GARDEN MAINTENANCE My Garden Is All Planted. Now What?
- Garden near a water source
Water. . .
- The soil not the plant leaves
- New plants until established
Water deeply. . .
Fertilizer. . . Adds essential nutrients to the soil
- Only if soil test indicates
- Before planting, between rows or around individual plants
Most Community Gardens . . .
- Find out YOUR community garden rules
What does “organic” mean?
- Not using synthetic commercial chemicals in your garden (such as fertilizer, pesticides, fungicides or herbicides).
- Attract and maintain beneficial insects.
- Choose your plants to fit your garden environment & climate.
- Use organic materials (compost) to amend the soil.
Organic fertilizer: Blood Meal Fish Emulsion Composted Manure
- Commercial chemicals such as
- Veggies need room to grow
- Crowded veggies make no veggies at all
- Correct spacing on seed packet
- Seedlings can be transplanted (lettuce) or eaten (beet tops + roots)
Exception to thinning
- 4X4 planting—spacing to be
Keeping it tidy. . .
Mulch. . .
- Mid-June around growing plants
- Dried leaves & grass clippings
- Compost or composted manure
- Weeds use up soil nutrients and water
- Pull before they’re too big, but big enough to get hold of
- Weed between rows or in rows
- Anything you didn’t plant is a “weed”
Also remove. . .
- Over ripe fruit (e.g., 2’ zucchini!)
- Pick off bugs under leaves
- Remove leaves with powdery mildew or wilt/blight
- Detect other problems early
- Herbs: Pinch new growth to encourage branching and fullness
Harvest & Enjoy
Fall Clean-up Counts
- Compost healthy plant materials (city)
- Pull and trash diseased plants
- Leave a few tomatoes to seed
Prepare for next year!
- Save seeds (cool, dry indoors)
- Plant 2 nd crop extensions (lettuce, spinach, radishes)
- Turn under mulch and add compost
Help. . . I have bugs!
- (Integrated Pest Management)
Get to know your garden
- Know beneficials: lady bugs, praying mantis, bees
- Know harmfuls: cut worms, squash borers, cabbage loopers, slugs, mildew, blight
Dealing with Disease
- Choose disease resistant plants/seeds
- Save seed packets and labels
- Keep clean: remove fallen leaves, vegetables and diseased plants
- Don’t touch garden plants after smoking!
Decide when to intervene
- One pest is not a problem
- Target specific harmfuls only, not all insects
- * Blast of water (aphids)
- * Collars at base for cutworms
- * Hand pick and squish bugs (borers, slugs)
- * Crushed egg shells (slugs)
- * Boards on ground (slugs)
- * Sluggo (non-organic), diatomeceous earth (slugs)
- * Row covers and netting (moths/borers)
- * Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) (caterpillars)
- * Insecticidal soap (mites)
- * Pepper sprays (critters)
Pesticides: Used to kill or control pests or reduce damage
- Match pesticide with pest!
- Follow the label. . . it’s the LAW
- Timing of use—read label for correct stage (insects)
- Amount—too much is not a good thing
- Mix small amounts—use it up!
Rules for Sabathani
- Herbicides (weed killers)--Roundup
- Insecticides (bug killers)--Ortho
- Fertilizers—Scott Miracle Gro, etc.
Attract natural predators
- Beneficial insects—lady bugs, praying mantis
- Frogs, toads and lizards, oh my!
If it’s not one thing. . .
- Big, tough and hungry. . .
- Chipmunks: small and fast!
- Deer: not in the city, thank goodness!
- Don’t plant what they like!
And then there’s Mother Nature. . .
- . . . And Mother Nature rules!
- Late Spring frost (cold weather crops)
- Early Fall frost (pick and cover)
Keep a journal
Your garden. . .
What’s next? Digging in. . .
- [Insert instructions for next class which is demo in garden]
How to get help!
- May 24 – August 30 (not July 5)
- Call Terry: 612-596-2130 (for call back)
- MG Hotline: 612-596-2118 (for call back)
Thanks. . . Let’s play in the dirt!
Developed by Hennepin County Master Gardeners. All rights reserved .