Garden Maintenance Rev


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  • PAGE 1 – change photo Essentially, we decided not to change our curriculum much. I did add slide #6 to define “organic” more fully. We did this verbally, but it’s now in a slide, too. However, I’m not sure it’s where it should be if someone else does the presentation. One of the comments--Move watering and weeding slides on page 18-19 from “Intro to Urban Vegetable gardening.”—is not one I can do. I don’t have the slides. If you think they should be moved, please go ahead. I thought our slides were okay, but you’re a better judge overall. We’ll stick with the shorter discussion of pests using the IPM concepts rather than use the detail of the Intro to UV gardening. Mollie will develop a stand-alone “how to read your soil test results” which can be used with any of the curriculum units depending on when the soil tests come in. We thought that would be better than trying to build it into one of the curriculums and then have a problem with timing. I assume you’ll change the backgrounds and fonts to make them consistent across the units, so I didn’t mess with the “gray tone” concept. SOME PHOTOS SHOULD BE PLACED (tjs)
  • Garden Maintenance Rev

    1. 1. GARDEN MAINTENANCE My Garden Is All Planted. Now What?
    2. 2. Watering <ul><li>Garden near a water source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faucet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rain barrel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soaker hose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinklers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watering can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aqua cones, jugs, pails </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Water. . . <ul><li>Deeply </li></ul><ul><li>In the morning </li></ul><ul><li>The soil not the plant leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Gently to protect seeds </li></ul><ul><li>New plants until established </li></ul>
    4. 4. Water deeply. . . <ul><li>1” per week (if no rain) </li></ul><ul><li>Once per week. . . </li></ul><ul><li>deeply, not daily </li></ul>
    5. 5. Fertilizer. . . Adds essential nutrients to the soil <ul><li>Only if soil test indicates </li></ul><ul><li>Before planting, between rows or around individual plants </li></ul>
    6. 6. Most Community Gardens . . . <ul><li>. . . are organic. </li></ul><ul><li>Sabathani is organic </li></ul><ul><li>Find out YOUR community garden rules </li></ul>
    7. 7. What does “organic” mean? <ul><li>Not using synthetic commercial chemicals in your garden (such as fertilizer, pesticides, fungicides or herbicides). </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Attract and maintain beneficial insects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your plants to fit your garden environment & climate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use organic materials (compost) to amend the soil. </li></ul></ul>Organic
    9. 9. Organic fertilizer: Blood Meal Fish Emulsion Composted Manure
    10. 10. Non organic <ul><li>Commercial chemicals such as </li></ul><ul><li>Miracle Grow </li></ul>
    11. 11. Thin <ul><li>Veggies need room to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Crowded veggies make no veggies at all </li></ul><ul><li>Correct spacing on seed packet </li></ul><ul><li>Grit your teeth and pull </li></ul><ul><li>Seedlings can be transplanted (lettuce) or eaten (beet tops + roots) </li></ul>
    12. 14. Exception to thinning <ul><li>4X4 planting—spacing to be </li></ul><ul><li>discussed at garden demo </li></ul>
    13. 15. Keeping it tidy. . .
    14. 16. Mulch. . . <ul><ul><li>Mid-June around growing plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate weeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep soil cool and moist </li></ul></ul>
    15. 17. Mulch types <ul><ul><li>Dried leaves & grass clippings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seedless straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost or composted manure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shredded newspaper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric or plastic </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Weed <ul><li>Weeds use up soil nutrients and water </li></ul><ul><li>Pull before they’re too big, but big enough to get hold of </li></ul><ul><li>Weed between rows or in rows </li></ul><ul><li>Anything you didn’t plant is a “weed” </li></ul>
    17. 19. Also remove. . . <ul><li>Over ripe fruit (e.g., 2’ zucchini!) </li></ul><ul><li>Plants that “bolt” </li></ul>
    18. 20. Spotting trouble <ul><li>Walk it daily </li></ul><ul><li>Pick off bugs under leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Remove leaves with powdery mildew or wilt/blight </li></ul><ul><li>Remove diseased plants </li></ul><ul><li>Detect other problems early </li></ul>
    19. 21. Pinch <ul><li>Herbs: Pinch new growth to encourage branching and fullness </li></ul><ul><li>Pinch before it flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Cut back the flowers if </li></ul><ul><li>it does flower </li></ul>
    20. 22. Stake <ul><li>We’ll demonstrate </li></ul>
    21. 23. Harvest & Enjoy <ul><li>Pick when ripe/ready </li></ul>
    22. 24. Fall Clean-up Counts <ul><li>Pick up fallen fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Compost healthy plant materials (city) </li></ul><ul><li>Pull and trash diseased plants </li></ul><ul><li>Leave a few tomatoes to seed </li></ul>
    23. 25. Prepare for next year! <ul><li>Save seeds (cool, dry indoors) </li></ul><ul><li>Plant 2 nd crop extensions (lettuce, spinach, radishes) </li></ul><ul><li>Turn under mulch and add compost </li></ul><ul><li>Plant ground cover </li></ul>
    24. 26. Help. . . I have bugs! <ul><li>Think. . . </li></ul><ul><li>IPM </li></ul><ul><li>(Integrated Pest Management) </li></ul>
    25. 27. Get to know your garden <ul><li>Know beneficials: lady bugs, praying mantis, bees </li></ul><ul><li>Know harmfuls: cut worms, squash borers, cabbage loopers, slugs, mildew, blight </li></ul>
    26. 28. Identify problems <ul><li>Leaf damage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holes—chewing insects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilt—fungus/virus/bacterial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discoloration--nutrients </li></ul></ul>
    27. 29. Dealing with Disease <ul><li>Prevention is best </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose disease resistant plants/seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy healthy plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save seed packets and labels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep clean: remove fallen leaves, vegetables and diseased plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulch at base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t touch garden plants after smoking! </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. Decide when to intervene <ul><li>Don’t panic </li></ul><ul><li>One pest is not a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Target specific harmfuls only, not all insects </li></ul>
    29. 31. Pest Busters <ul><li>* Blast of water (aphids) </li></ul><ul><li>* Collars at base for cutworms </li></ul><ul><li>* Hand pick and squish bugs (borers, slugs) </li></ul><ul><li>* Crushed egg shells (slugs) </li></ul><ul><li>* Boards on ground (slugs) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sluggo (non-organic), diatomeceous earth (slugs) </li></ul><ul><li>* Row covers and netting (moths/borers) </li></ul><ul><li>* Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) (caterpillars) </li></ul><ul><li>* Insecticidal soap (mites) </li></ul><ul><li>* Pepper sprays (critters) </li></ul>
    30. 32. Pesticides: Used to kill or control pests or reduce damage <ul><li>Insecticide: for insects </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicide: for weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Fungicide: for fungus </li></ul>
    31. 33. Pesticide use: <ul><li>Match pesticide with pest! </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the label. . . it’s the LAW </li></ul><ul><li>Timing of use—read label for correct stage (insects) </li></ul><ul><li>Amount—too much is not a good thing </li></ul><ul><li>Buy small amounts </li></ul><ul><li>Mix small amounts—use it up! </li></ul>
    32. 34. Rules for Sabathani <ul><li>Organic garden </li></ul><ul><li>No chemical. . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicides (weed killers)--Roundup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecticides (bug killers)--Ortho </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizers—Scott Miracle Gro, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More later. . . </li></ul></ul>
    33. 35. Attract natural predators <ul><li>Welcome birds </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial insects—lady bugs, praying mantis </li></ul><ul><li>Frogs, toads and lizards, oh my! </li></ul>
    34. 36. If it’s not one thing. . . <ul><li>it’s another! </li></ul>
    35. 37. Critters
    36. 38. <ul><li>Wascally wabbits! </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbit fence </li></ul><ul><li>Pinwheels </li></ul><ul><li>Repellent sprays </li></ul><ul><li>Cats! </li></ul>
    37. 39. Raccoons <ul><li>Big, tough and hungry. . . </li></ul><ul><li>omit habitat </li></ul>
    38. 40. Other critters <ul><li>Squirrels: impossible </li></ul><ul><li>Chipmunks: small and fast! </li></ul><ul><li>Deer: not in the city, thank goodness! </li></ul><ul><li>Plant extra and share! </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t plant what they like! </li></ul>
    39. 41. And then there’s Mother Nature. . . <ul><li>. . . And Mother Nature rules! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Late Spring frost (cold weather crops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early Fall frost (pick and cover) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    40. 42. Keep a journal <ul><li>Make notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Date of planting/seeding </li></ul><ul><li>Date of harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Rain fall </li></ul><ul><li>Problems/pests </li></ul><ul><li>Garden layout </li></ul><ul><li>Failures/successes </li></ul>
    41. 43. Your garden. . .
    42. 48. What’s next? Digging in. . . <ul><li>[Insert instructions for next class which is demo in garden] </li></ul>
    43. 49. How to get help! <ul><li>MG’s here every Sat. </li></ul><ul><li>May 24 – August 30 (not July 5) </li></ul><ul><li>9 - noon </li></ul><ul><li>Call Terry: 612-596-2130 (for call back) </li></ul><ul><li>MG Hotline: 612-596-2118 (for call back) </li></ul>
    44. 50. Thanks. . . Let’s play in the dirt!
    45. 51. Developed by Hennepin County Master Gardeners. All rights reserved .