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Status of Groundwater Resources Governance Sudan: Nubian Sandstone Project


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Groundwater resource contributes with 17 % of the national water resources volume and with 76 % in the domestic use.

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Status of Groundwater Resources Governance Sudan: Nubian Sandstone Project

  1. 1. 3rd Targeted Regional Workshop for GEF IW Projects in Africa 07-09 May 2014 South Africa Status of Groundwater Resources Governance , Sudan By : Osman Mustafa Ahmed Mohamed Nubian Sandstone Progect, Sudan
  2. 2. contents • Groundwater Resources Description Occurrence – Assessment - Development and uses - Management – Shared Basins • Governance status Institution - Policy – Strategies - Legislations - Stakeholders – -awareness & water education – Challenges- opportunities • Recommendations National and Regional
  3. 3. •The geological column of Sudan from bottom to top comprises ; The Basement complex BC, The Nubian formation Uncomfortably overlying the undulated BC, The volcanic Rocks inter-bedding the Nubian formation, Um Rawaba and Gezira Formation and the Recent superficial Deposits. •The sedimentary group and in particular the sandstone of the Nubian formation is the most significance aquifer due to excellent or good Hydraulic properties (ability to Store and Transmit water) •The B.C (crack aquifer ) is of less significance and contributes in domestic use south isohyets 300 Groundwater Resources Description
  4. 4. Groundwater Resources Description • Groundwater resource contributes with 17 % of the national water resources volume and with 76 % in the domestic use. • Shared Basins; • The Nubian Sand Stone Aquifer System NSAS extends cross borders to cover considerable areas in Chad, Egypt and Libya. • Many projects aiming to proper management of the shared basin were implemented and the results; the establishment of Joint Authority for the Study and development of the Nubian Sand stone
  5. 5. Governance Status Institution • Before1956 groundwater belonged to the Soil Conservation and Land uses departments in the Ministry of Agriculture. • In 1957 treated as mineral within the Geological Survey of the Ministry of Mining and Energy. • In 1967 Groundwater Research section was established within the Rural Water Corporation in the ministry of Agriculture. • In 1996 the water resources gathered in the MWR and different names were given to the groundwater institute ; Non Nile Water General Directorate , Groundwater Directorate .Since 2000 and forward, Groundwater and Wadis GWWD sharing one directorate out of the six general directorates in the (MWR) Now (MWRE).
  6. 6. Governance Status Institution, cont •The institutional set up in Sudan includes (MIWR) as the lead of the water sector institution. relevant supportive or user ministries include; The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF)The Ministry of Electricity (ME)The Ministry of Energy & Mining (MEM) Environment and Physical Development (MEPD) and others. • The functions include :Water allocation system (water rights, licensing, and monitoring), Regulation: Standard setting, permitting (water & discharge), compliance, monitoring, sanctioning/ enforcement functions Pollution control function (Emission standards)Specific water quality standards. • The water provision is federal but the foreign support control and distribution is central.
  7. 7. Governance Status Institution, cont Nubian Project -Regional Level Joint Authority for the Study and development of the Nubian Sand stone-3 members from each 4 countries. -National Level 3 members act as Steering Committee with communications with others Stakeholders (Ministry of Planning and Environment –GEF focal Point-Sudan). -Workshop organized during project implantation (SADA-SAP Process) In our preparation of Sudan SADA we are able to gather representatives from different Miniseries from Federal level and States level as Stakeholders in a workshop to get feed back from them about how can we manage the aquifer and what policy we will adopt and what Institutional bodies will be involved.
  8. 8. Institution, cont Nubian Project -Now we are working on Groundwater policy which will help us to have control on drilling and abstraction from Groundwater Aquifer especially in Nubian Aquifer (Investment for Agriculture now undergoing). -National office Of JA of Nubian was established in Sudan to follow outcomes of Nubian Project and follow up Future Project (under process by GEF ).
  9. 9. Governance Status Policy •Three pending draft versions of water policy exist; 1992, 2000, and 2008 . •Functions; to manage surface water, groundwater and the Nile. Also includes ;protection of the environment ,the mitigation of drought and flood impacts. •The goal of the policy addressed the sustainable and efficient water resources management as a foundation for national economic development. •priorities ; Drinking water ,food security, sanitation, environment protection •Negotiation coopration approaches for the management of the shared basins. •The Policy drafted in 2008 addressed drinking water and Sanitation . (Bottom top approach) •The objective of the policy is to ensure that the needs for drinking water and sanitation in rural and urban areas are fully addressed through realistic strategies considering the millennium development targets .
  10. 10. Governance Status Strategies and budget • The long term strategies for the water resources and agricultural sectors emphasized the uses priorities; drinking , food security, sanitation, environment protection. • The main features includes community participation ,coordination through stake holders involvement, continues evaluation and updating and capacity building. • the policy drafts consider new water resources exploration but the strategies programs ignore groundwater search • The water sector budget is two folds; Water supply budget (millennium development targets ) and irrigation budget. • No water management budget is recognized in the Ministry of finance and only few and small scale regional and site investigation use to be conducted pre-drilling activities.
  11. 11. Governance Status Stake holders participation •There is no platform for interaction with stakeholders at a national level, while equivalent bodies do exist and operational at state and local levels. •Projects (at implementation level) constitutes effective platforms for stakeholders’ interactions at national and state level. •Recently the MOWR Now (MWRE) Launched the theme (Shared Vision towards IWRM) aiming to the institutional and stakeholders efforts integration. Working groups were formed for uses and governance. Periodical meetings and workshops approach is adopted to fulfill the shared Vision
  12. 12. ;Governance Status Legislations • Water related legislation in Sudan is marked by a series of about 23 scattered and isolated laws and regulations. • Groundwater is highlighted by general statement • The existing regulations are not empowered for the task,. • Key areas of conflict between the Water Act and other legislation are caused by the interim constitution and the new State’s regulations, • Each of the 2 6 ? northern States has its own Water Corporation Act although the situation of ownership of water was defined in the water resources Act of 1995 as a common good and its management is vested on the Federal government. • Most of the water laws put emphasis on water development ignoring the impacts and water resources management . Therefore, existing water laws have become obsolete. • There is need for water law reform in Sudan through updating, break down, identification of institutions mandate and strengthening enforcement capacities.
  13. 13. Governance Status Awareness and Water Education •Awareness raising is needed among all stakeholders •Awareness materials to the public in the media are confined to the World Water Day celebration and big water forums in form of panels . Posters, T shirts, Caps, Comedy materials •In Sudan water issue is well covered in the syllabus of the elementary and secondary schools, but it needs reform ; To be less academic and not to be taken by pupils as lessons for exam. Al so it lacks the sense of awareness.
  14. 14. Governance Status Challenges; •Lack of transparency and sufficient data. •Lack of financial and material support to the groundwater institutions. • lack of accountability due to the non-implementation of rules and regulations and absence of professionalism. •The institutional instability does not allow continuity in implementing water governance plans. • Need for awareness-raising among all stakeholders for issues related to water governance.
  15. 15. Governance Status The governance challenges resulted in; Lack of comprehensive assessment and evaluation of groundwater resources ,unplanned and random development; without licensing and close supervision by hydro geologist and poor management Opportunities for good governance In Sudan ; The promising peace process The on going political and economic reforms . Regionally ; The integration of the national efforts in the region and making the optimal use of the international organization support and guidance. Challenges Cont
  16. 16. Recommendations: National Level: Enhance the adopted IWRM governance ; 1. Improve capacity building through, trained staff and upgrading of working facilities 2. Reform the legal aspects through, Updating , break down, mandates and strengthening capacity of implementation 3. Attach research body to the institutional set up. 4. Improve funding from the National budget. Regional Level: 1. Formulation of high-level political and technical regional frameworks to steer the governance machinery.
  17. 17. That is it Thank you