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PWP & Water Sector Reforms

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PWP & Water Sector Reforms

  1. 1. Water Sector Reforms in the Philippines and the Philippine Water Partnership Presented by: using some slides presented earlier by: Dr. Ma. Cecilia G. Soriano Ramon B. Alikpala Philippines former Executive Director of the 26 February 2010 National Water Resources Board
  2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Policy Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Roles of PWP </li></ul>
  3. 3. IWRM: A Brief History 1974 : Creation of the National Water Resources Board (NWRB) as the coordinating and integrating body on water resources management and development. - through the workshops organized by PWP, more stakeholders learned about the NWRB and need to get water permits from it 1976 : Enactment of the Water Code of the Philippines- a law governing the ownership, appropriation, conservation and protection of water resources using holistic perspective. - PWP helped to organize workshops on updating the Implementing Rules and Regulations I. Policy Reforms
  4. 4. IWRM: A Brief History 2002 : World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg )- countries agreed to formulate and implement IWRM and water efficiency plans by 2005. - PWP organized fora and TOTs on IWRM 2004 : Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP) “Adoption of IWRM approach as general strategy in water resources management”. - PWP organized a workshop on water chapter 2007 : The National IWRM Plan – serves as a directional plan for mainstreaming IWRM - PWP helped to organize consultation workshops
  5. 5. National IWRM Framework Plan Strategic Themes Ensuring Rational, Efficient and Ecologically Sustainable Allocation of Water Enhancing Effectiveness in Groundwater Management and Aquifer Protection Achieving Clean and Healthy Water Managing and Mitigating Risks from Water Related Disasters and Climate Change Sustainable Outcome No. 1 Effective Protection and Regulation for Water Security and Ecosystem Health
  6. 6. National IWRM Framework Plan Sustainable Outcome No. 2 Sustainable Water Resources and Responsive Services for Present and Future Needs Strategic Themes Promoting Water Conservation/Stewardship and Improving Water Use Efficiency Expanding Access and Ensuring Availability of Affordable and Responsive Water Supply and Sanitation Services
  7. 7. National IWRM Framework Plan Sustainable Outcome No. 3 Improved Effectiveness, Accountability, and Synergy among Water Related Institutions and Stakeholders Strategic Themes Promoting Participatory Water Governance and Supportive Enabling Environment Strengthening Knowledge Management and Building Capacity for IWRM
  8. 8. National IWRM Framework Plan Sustainable Outcome No. 4 Innovative Responses to Future Challenges Strategic Themes Exploring New Pathways to Water Resource Management: Water Sensitive Design and Water Rights Trading
  9. 9. Water Supply Sector Roadmap <ul><li>To address the sector problems that are preventing the efficient and sustainable delivery of water supply services in the urban and rural areas of the country particularly those outside Metro Manila. </li></ul>
  10. 10. You are HERE! GOAL Defining an objective to address the issue. What results are needed? What can verify achievement of objectives? PROGRAM COMPONENTS Analysis of previous and recent sector reform initiatives Agreement on the statement of problems and issues to be addressed Agreement on the strategic roles & Operational strategies towards implementing the agreed roles Understanding of the investments required to achieve the sector targets €€€ ? Water Supply Sector Roadmap RESULT 2.2 Issue Objective 1 Issue Objective 2 Issue Objective 3 RESULT 1.2 RESULT 1.3 RESULT 1.1 RESULT 2.1 RESULT 2.3 RESULT 2.4 RESULT 3.1 RESULT 3.2 RESULT 3.3 Issue Objective 3 RESULT 3.3 RESULT 3.3
  11. 11. Water Supply Sector Roadmap <ul><li>Institutional Strengthening </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Development </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Alliance Building </li></ul><ul><li>Financing and Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>- PWP participated in consultation workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Approved in 2008, awaiting implementation of major reforms recommended. </li></ul><ul><li> - PWP organized a consultation workshop on draft bill to create appropriate regulatory framework </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sanitation Sector Roadmap <ul><li>To complement water supply sector roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by WHO </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared by Streams of Knowledge and Center for Advanced Philippine Studies </li></ul><ul><li>- PWP participated in consultation workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Approved in late 2009, awaiting implementation of major reforms recommended. </li></ul>
  13. 13. NEDA - the country's social and economic development planning and policy coordinating body. DENR - responsible for the conservation, management, development and proper use of the country’s environment and natural resources. NWRB - Coordinate and integrate water resource management and development activities of the country; Regulate the use of water River Basin Control Office - Office under the DENR responsible in the management and development of priority river basins 2. Institutional Reforms
  14. 14. Water Related Agencies Functional Chart NAPC-WASCO DOF-CDA DBP DAR DPWH MWSS LWUA-WDs PTA NWRB HUDCC/HLURB DILG-PMO PEZA LGUs NEDA Water Supply NIA DA BSWM Irrigation DOE PSALM NPC PEMC Hydro Power BFAR Fisheries DOST-PCAFNRRD ERDB Research PAF BSWM Cloud Seeding DENR-EMB DOH LGUs MWSS LWUA-WDs Water Quality & Sanitation DENR-FMB BSWM NIA NPC PAWB Watershed Management DENR-MGB NWRB BRS NAMRIA NIA PAGASA MWSS LWUA Data Collection DPWH-PMO OCD-NDCC PAGASA MMDA Flood Management DENR-RBCO LLDA RDCs BOI PEZA Integrated Area Development NEDA Policy Making NWRB Coordination / Regulation
  15. 15. National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) NEDA Board chaired by the President Infra- struc- ture Com Invest-ment Coordi- nation Com Development Budget Coordi- nation Com Social Development Com Com on Tariff and Related Matters Regional Develop- ment Com
  16. 16. <ul><li>2002 to Present </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Environment and Natural Resources - Chair </li></ul><ul><li>National Economic and Development Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Finance </li></ul><ul><li>National Hydraulics and Research Center (NHRC) – PWP Chair </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director, NWRB </li></ul>The National Water Resources Board <ul><li>1974 to 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Public Works and Highways - Chair </li></ul><ul><li>National Economic and Development Authority </li></ul><ul><li>National Power Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>National Irrigation Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Local Water Utilities Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Environment and Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Trade and Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System </li></ul>
  17. 17. The National Water Resources Board PD 424 creating the NWRC (1974) PD 1067 The Water Code of the Philippines (1976) PD 1206 assigned the residual functions of the Board of Waterworks and the defunct Public Service Commission to NWRB EO 123 reconstituted the NWRB Board; transferring NWRB to DENR and transferring regulatory functions of LWUA to NWRB (2002) The National Water Resources Board PD 424 creating the NWRC (1974) PD 1067 The Water Code of the Philippines (1976) PD 1206 assigned the residual functions of the Board of Waterworks and the defunct Public Service Commission to NWRB EO 124-A converted NWRC to NWRB (1987); transferred BRS to DPWH EO 123 reconstituted the NWRB Board; transferring NWRB to DENR and transferring regulatory functions of LWUA to NWRB (2002) Policy Formulation and Coordination Resource Regulation Economic Regulation
  18. 18. Assessment of NWRB <ul><li>No regional/field offices despite nationwide coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Central office has very limited staff and budget </li></ul><ul><li>Board members are not full-time </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to fully carry out its many mandates </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>MWSS </li></ul><ul><li>SUBIC </li></ul><ul><li>CALAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>LUZON I </li></ul><ul><li>LUZON II </li></ul><ul><li>VISAYAS </li></ul><ul><li>MINDANAO I </li></ul><ul><li>MINDANAO II </li></ul><ul><li>____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Includes water districts, LG water utilities, private developers, water coops. </li></ul><ul><li>To be based on hydrological boundaries </li></ul>3 PROPOSED STRUCTURES FOR WATER RESOURCES NWRB WRMB WRC Water Resources Management Bureau National Water Resources Board 12 Regional Water Resources Boards 12 Regional Water Resources Secretariats (Action Plans) (Master Plans) (Framework Plan) NWRB Secretariat Core Group Multisectoral Working Committee WATER REGULATORY COMMISSION* REGULATORY OFFICES AREA OPERATIONS** Policy Coordination Division Demand Management Division Water Supply Division Sanitation and Sewerage Division
  20. 20. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES ORGANIZATIONAL CHART WATER RES. MGT. Bu. SECRETARY POLUTION ADJUDICATION BOARD MUSLIM AFFAIRS Office PLANNING AND POLICY OFFICE PLANNING & POLICY Service SPECIAL CONCERNS OFFICE PROJECT DESIGN & PACKAGING SERVICE MINES AND GEO SCIENCES Bureau HUMAN RES. DEV’T Service NATIONAL MAPPING AND RESOURCE INFORMATION AUTHORITY LAGUNA LAKE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY NATURAL RESOURCES MINING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BUKIDNON FOREST INC. PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICE LAND MGT. Office HEAD EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT PLANNING & MGT. Division FIELD OPERA-TIONS PROJECT MGT. & COORDI- NATION SERVICE FOREIGN-ASSISTED & SPECIAL PROJECTS Office REGIONAL OFFICES MINES ADJUDICATION BOARD ENVIRON-MENTAL MGT. Bureau ADMINIS-TRATIVE Service ECOSYS-TEMS RES. & DEV’T Bureau LAND MGT. Bureau LEGAL Division REGIONAL OFFICES FINC’L & MGT. Service REG’L PUBLIC AFFAIRS Office MANAGEMENT & TECHNICAL SERVICES OFFICE NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT CORP. LEGAL SERVICE Administrative Division GEN. LEGAL SERVICES Office HUMAN RES. DEV’T Section LEGIS. LIAISON & ADMI. LEGAL SERVICES Office REG’L ENV’T & NATURAL RES. Office RENRO FOREST MGT. Bu. PROTECTED AREAS & WILDLIFE Bu. FINANCE Division NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES BOARD WATER REGULATORY COMMISSION
  21. 21. Water Districts MWSS Subic Water NWRB LGUs RWSAs BWSAs Subdivisions Cooperatives Private Cos. Without access to safe and sustainable water supply State of Economic Regulation Source: National Water Resources Board
  22. 22. Small Scale Water Service Providers <ul><li>First National Conference held on 9-10 August 2007 in Quezon City </li></ul><ul><li>Second National Conference held on 16-17 October 2008 in Cebu City </li></ul><ul><li>Third National Conference held on 19-20 August in Davao City </li></ul><ul><li>National Water and Sanitation Association (NAWASA) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>co-organized by PWP with NWRB, ADB, Streams of Knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. PHILIPPINES DEVELOPMENT FORUM <ul><li>Working Group on Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-Working Group on Water Supply and Sanitation (created in Sept 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task Force on Institutional Strengthening </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PWP a member </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task Force on Capacity Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task Force on Financing and Infrastructure Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chil a member </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Water Regulatory Commission – an independent b ody with full-time commissioners and regional offices. Small Scale Water Service Providers – clarify pending legal issues including those related to exclusive franchise of water districts . Water districts – clarify their quasi-public (private) nature and confirm their tax exempt status. Integrate 1976 Water Code, 2004 Clean Water Act and other laws related to water resources management - to incorporate IWRM principles more fully and create an apex body with adequate powers and resources 3. Legal Reforms
  25. 25. History of Water Regulation 2005 RA 9275 REGULATORY FUNCTIONS Resource Regulation Economic Regulation Timeline Laws 1912 1936 Irrigation Council Water Resources Committee Board of Power and Waterworks Public Service Commission Board of Energy Irrigation Act Tariff Regulation LWUA Technical Assistance CA 146 PD 1 / Integrated Reorganization Plan PD 198 PD 1067 (Water Code) PD 1206 EO 124-A Technical Functions/ transferred to DPWH-BRS EO 279 EO 123 NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES BOARD National Water Resources Council 1977 1976 1974 1973 1972 2004 2002 1987 Financing PD 424 1966 RA 4850
  26. 26. <ul><li>Presidential Decree No. 198 created the LWUA primarily as a specialized lending institution for the promotion, development and financing of local water utilities including water districts. It also provides technical assistance and institutional development support to them. It also exercises regulatory powers over water districts. </li></ul><ul><li>Aside from extracting, treating and distributing water, water districts are also expected to undertake watershed protection activities. </li></ul>Creation of LWUA and Water Districts
  27. 27. PD 198 – Titles I and II <ul><li>Title I of PD 198 or the Provincial Water Utilities Act of 1973 authorized the creation of water districts, on a local option basis, to operate and maintain reliable and economically viable water supply and wastewater disposal systems for the country ’ s population centers. </li></ul><ul><li>Under PD 198 Title II or the Local Water District Law, the legislative body of any city, municipality or province may form a water district by enacting a resolution and forwarding this to the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) which shall file it if found in order. </li></ul><ul><li>Once formed, a water district is not under the juris- diction of any political subdivision. It can be dissolved only by a resolution of its Board of Directors. </li></ul>
  28. 28. IWRM in Recent Laws <ul><li>Republic Act 8749 or the Clean Air Act of 1999 designated airsheds as the basic units of a holistic national program of air pollution management. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 introduced market based instruments such as user fees and surcharges. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic Act 9275 or the Clean Water Act of 2004 instituted a holistic national program and integrated framework to preserve and improve water quality, with focus on pollution prevention rather than control. </li></ul>
  29. 29. RA 9275 (Clean Water Act) <ul><li>Designated the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) as the government agency primarily responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives LGUs key roles in the monitoring and protection of water quality and sewerage and septage management. </li></ul><ul><li>Authorizes the DENR to gradually devolve to the LGUs the authority to administer some aspects of water quality management and regulation. </li></ul>
  30. 30. RA 9275 (Clean Water Act) <ul><li>Mandates the NWRB to: </li></ul><ul><li>Designate, in coordination with the DENR, certain areas as water quality management areas using appropriate physiographic units such as watershed, river basins or water resources regions; and </li></ul><ul><li>Take measures as may be necessary to upgrade the quality of such water in non-containment areas to meet the standards under which it has been classified. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Tap expertise and experiences of its individual and institutional members in identifying and pushing for reforms in the water sector. Come up with and communicate a common position on relevant issues and concerns related to water resources management and climate change. Provide a neutral venue for the discussion of contentious issues among its members who come from different sectors, both public and private. Document experiences in IWRM and multi-stakeholder discussions and disseminate these inside and outside the water sector. 4. Roles of PWP

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