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Self Censorship in media Role of citizen journalists


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Rezwan on Self Censorship in media Role of citizen journalists in Bangladesh

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Self Censorship in media Role of citizen journalists

  1. 1. Self Censorship in media Role of citizen journalists
  2. 2. <ul><li>State of Emergency since January 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Military backed interim government </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of Government punishable by law </li></ul><ul><li>Military intelligence influencing the press </li></ul><ul><li>Self censorship imposed by the media </li></ul>The Bangladesh Scenario
  3. 3. The threats <ul><li>Press under emergency Rule </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Tasneem khalil </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 4. The threats <ul><li>Threat of Internet restrictions in Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The authorities issued notice to ISPs to: </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide a list of all their subscribers with name, address and connection details. </li></ul><ul><li>Share the admin password of internet gateway servers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Why it occurs? </li></ul><ul><li>Out of fear of repression & sanction </li></ul><ul><li>To conform to the expectations of the market </li></ul><ul><li>influence by corporate owners and advertisers in decisions on which stories to cover </li></ul><ul><li>Not taking any risks, think about livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>newsworthy stories are avoided because they are too boring or complicated </li></ul>Self Censorship
  6. 6. <ul><li>What are the consequences? </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to report the truth </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to protect the whistleblowers </li></ul><ul><li>Helping authoritarians agenda in absence of check and balance </li></ul><ul><li>Blatant submission to radicals </li></ul><ul><li>Making press ineffective </li></ul>Self Censorship Image: David Oslar
  7. 7. The role of citizen media <ul><li>Blogs are growing in Bangladesh rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Bloggers defy the threats of emergency act. </li></ul><ul><li>Bloggers providing information and analysis the mainstream media would normally avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Blogger-journalists publishing investigative reports in their blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the bloggers are blogging in Bangla </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Guardian, January 12, 2007 The role of citizen media
  9. 9. <ul><li>The condemned cartoonist Arifur Rahman, who was charged by the government for hurting religious sentiments because of a harmless cartoon (which quoted prophet Muhammad) published in a a popular Bangla Daily’s supplement. He was also indicted with a sedition charge and was recently freed by court from a six month long detention. </li></ul>The role of citizen media
  10. 10. <ul><li>Very conservative society </li></ul><ul><li>People have no sympathy for homosexuals </li></ul><ul><li>After emergency rule gay meets stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet forums are helping Bangladeshi gay communities to be organized and maintain contacts. </li></ul>Himal South Asian Magazine, March 2008 Breaking Taboos
  11. 11. <ul><li>Helping bloggers </li></ul><ul><li>To Beat internet tapping </li></ul><ul><li>To blog Anonymously </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid local ISP’s email service and use secure mails like Gmail/hotmail </li></ul><ul><li>Security when using public computers </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Way ahead </li></ul><ul><li>More outreach efforts to grow more citizen journalists from grassroots </li></ul><ul><li>Keep vigil and protest any attempt to clamp down internet </li></ul><ul><li>Publish guides in Bangla to spread knowledge about security, curbing filters and educate how to blog anonymously </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>your views? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul>