Thank you very much Mr. Chair for allow me to present the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Status and Challenges in Myanmar on behalf of Myanmar Water Partnership IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI 5/30/2011 WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • MmWP is a abbreviation used for Myanmar Water Partnership. It is a Country Water Partnership representing the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. MmWP is the one of the country member of the Regional Water Partnership: Global Water Partnership – South East Asia (GWP-SEA). MmWP has established since 2007 as Country Water Partnership (Interim Stage). Irrigation Department from MOAI is served as a host institution for MmWP. WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review 5/30/2011 IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI
  • Thank you very much for your attention 5/30/2011 WASH Workshop for the NGO Consultation on the Requirements in a Sector Review IWRM Status and Challenges in Myanmar by Zaw Lwin Tun, Director, Irrigation Department, MOAI

IWRM Evaluation Result_Myanmar IWRM Evaluation Result_Myanmar Presentation Transcript

  • Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA 2000-2010 in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects Country Report on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in Myanmar 2000-2010 in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspect s Hla Baw , Deputy Director General (Retd.) Irrigation Department, MOAI www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Scope of Information Required
    • (1) National Overview
    • (2) National Water Resources Policy
    • (3) National Water Legislation Framework
    • (4) Institutional Framework
    • (5) Water Resources Status
    • (6) Country Investment in WRDM – 2000-2010
    • (7) Burning issues, Hot Spots and Critical challenges
    • (8) The Way Forward
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • PART I : National Overview
    • Location of the country - Lat 9°55’ and 28°15’W
    • - Long 92°10’ and 101°10’E
    • Area - 676577 km 2
    • Administrative Regions - (7) States and (7) Regions
    • Population - 58.377 million
    • Growth Rate - 1.32%
    • Rural Population - 69%
    • G.D.P - 10.1% (2008-2009)
    • Labour Force - 61.2 %
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Administrative Boundaries of Myanmar
    • For
    • (7) States and (7) Regions and also for
    • (63) Districts
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  •  
  • Annual Surface and Groundwater Potential in Myanmar www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • PART II : National Water Resources Policy
    • Policy for :
    • Agricultural Sector
    • Irrigation development and efficient utilization of nation’s water resources
    • Watershed conservation
    • Environmental conservation
    • Environmental health
    • Forest, wildlife, wild plants and forest ecosystem
    • Water resources management
    • Poverty eradication
    • Energy policy
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • PART III : National Water Legislation Framework
    • No specific WRM law.
    • The first law on water pollution, the penal code was enacted in 1860.
    • Most of existing laws and legislations were enacted before the year 2000.
    • Conservation of Water Resources and River Law was the only one enacted in 2006.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Need to
    • Develop an appropriate legislation for extraction of groundwater.
    • Review & need to make it more environmentally sensitive.
    • Enforcement of legislation.
    • Develop regulations, guidelines, laws and new legislations such as EIA, SIA legislation for project impact analysis.
    • Develop regulations, laws and guidelines to share the water rights or water management.
    • Develop regulations, laws and guidelines for sharing of border rivers, trans-boundary rivers and also for international waterways.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • PART IV : Institutional Framework
    • Institutional bodies for
    • Water resources utilization
    • Protection of water quality
    • Environmental affairs
    • International cooperation
    • National Apex body for Water Resources Management
    • Human Resources, Education and Training
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Outstanding Institutional Issues
    • Weak of coordination & collaboration between agencies within the sector and with those of other sectors.
    • Inadequate communication and coordination between the national agencies and authorities.
    • There is no coordination body for evaluation and controlling to implement water resources development works.
    • Necessary to have well organized Water User Association (WUA) for saving water and effectives management of supply.
    • Lack of education in grass - root level and weak in awareness program and dissemination of knowledge.
    • Lack of River Basin Organization (RBO) for conflict solution .
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • PART V : Water Resources Status
    • ( a) Water Resources Condition
    • Watershed Condition
    • River Condition
    • Water Quality
    • Floods
    • Impact of Climate Change
    • (b) Water demand, Water use and Water Resources Development
    • Water for DMI
    • Water for food
    • Flood Management
    • Sanitation
    • Hydropower
    • Navigation
    • Fishery, Tourism & Recreation
    • Climate Change Adaptation
    • Demand Management
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Water Resources Condition
    • Forest cover of country is decreased to 52% in 1998 and 47% in 2010.
    • A number of water resources facilities such as dams, bridges and pumping facilities has been emerging in Myanmar river systems.
    • Myanmar drinking water standard was drafted in 1990 and WHO & USDA standard are applied as reference. Controlling, monitoring and surveying works are being conducting by concerned agencies.
    • Implemented a long term prevention measures and emergency relief measures of unexpected extreme condition such as flood and drought.
    • Flood and drought occurred in some areas and unusual storms such as Mala, Nargis and Giri devastated in recent years due to climate change event.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Water Demand, Water Use and Water Resources Development
    • Increased in irrigation facilities and irrigated area, and also cropping intensity increased to 171% in 2008-2009.
    • Paddy production increased 21 million ton in 2000-2001 to 32.1 million ton in 2008-2009.
    • Constructed flood protection embankments and sluice gates for controlling flood and formed Flood Disaster Management Committee.
    • Formed Flood Management Committee at national level and also cooperation with ASEAN countries in the region.
    • Implemented projects for rural water supply, safe drinking water supply and water supply and sanitation projects in 14 States and Regions.
    • Hydropower sector, navigation, fishery and tourism sector are also developed as water resources development is accelerated .
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Points to be considered for adaptation of climate change
    • To conduct coordination works at grass - root level.
    • To prepare works for the forth coming storms according to the past experiences such as cyclone Mala, Nargis and Giri, and also to prepare the hazard maps.
    • To collect climate data and analyze these data with long term historic records and compare with present trends of climate.
    • Reconsider the cropping calendar and types of crops according to the changes of rainfall pattern in specific area.
    • To review height of embankments in low land areas for flood protection according to the rising of water level due to sedimentation process and rising of sea water level due to global warming.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Continued
    • To review the river flow of extreme condition (Flood & Drought) that influences by the melting of ice and snow in upper reach of mountainous area.
    • To review/analyze urban drainage facilities and drainages situated in agriculture lands with changing of rainfall intensity and patterns accordingly. Reconsider the previous design of drainage module and existing facilities together with present rainfall intensity.
    • To substitute slash & burn practice of cultivation in hilly regions with terrace farming, slopping agriculture and contour cultivation to protect top soil erosion & sedimentation problem.
    • To strengthen and renovate the rain water harvesting tanks in dry zone area to increase storage capacity of reservoirs for local community for more domestic use and agriculture use.
    • To find out new water resources as groundwater for domestic use and agriculture use at available regions.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Continued
    • To conduct awareness programs and continuous capacity building programs at different level including decision makers and community based societies to adapt the climate change.
    • To install communication and information network properly and make easily and effectively access for community and to use media as important tool for enhancing awareness.
    • To establish road network properly for transportation and emergency measures.
    • To establish early warning systems and to install sea water level gauges for necessary preventive measures and monitoring purpose.
    • To prepare Disaster Preparedness Programme in village level, township level and national level .
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Continued
    • To seek fund and allocate budget for implementation works for adaptation of climate change.
    • To collaborate and cooperate with international organizations, INGOs, and NGOs for the relief and resettlement works after the disaster devastated.
    • To introduce water saving technology, rain water harvesting technique, crop-water relation and consider for future plan.
    • To formulate priority adaptation measures, impacts and vulnerability assessment are required for distinct water users.
    • Need to be developed adaptation options for distinct water users.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Demand Management
    • Water use efficiency
    • Irrigation efficiency at present is about 40%.
    • Domestic water use efficiency is also 70% in Mandalay and 50% to 40% in Yangon city.
    • Water distribution system in Myanmar is mainly based on supply management.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Necessary measures for increasing water use efficiency
    • User participation is essential.
    • To conduct awareness programs and educational programs.
    • To enhance knowledge and knowhow at community level.
    • To disseminate new practice for effective use of water.
    • Establish Water User Association (WUA) as much as possible.
    • To extend metering system in domestic water supply systems.
    • To consider water allocation according to the requirements.
    • To consider new sources of water for urban water supply as of increasing population.
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • PART VI : Country Investment
    • Sources of Funds
    • Main source of funds is provided by GOM.
    • Limited amount of loans received from some countries.
    • Some projects are implement by B.O.T, J.V basis.
    • NGOs, INGOs contributed funds for some development works and renovation works.
    • International organizations also contributed funds for sanitation, water supply and rehabilitation works.
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • PART VII: Burning Issue, Hot Spots and Critical Challenges
    • Serious threats to Water Security
    • Water loss due to bad management , leakage, illegal water hooking and waste.
    • Pollution and degradation of watershed areas.
    • Solid waste generated by urban and rural communities.
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Critical hot spot areas
    • Impact causes by implementation of infrastructure projects, safety and stability of structure is required.
    • Institutional formation and responsibility for water resources and river basin management.
    • Laws, regulations and legislations.
    • Pollution control and monitoring.
    • Public participation and awareness programs.
    • Water related health.
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Most Serious Demand for Investment
    • Required well investment plan for sustainability of watershed areas for main river basins, including extension services , research and training programs.
    • Investment need for data collection remodeling works according to the climate change.
    • Conducting awareness programs and educational programs to increase water use efficiency and to enhance the water management activities.
    • To extend metering system and rehabilitation of transmission and distribution pipe line system for saving of supply water in urban area.
    • Investment is also required for water treatment plants and wastewater treatment facilities to control the water quality .
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Main Challenges
    • Water for livelihood
    • - Water and sanitation for PEOPLE
    • - Rainfall and Irrigation water for FOOD
    • - Water for the economic functions of ECOSYSTEMS
    • Water as a resources
    • - Maintaining both surface and groundwater and biodiversity
    • Water for development
    • - Increasing INVESTMENT in water sector
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • PART VIII : The Way Forward
    • An IWRM plan should be formulated to guide the coordination of development activities.
    • Institutional reforms to facilitate IWRM and implementation of River Basin Management. Example include the formation of Myanmar Water Resources Committee (MWRC) in 2005 at national level for the basis of national coordination authority.
    • Encourage and support capacity building of Community Based Organizations (CBOs), local communities and Non- Government Organizations (NGOs) to develop skills for monitoring and managing resources.
    Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects www.irrigation.gov.mm
  • Continued
    • Review and adjust laws, rules, regulations and procedures to support to enacting an unified water resources law so as to promote a more effective legal framework for coordination and management of water resources.
    • Strengthen the protection of highland catchments and other critical areas within the river’s ecosystem including wetlands.
    • Conducting and promote awareness schemes and educating campaigns and exchanging local knowledge as effective tools for integrated water resources management.
    • Use of communication media/channels such as demonstration projects, forums, workshops, seminars, specialist groups, publication and training programs.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Continued
    • Education programs involving school and other educational establishments such as Mobile Education Unit, institutions and research centers.
    • Effective measures should be taken on the basis of community participation through educational programmers & programmes designed to help the basic needs of the communities.
    • Developing national water quality standard and wastewater effluent standard and also identified the specific respon-sibilities of the focal agencies for monitoring and controlling.
    www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION www.irrigation.gov.mm Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in SEA in respect to Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects