Formation of a  post-colonial censorship regime - On the control of indecent articles in the Internet
Intro: Sexy Photo Gate <ul><li>Who's that girl? (1-08) </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures stolen from Edison Chen's computer </li>...
Contesting for freedom of speech: a recent history <ul><li>Colonial Era: </li></ul><ul><li>- Public order ordinance – free...
Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles: a colonial native movement <ul><ul><li>A local civic movement (driven by local e...
Control of Indecent and Obscene Articles – Ordinance in brief <ul><li>Publish or possess for publishing obscene articles: ...
Hyperlink Test Case <ul><li>- April 2007: 5 img src sexphoto hyperlinks to local adult site – admited without defending  <...
Problems with the Ordinance <ul><li>definition: e.g. distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>arbitrary and selective prosecution: ...
Formation of a new regime <ul><li>“ apolitical” and civic support back to the 70s. </li></ul><ul><li>formation of neo-cons...
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Formation of a post-colonial censorship regime

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Oiwan Lam on the control of indecent articles in the Internet

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Formation of a post-colonial censorship regime

  1. 1. Formation of a post-colonial censorship regime - On the control of indecent articles in the Internet
  2. 2. Intro: Sexy Photo Gate <ul><li>Who's that girl? (1-08) </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures stolen from Edison Chen's computer </li></ul><ul><li>A netizen detained for 3weeks without bail under obscene article ordinance. </li></ul><ul><li>Police abuse of power </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contesting for freedom of speech: a recent history <ul><li>Colonial Era: </li></ul><ul><li>- Public order ordinance – freedom of assembly </li></ul><ul><li>- Association ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Both ordinances amended in 1995 and 1992 with the passing of bill of rights in 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1997: </li></ul><ul><li>1997 restoration of 92 and 95 amendment </li></ul><ul><li>2003 Article 23 – anti-sedition law (failed) </li></ul><ul><li>2006-7 internet control: </li></ul><ul><li>Didiney, 14K, Obscene article ordinance – a depoliticizing twist. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles: a colonial native movement <ul><ul><li>A local civic movement (driven by local elites): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1975 Objectionable publication ordinance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1987: The control of Obscene and Indecent Articles Ordinance passed based on NZ 1963. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>99-00: civic pressure for more control, complaint system set. conservative civic groups join in and become adjudicators in the tribunal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007: control enters internet (via complain workshop), selective prosecution, abuse of power. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Control of Indecent and Obscene Articles – Ordinance in brief <ul><li>Publish or possess for publishing obscene articles: a fine of HK$ 1 million and 3 yrs imprisonment. </li></ul><ul><li>publish or display of indecent articles to juvenile: a fine of HK$ 400,000 and 12 months for first conviction and HK$ 800,000 and 12 months for subsequent conviction. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hyperlink Test Case <ul><li>- April 2007: 5 img src sexphoto hyperlinks to local adult site – admited without defending </li></ul><ul><li>- Civic disobedient act : hyperlinking flickr photo at inmediahk.net and others, e.g complain bible action </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems with the Ordinance <ul><li>definition: e.g. distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>arbitrary and selective prosecution: abusive </li></ul><ul><li>manipulation from the TELA </li></ul><ul><li>procedural justice </li></ul><ul><li>outdated: traditional media to new media – corporate to individual </li></ul><ul><li>local and global </li></ul>
  8. 8. Formation of a new regime <ul><li>“ apolitical” and civic support back to the 70s. </li></ul><ul><li>formation of neo-conservative clan: appointed government + conservative political / religious force + arbitrary ordinance and colonial police force. </li></ul><ul><li>smuggling power control over the Internet – speech area – selective prosecution and silencing effect </li></ul><ul><li>eroding our freedom of speech culture: spoofing , vulgar language in contrast to colonial tolerance of non-official Cantonese / natve. </li></ul>

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