Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011

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Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011

  1. 1. Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM in SEA 2000-2010 <br />Country Report on <br />Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in<br />Indonesia 2000-2010 <br />Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects<br />Sutardi<br />Indonesia Water Partnership<br />
  2. 2. Scope of Information Required<br />National Overview<br />National Water Resources Policy<br />National Water Legislation Framework<br />Institutional Framework<br />Water Resources Status<br />Country Investment in Water Resources Develoment and Management (WRDM): 2000 – 2010<br />Burning issues, Hot Spots and Critical challenges<br />The Way Forward <br />
  3. 3. I. National Overviewa. Pertinent statistical data:<br /><ul><li>Location of the country</li></ul> lying along equator<br /><ul><li>Area land; Water (%)
  4. 4. Administrative regions
  5. 5. Population 2000  2010
  6. 6. Urban population (%)
  7. 7. Population distribution (%)
  8. 8. GDP per capita 2010
  9. 9. Total No. Island; inhabited
  10. 10. Climate
  11. 11. Annual raifall
  12. 12. N. lat. 6o 02’ & S. lat. 110 5’
  13. 13. East long. 940 45’ & 1410 05’
  14. 14. 1,919,440 km2 ; water 4.85%
  15. 15. 33 prov., 349 districts, 91 cty
  16. 16. 207.6 mil.  237.6 mil.
  17. 17. 2000: 42% 2010: 44.3%;
  18. 18. Java: 60%; Off Java: 40%
  19. 19. US $ 3,015
  20. 20. 17,508; about 6,000
  21. 21. Tropical; wet & dry seasons
  22. 22. Low lands: 1,780 - 3,175 mm
  23. 23. Mountaneous: up to 6,100mm</li></ul>·     <br />
  24. 24. Water Balance by Island<br />Year 2020<br />Keterangan : * = % thd total nasional<br />Home<br />
  25. 25. Lampiran - 4<br />Water Balance<br />By island<br />Yr.2020<br />Home<br />
  26. 26. b. Government System for WRDM<br /><ul><li>New water resources Law enacted since 2004 and its implementing government regulations follow
  27. 27. National Water Resources Council exist since 2009. In 2011 the Council issued National WRDM Policy
  28. 28. At national level WRDM carried out by Min. Public Works (2 DGs) and other 8 sectoral ministries
  29. 29. 5,590 rivers in Indonesia based on management view point are grouped in 133 River Territories (RT’s)
  30. 30. 133 RT based on its administrative responsibility further grouped in 13 District RT; 51 Provincial RT; 64 National RT’s (consisting of 27 interprov. RT + 37 RT national strategic), and 5 RT transboundary
  31. 31. WRDM of 64 National RTs are carried out by 12 Major River Basin Organizations (Major RBOs) and 19 RBOs
  32. 32. WRDM of 51 Provincial RTs, 13 District RTs, and 5 RT transboundaries carried out by 33 Provincial WRDM agencies </li></li></ul><li>II. National Water Resources Policy (1)<br />Water Resources Management Policy Reform: <br />Sector problems:<br /><ul><li>water allocation is under local scarcity due to growth of </li></ul>non-irrigation water demand; <br /><ul><li>inadequate urban access to piped water supply;
  33. 33. water pollution and adverse impacts of untreated </li></ul>municipal wastewater discharge, including industrial and<br />mining effluent disposal; <br /><ul><li> adverse impacts of watershed degradation such as </li></ul> increasing flood peaks causing economic damages, <br /> decreasing dry season flow and sedimentation damages <br /> to water infrastructure;<br />
  34. 34. II. National Water Resources Policy (2)<br />Water Resources Management Policy Reform: <br />b. Policy Amendment in Policy Reform 2000-2010<br /><ul><li>enhance integrated water resources management (IWRM) to achieve sustainable resource use
  35. 35. manage water in all aspects -- social, ecological and economic
  36. 36. achieve a balance between conservation and water use
  37. 37. decentralize the water resources management
  38. 38. assure the basic right of water for all people
  39. 39. make future policy in a democratic way. </li></li></ul><li>II. National Water Resources Policy (3)<br />Issuance of Policies related to WRDM: <br /><ul><li>Enactment of the new Water Resource law
  40. 40. National Action Plan on MDG’s
  41. 41. Implementation of IWRM
  42. 42. Climate Variability and Climate Change Anticipation</li></ul> i.e., Establishment of National Policy & Strategy <br /><ul><li>Water Resources Development program
  43. 43. Water and Sanitation
  44. 44. Rural Water supply and Sanitation Action
  45. 45. Water for Food and Rural Development</li></li></ul><li>II. National Water Resources Policy (4)<br />Government Commitment related to WRM: <br />List of Declaration in national events:<br /><ul><li>Medium Term National Develoment Plan 2004-2009
  46. 46. National Movement on Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program
  47. 47. National Partnership Movement for Preservation of Water Resources</li></li></ul><li>II. National Water Resources Policy (5)<br />Government Commitment related to WRM: <br />List of Declaration in regional events:<br /><ul><li>The Second Southeast Asia Water Forum:</li></ul> The Bali Ministerial Declaration and Plan of Action<br /><ul><li>The Second Southeast Asia Water Forum:</li></ul> The Forum Call for Action<br />
  48. 48. II. National Water Resources Policy (6)<br />Specific policies related to WRMs Sectors <br /><ul><li>Irrigation
  49. 49. Water Supply and sanitation
  50. 50. Water Quality
  51. 51. River Basin Management
  52. 52. Upper Watershed Management and Land Use
  53. 53. Flood and Drought Management
  54. 54. Decentralization
  55. 55. Groundwater
  56. 56. Dam construction
  57. 57. Water and Industry
  58. 58. Water and Energy
  59. 59. Water and Transportation
  60. 60. Water User Organization
  61. 61. Collaboration With External Support</li></li></ul><li>III. National Water Legislation Framework (1)<br />Comprehensive Water Resources Management Law<br />Features of the New Act<br /><ul><li>Management focus
  62. 62. Integration/river basin approach
  63. 63. Participation
  64. 64. Good governance
  65. 65. Water as a social and economic good</li></li></ul><li>III. National Water Legislation Framework (2)<br />Comprehensive Water Resources Management Law<br />Content of the new law:<br /><ul><li>Institutional aspect
  66. 66. Authority and responsibility
  67. 67. Coordination
  68. 68. Public consultation
  69. 69. Planning
  70. 70. Information system
  71. 71. Irrigation management policy
  72. 72. Water use
  73. 73. Conservation
  74. 74. Operation and maintenance
  75. 75. Flood Control
  76. 76. Financial issues</li></li></ul><li>III. National Water Legislation Framework (3)<br />Specific regulation related to WRM <br /><ul><li>Irrigation
  77. 77. Water supply
  78. 78. Sanitation  no specific regulation
  79. 79. Flood control and management  no specific reg.
  80. 80. River basin management
  81. 81. Upper watershed and land use  no specific reg.
  82. 82. Water quality
  83. 83. Groundwater
  84. 84. Dam construction
  85. 85. Decentralization  no specific reg.
  86. 86. Water users organizations  no specific reg.</li></li></ul><li>III. National Water Legislation Framework (4)<br />Remaining government regulations needed <br /><ul><li>Management of Swamp
  87. 87. Management of River
  88. 88. Management of Lake
  89. 89. Management of Enterprising Water Resource
  90. 90. Management of Upper watershed and land use
  91. 91. Management of Sanitation
  92. 92. Management of Flood</li></li></ul><li>IV. Institutional Framework (1)<br />1) Institutions involved in WR Management <br />A. National level:<br />Government:<br /><ul><li>Min. Public Works (2 DGs) & other 8 sectoral minist.
  93. 93. National Water Resourcse Council
  94. 94. National Board on Climate Change</li></ul>Private/State Enterprise Sector: <br /><ul><li>PLN related to hydro-power</li></ul>NGO and Academia:<br /><ul><li>PERPAMSI
  95. 95. KAI (Ina WP)
  96. 96. CK-Net Indonesia </li></li></ul><li>IV. Institutional Framework (2)<br />Institutions involved in WR Management <br />B. Provincial/River Basin level:<br />Government:<br /><ul><li>Provincial Water Resources Agency
  97. 97. Provincial Water Resourcse Council
  98. 98. Coordination Team for WRM of river basin
  99. 99. Major River Basin Organization (major RBO) & RBO</li></ul>State Enterprise Sector: <br /><ul><li>PJT I (Brantas & B. Solo RTs) and PJT II (Jatiluhur)
  100. 100. PDAM related to drinking water
  101. 101. PLN related to hydro-power</li></ul>NGO and Academia:<br /><ul><li>PERPAMSI (branching)
  102. 102. NGO: 31 nos
  103. 103. CK-Net Indonesia (has 10 universities as member)</li></li></ul><li>IV. Institutional Framework (3)<br />Institutions involved in WR Management <br />C. Research and Information:<br /><ul><li>CK – Net Indonesia
  104. 104. Ministry of Publik Works Research and Development Agency</li></ul>D. Human resources, Education and Training: <br /><ul><li>Government’s Human Resources, Education & Training Center
  105. 105. Universities’s Human Resources, Education & Training Center</li></li></ul><li>IV. Institutional Framework (4)<br />Present outstanding institutional issues <br /><ul><li>Regulatory functions and service provision functions of water resources still intermingle.
  106. 106. Law enforcement is not functional; the frameworks for water resources management have not yet been legalized.
  107. 107. Most human resources in the water resources sector, especially those in the field are not professionals.
  108. 108. Conflicts of interest among stakeholders, sectors, administration authority and geographical area (i.e., downstream vs upstream).
  109. 109. Strong sectoral and local ego in water resources and other sector related to water
  110. 110. Process of formulation of framework for water resources management is considered by some participants as lacking adequate participation of and inputs from stakeholders, etc</li></li></ul><li>V. Water Resources Status (1)<br />A. Water Resources Conditions:<br />1) Watershed and River Condition:<br /><ul><li>Decrease of area of forest resources
  111. 111. Degradation of upper watersheds
  112. 112. Degradation of coastal ecosystem
  113. 113. Mining practice that caused environmental degradation</li></ul>Water Quality<br /><ul><li>Upstream: still in good quality to lightly polluted
  114. 114. Middlestream: lightly polluted to polluted
  115. 115. Downstream: polluted to heavily polluted</li></li></ul><li>Watershed and River Condition<br />1010<br />1010<br />1090<br />1100<br />1100<br />1120<br />1120<br />1130<br />1130<br />1130<br />1130<br />1180<br />4140<br />0<br />1180<br />4030<br />4020<br />5090<br />5090<br />1210<br />1240<br />7020<br />5150<br />5150<br />5100<br />4010<br />4010<br />1290<br />5160<br />5160<br />1260<br />1260<br />2010<br />2010<br />2020<br />2020<br />5170<br />5170<br />2040<br />2040<br />2050<br />2050<br />2100<br />2100<br />2080<br />2080<br />2120<br />2120<br />3010<br />2130<br />2130<br />2140<br />2140<br />2090<br />2090<br />2070<br />2110<br />Increase of critical lands (13,1 mil. Ha in 1992, now (2010) already > 18,5 mil Ha).<br />Increase distribution of critical RCA (22 RCAs in 1984, 39 RCAs in 1992, become 62 RCAs in 2005).<br />1984 ---22 Critical RCA<br />1992 --- 39 Critical RCA<br />2005 --- 62 Critical RCA<br />
  116. 116. STATUS OF WATER QUALITYIN SOME RIVERDI INDONESIA <br />LP = ligthly polluted; PL = polluted; HP= highly polluted; Good = not yet polluted<br />
  117. 117. V. Water Resources Status (2)<br />Water Resources Conditions:<br />Floods and droughts:<br /><ul><li>Increase the frequency & intensity of floods occurence
  118. 118. Increase of areas affected by floods and droughts
  119. 119. Increase of number of human casualty and people to be evacuated
  120. 120. Increase number of economic losses in private & public propty</li></ul>4) Impact of Climate Change (current impacts)<br /><ul><li>Increase of the number of occurence of extreem climate event
  121. 121. Rise of sea water level in some location
  122. 122. Decrease of certain fruits production, ie., coffee, manggo, etc </li></li></ul><li>Watershed and River Condition<br />Impact of Floods and Droughts<br />Decrease of rice production due to floods (about374,000 ha/yrorequal to919,000 ton rice/yr) ordue to droughts (about350,000 ha/yror equal to700,000 ton rice/yr).<br />Urban floods also caused significant economic lossess due decrease of productivity of service and industrial areas and traffic jams<br />
  123. 123. Watershed and River Condition<br />Impact of Climate Change<br />Impact of the rise of sea water level due to global warming:<br /><ul><li>This will directly affect to socio-economic life of about 16 milion peoples in10.666 villages in coastal areas.
  124. 124. More productive areas in coastal area will flooded and this will be occured more frequently and in incrasing intensity.
  125. 125. Erotion and abration of of coastal areas will spread over.
  126. 126. Retreat of coastal line. </li></li></ul><li>V. Water Resources Status (3)<br />Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:<br />Water for DMI<br />Water for food<br />Flood management<br />Sanitation<br />Hydropower<br />Navigation<br />Fishery, tourism and recreation<br />Climate Change Adaption<br />Demand management<br />
  127. 127. V. Water Resources Status (4)<br /> Water Resources Potential and Demands in 2020<br />Unit: MCM<br />
  128. 128. V. Water Resources Status (5)<br />Plan to achieve MDGs in 2015<br />Proportion of house hold having access to a safe and clean water in 2009 47.71% to be increased in 2015 68.87%<br />
  129. 129. V. Water Resources Status (6)<br />Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:<br />8) Climate Change Adaption<br />Strategy adaptation to climate change:<br /><ul><li>To increase capacity of management of water resources infrastructures to support food security program
  130. 130. To develop disaster risk management for floods and landslides
  131. 131. To increase communities consciousness </li></li></ul><li>V. Water Resources Status (7)<br />Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:<br />Climate Change Adaption<br />Short Term Adaption Programs (2008-2014):<br /><ul><li>Construction and management and rehabilitation large scale dam and reservoirs to avoid river discharge fluctuation.
  132. 132. Construction, management and rehabilitation of irrigation networks to secure food security for the nation.
  133. 133. Development of new technology for irrigation to support rice intensifitation program and to reduce water use for agriculture (for example, drip and spray irrigation system)
  134. 134. Preparing a data base on water balance on critical rivers to access future water avaibility considering the existence of climate change.
  135. 135. Construction and maintenance sea water protection facilities to prevent abrasion, and coastal erosion and also sea water intrusion.
  136. 136. Construction and maintenance of flood control management to protect cities and districts that are susceptible to floods and other water related disasters .
  137. 137. Carry out capacity building in disaster risk management by training and education.
  138. 138. Preparing early warning system to anticipate water related disasters
  139. 139. Preparing a data base to access level of susceptibility of a certain area to disasters related to the impact of climate change
  140. 140. Carry out water conservation campaign through the existing partnership movement, i.e., National Partnership Movement for Preservation of Water Resource </li></li></ul><li>VI. Country Investment in WRDM 2000-2010 <br />Sources of funds for investment:<br /><ul><li>Sources of funds: more than 70% from government, the rest is from loans (World Bank, ADB, JBIC/JICA, IDB, etc) and grant</li></ul>B. Major water resources project:<br /><ul><li>Completed between 2000-2010
  141. 141. Presently on-going and in pipeline
  142. 142. New proposal (2010-2014)
  143. 143. Aggregated achievement of project completed in 2005-2009</li></ul>Annual expenditure<br /><ul><li>Water resources
  144. 144. Irrigation
  145. 145. Raw Water Supply
  146. 146. Flood control and management </li></ul>D. Return on Investment<br />
  147. 147. RESULTOFWATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT (2009)<br /><ul><li>5.7million Ha technical irrigation systems and 1.6 million Ha village irrigation systems,
  148. 148. 2,200 MW of hydropower generation ( 6 % nation capacity),
  149. 149. Urban and Rural water supply systems of 100,000 l/sec,
  150. 150. Reclamation of 3.3 million ha of swampland,
  151. 151. More than 18,000 ha of fishponds,
  152. 152. 1.96 million ha of flood protected lowland & urban area,
  153. 153. More than 100 kilometers of coastal protection. </li></ul>·     <br />
  154. 154. VII. Burning Issue, Hot Spots & Critical Challenges <br />Most serius threats to water security:<br /><ul><li>Enabling environment; Institutional Frameworks; Management Ins.</li></ul>Critical hot spot areas related to water security<br /><ul><li>Java, Bali, and Nusa Tenggara</li></ul>Most serious demand for change of governance<br /><ul><li>Water resources
  155. 155. Irrigation
  156. 156. Water Supply
  157. 157. Flood control and management
  158. 158. Navigation
  159. 159. Hydro-power</li></li></ul><li>VIII. The Way Forward <br />National Policy on Water Resources Management<br /><ul><li>Important features of the National Policy for WRM
  160. 160. Comment and recomendation on the National Policy</li></ul>The National Roadmap for implementation of IWRM<br /><ul><li>Enabling environment
  161. 161. Institutional Framework
  162. 162. Management Instrument</li></li></ul><li>Thank You<br />

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