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FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society
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FOSS: Technologies Communities And Society

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Ahmed Mekkawy on FOSS: Technologies, Communities, …

Ahmed Mekkawy on FOSS: Technologies, Communities,
and the Society

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  • 1. Free Open Source Software Technologies, Communities, and the Society
  • 2. About me <ul><li>Name: Ahmed Mekkawy AKA linuxawy </li></ul><ul><li>From: Alexandria, Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: http://linuxawy.org </li></ul><ul><li>Work: Solutions (SysAdmins) Team Leader in eSpace Technologies ( http://www.espace.com.eg ). </li></ul><ul><li>Activities: Egypt GNU/Linux Users Group (EGLUG)‏ </li></ul>
  • 3. FOSS in a nutshell <ul><li>Free Software was first made to get rid of companies monopoly, and to keep software free. </li></ul><ul><li>GNU and Richard Stallman (RMS)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Linux and Linus Trovalds. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software Vs. Open Source. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Speech Vs. Free Beer. </li></ul><ul><li>FOSS doesn&apos;t have to be publicly released. Can be handed only to the customer. </li></ul>
  • 4. FOSS &amp; Community: Learning &amp; Knowledge <ul><li>Freedom of learning is one of the main aspects in FOSS. </li></ul><ul><li>FOSS gives perfect chance for learning and mangling with the community </li></ul><ul><li>It should be heavily adopted by the academia (like Berkley and MIT). </li></ul><ul><li>The initiative made by FOSS resulted creation of other entities such as wikipedia, and even creating the term &apos;open culture&apos;. </li></ul>
  • 5. FOSS &amp; Community: Philosophy, Freedom, &amp; Society <ul><li>De-centralized knowledge is a must in FOSS. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Freedoms. </li></ul><ul><li>The know-how </li></ul><ul><li>The Idea of creating a community work based mainly on contributions that breaks the monopoly of companies/entities. </li></ul><ul><li>Every personnel can be productive, not only get some new ideas, but also implementing them and creating ready to use product. </li></ul>
  • 6. FOSS &amp; Community: Development Methodologies <ul><li>Distributed Development. </li></ul><ul><li>Development team is not static, adding and removing developers should be an easy thing to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs much less, cause contributions do save your time. </li></ul><ul><li>Results in a more rigid software due to excessive testing and feedbacks. </li></ul>
  • 7. Arab world &amp; FOSS: Technology Adoption <ul><li>Technology Adoption is increasing in the Arab world. Mainly due to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Technologies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Cost. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOSS activists &amp; Techies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to push FOSS adoption more in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Users.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Techies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Arab world &amp; FOSS: Technical Problems <ul><li>Low contribution from the Arab world resulted some technical problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic support in lots of software. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic translations: missing or not satisfactory in lots of software packages. </li></ul><ul><li>The weight of arabic community in the FOSS community is far less than it should/can be. </li></ul>
  • 9. Arabic FOSS Communities: Current Situation <ul><li>Lots of lugs exist, but how much is really active? </li></ul><ul><li>linuxac.org =&gt; very active, but adopting a strict arabic-only policy which makes most of the community is somehow isolated of the foreign lugs, which breaks the idea of a world-wide community. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabeyes: itools, wordlist, translations, ... etc </li></ul>
  • 10. Arabic FOSS Communities: Problems <ul><li>The idea of contribution itself isn&apos;t spread in the Arab world. </li></ul><ul><li>Relation between community and profitable companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in creating/organizing a community based on contributions. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers Continuity Problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an crossing borders community may have problems with some governments (even local communities?)‏ </li></ul>
  • 11. Arabic FOSS Communities: Collaboration <ul><li>Creating an entity that holds all arabic communities together. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical events that gather activist techies. </li></ul><ul><li>Business between companies that adopt FOSS. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Channels between arabic communities &amp; entities. </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion?? </li></ul>

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