AE Rio 2011 - Cezar Taurion Arquitetura de infra-estrutura Cloud


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Palestra feita no Congresso AE Rio 2011 sobre o claud computing na arquitetura de infraestrutura tecnológica

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  • {TRANSCRIPT} Hello and welcome to this training module for the new service product Infrastructure Strategy and Planning for Cloud Computing. This module is targeted at our sales force specifically the opportunity owners who have responsibility to identify and qualify opportunities for this new service product.
  • Virtualization – doing more with less Standardization – higher quality services Automation – breakthrough agility & reduced risk As processes become more interrelated and complex, IT will be called on to solve business problems in a more streamlined and cost effective manner. IBM, with its business partners, is helping our customers achieve key goals that will enable their IT to be an enabler of innovation and a catalyst for change rather than a roadblock and inhibitor as it may be today. Doing more with less by reducing capital expenditures and operational expense Reducing risk by ensuring the right levels of security and resiliency Improving the quality of services and lower cost and delivering new services to fuel business growth And enabling new levels of agility to deliver these new services quickly and sieze new opportunities quickly Today we will talk about a model of computing that helps addresses these challenges – cloud computing.
  • Embrace the potential for Innovative thinking A lot of people are very set in their ways of thinking because of their heritage in delivering enterprise systems. When faced with clouds they simply don't have the ability to think in this new way and as a result are frequently missing the point. Now, there is a lot that the cloud thinkers can learn from the enterprise ones as well as vice versa. The trouble is that if you expect / need a cloud to have all of the attributes of a mission-critical enterprise system then it doesn't look very cloudy any more. Ditto, if you want an enterprise system to behave as well as some of the big clouds out there are things that you will have to give up. As always from our perspective, it needs to be a balancing act between what is really required to deliver the service and what we think the client wants but doesn't actually need. A lot of people like clouds because they (from a users perspective) are so much simpler than the enterprise systems they deal with on a daily basis. What's under the covers isn't necessarily any simpler - indeed it is likely a lot more complex - but what they perceive is. In thinking about what enterprise architects need to do here, I think that simplification forms a big part of it. EA needs to be more focussed on developing "procurement strategies" in order to support the need for better skills and understanding when evaluating and procuring Cloud Services. EA frameworks are weak in the area of procurement, or commercial realisation of capabilities.
  • If executed well EA provides "Change Management" at a strategic level also termed Enterprise Planning. Any significant step change (towards Cloud) will require more understanding and management than day-to-day or steady state operations. The risks of failure with these step changes are higher. So, EA is a natural for managing strategic change.
  • (TRANSCRIPT) IBM also provides key targeted services to help you plan for a cloud deployment, design a cloud deployment, secure and ensure resiliency of the solution, and help you build, deliver, manage or maintain your cloud solution. With IBM’s resources at your disposal you have a partner that can provide you an assurance of delivery success and the ability meet and even beat your business case milestones.
  • AE Rio 2011 - Cezar Taurion Arquitetura de infra-estrutura Cloud

    1. 1. Plataformas de Aplicação para Cloud Computing Cezar Taurion Gerente de Novas Tecnologias/Technical Evangelist [email_address] © Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2011. All rights reserved.
    2. 2. Everyone is talking about the cloud...
    3. 3. The significance of Cloud Computing <ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing changes IT services delivery in the same way that the ATM changed banking and the internet changed commerce </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Seismic Shifts: What the Industrial Revolution has to do with the Evolution of Modern IT Industrial Revolution – no single event , but an evolution of events and inventions over many decades Standardized processes in product manufacturing brought about significant changes in labour Cloud is the “Spinning Jenny” or “Watt’s Steam Engine” of its time: an essential part to the history of IT, but only a part of a much wider narrative How this narrative will play out over the next decade really is anyone’s guess There will be winners and losers In just the last decade, we’ve moved from static websites and slow internet modem dial-up to $$$Bn e-commerce, pervasive mobile and “tweeting” the world! In the next decade , we may have witnessed a dramatic transformation in the way IT is bought / consumed, to a highly flexible, pay-as-you-go, standardised model. All bets are off !
    5. 5. IT must address these Business Challenges Reducing risk Ensure the right levels of security and resiliency across all business data and processes Breakthrough agility Increase ability to quickly deliver new services to capitalize on opportunities while containing costs and managing risk Higher quality services Improve quality of services and deliver new services that help the business grow and reduce costs Doing more with less Reduce capital expenditures and operational expenses
    6. 6. Gartner 2010 CIO review
    7. 7. A cloud computing primer – your 60 second guide Start Finish A new model of IT delivery and consumption… … inspired by internet services in the consumer space <ul><li>Key ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>PAYG </li></ul><ul><li>on-demand self-service </li></ul>Analogies - electricity generation and The Model-T Ford Evolutionary, not revolutionary – time sharing, hosting, ASP Variants – public, private, hybrid, community, G-cloud add to confusion Get to know the Cloud stack Near-term adoption overstated, long-term impact underestimated – all bets are off ! A “confluence of technologies” – virtualization, SOA, multi-tennancy ?
    8. 8. Cloud Computing Definition <ul><li>Cloud computing is a new consumption and delivery model inspired by consumer internet services and driven by client needs </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud computing has 5 key characteristics : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Always on” network access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-demand self-service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location independent resource pooling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid elasticity – grow & shrink easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible pricing models </li></ul></ul>… to free your budget for new investments and speed deployment of new capabilities. Business Services IT Services Virtualization Service Automation Usage Tracking Web 2.0 End User Focused Virtualization Standardization Automation Self Service Increasing flexibility Reduced costs Increasing quality
    9. 9. Cloud Service Types Source: “Government in the Cloud” Gartner Webinar, Sept. 8, 2010
    10. 10. A range of deployment options Private Public Hybrid IT capabilities are provided “as a service,” over an intranet, within the enterprise and behind the firewall Internal and external service delivery methods are integrated IT activities / functions are provided “as a service,” over the Internet Enterprise data center Managed private cloud Third-party operated Client owned Mission critical Packaged applications High compliancy Internal network Enterprise data center Private cloud Private On client premises Client runs/ manages Public cloud services Users B Shared resources Elastic scaling Pay as you go Public Internet A Member cloud services A Enterprise B Mix of shared and dedicated resources Shared facility and staff Virtual private network (VPN) access Subscription or membership based Hosted private cloud Enterprise Third-party owned and operated Standardization Centralization Security Internal network
    11. 11. Infrastructure, Labor, and Re-Engineering IT Business and Delivery Processes Drive Cloud Economics Virtualization of Hardware Standardization of Workloads Utilization of Infrastructure Automation of Management Virtualized environments only get benefits of scale if they are highly utilized Drives lower capital requirements More complexity = less automation possible = people needed Take repeatable tasks and automate Labor Leverage Infrastructure Leverage Self Service Clients who can “serve themselves” require less support and get services
    12. 12. The value of Cloud Computing is derived from lower capital investment, lower cost of service and rapid provisioning Faster access to the latest technology and powerful computing Standardization of applications, infrastructure and service processes Lower IT Operating and Capital Costs Capex to Opex Removing IT complexity from end users Fine grained IT services with very rapid provisioning Cloud Game Changing Value Drivers #1 Value Driver
    13. 13. IT benefits from Cloud Computing are real VIRTUALIZATION AUTOMATION STANDARDIZATION Legacy environments Cloud-enabled enterprise Cloud accelerates business value across a wide variety of domains Cloud attributes From Server/storage virtualization 10–20% Utilization of infrastructure 10–20% Self-service None Automated provisioning Week - Months Change and release management Months Service catalog ordering Months Metering/billing Fixed cost model Payback period for new services Years To 70–80% 70–80% Unlimited Hours / Minutes Hours / Minutes Days / hours Granular Months
    14. 14. IBM’s Experience with Conversion to Cloud Computing New Development Software Costs Power Costs Labor Costs (Operations and Maintenance) Hardware Costs (annualized) Liberated funding for new development, trans- formation investment or direct saving Deployment (1-time) Software Costs Power Costs (88.8%) Labor Costs ( - 80.7%) Hardware Costs ( - 88.7%) Note: 3-Year Depreciation Period with 10% Discount Rate Without Cloud With Cloud 100% Current IT Spend Strategic Change Capacity Hardware, labor & power savings re-duced annual cost of Operation by 83.8% Case Study Results Annual savings: $3.3M (84%) $3.9M to $0.6M
    15. 15. There are six typical steps to getting started with Cloud Analyze Workloads Determine Delivery Models Assess Risks Determine ROI Understand Strategic Direction Build Roadmaps Analyze Infrastructure Gaps E-Mail, Collaboration Software Development Test and Pre-Production Data Intensive Processing Database ERP Enterprise Private Public Hybrid Trad IT 1 2 3 4 5 6
    16. 16. The Role of Enterprise Architecture
    17. 17. Enterprise Architecture has a key role in guiding successful, strategic adoption of Cloud Computing <ul><li>Understanding the current business and IT architecture relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good understanding of data, process and services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding what is working well and what is not </li></ul><ul><li>Providing an aspirational view and roadmap based on business objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Starting with the business concern rather than technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring integrity through information assurance, IT performance, reliability, security and compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Total Cost of Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Managing IT risk </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritise organisational governance and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace the potential of innovative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Create a strategy for consumption and management of cloud services </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Cloud as a new option for sourcing services which uses an SOA based architecture pattern. Match problem to the architecture pattern: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What workloads work well; what doesn’t? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understand what drives Cloud economies and how to realise them </li></ul><ul><li>Consider implications of IT as a commodity delivered by a commodity supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Become more closely involved in procurement strategies for sourcing and commercial risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Start to consider variability of IT workload – can we source peak workload externally? </li></ul><ul><li>Start to architect for Enduring Agility rather than specific end points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Overhaul, Infrastructure Virtualisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase business engagement to avoid rogue Cloud service selection </li></ul><ul><li>Evolve EA processes for Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Closer link to IT Service Management strategy </li></ul>What remains constant for EA? How should EA evolve?
    18. 18. The business objectives and benefits of potential Cloud solutions must be identified with both Business and IT managers Business Model Financial Model <ul><ul><li>Innovation for competitive advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic alignment and transformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More responsive to changing demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved organisational flexibility and agility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved growth & profitability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance, risk & compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency, visibility & control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced cost of service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimise CAPEX and OPEX </li></ul></ul>CEO <ul><ul><li>Flexible, adaptable, extendable systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced cost of ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User adoption & empowerment </li></ul></ul>IT Service Model Processes CFO CIO
    19. 19. Enterprise Architecture must understand what services add value and how they can be sourced to provide enduring business agility Balanced Objectives Business Strategy & Objectives Assurance (Performance, Security, Compliance, Commercial risk) Cloud Service Sourcing (Public or Private Cloud; Service Layer; availability & benefit) Cloud Service adoption will often be driven by cost efficiency EA Strategy is vital to balance cost saving vs. viability vs. business strategy Is the business becoming more agile? Avoiding future lock-in Is the service viable? Will it work? Does Service adoption make the business more agile?
    20. 20. The organisation must have a well formed understanding of its Architecture maturity and compatibility with Cloud architecture styles <ul><li>Architecture well define and layered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Architecture; Application Architecture; Data Architecture; Technology Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications and data are largely independent </li></ul><ul><li>Well defined interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Low level of security requirements agreed </li></ul><ul><li>Web as a target </li></ul><ul><li>Applications designed for horizontal scalability </li></ul><ul><li>New application requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Tightly coupled architecture: business, application, data </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability poorly defined and difficult to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Provider applications have proprietary interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of security required </li></ul><ul><li>High degree of transaction based applications </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Legacy’ solution architectures, few APIs </li></ul><ul><li>Large data volume updates </li></ul>Optimum fit for Cloud Challenging issues for Cloud Exploit based on availability of emerging Cloud technology and services (Public or Private); Help the business to innovate Exploit low risk technical options to reduce cost and gain experience; start to set out IT strategic transformation path
    21. 21. The Cloud strategy will determine the level of investment and route through phases of architecture development for differing workloads <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure virtualization to reduce cost </li></ul><ul><li>Hosting common services across large enterprises </li></ul>Examples: Investment in on-premise virtualized infrastructure for larger enterprises or groups Development of Automated Provisioning and Configuration Re-design of applications for dynamic hosting environment Examples: Test and Development facilities Limited Platform as a service adoption Examples: Committing to major Cloud based applications, e.g. Re-design of applications for dynamic hosting environment Cloud Business Analytics services Private Cloud Public Cloud Tactical Strategic
    22. 22. Business objectives and current architecture maturity will dictate entry points and adoption of Cloud approaches <ul><li>Selection of services requires careful analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Critical to consider interoperability, availability and security of data, performance, end of contract transition </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud services need active Technology Watch as market rapidly evolves </li></ul>Availability of viable services The market will rapidly evolve Public services can more fully exploit efficiencies of resource use variability, multi-tenancy and scale Private Cloud can provide benefits across a range internal users but requires fixed investment Public Cloud may have greater cost/benefit but may not be appropriate
    23. 23. The impact of change and areas of integration can be assessed by mapping the Cloud service requirements over the IT architecture Cloud consumer (client) point of view Example taken from IBM Intelligent Enterprise Architecture
    24. 24. Each phase of the Architecture Development Method should be augmented for Cloud Computing Assess Principles Business scenarios & Reqs Strategic vs Tactical decisions Potential solutions Interoperability strategy Data management approach Stakeholder agreements Cloud Reference Architecture Business Architecture reviews Security architecture Data security and assurance Data management Application architectures reviews TRM -Cloud building blocks Infrastructure virtualization Assess Cloud service availability Assess virtualization technology for Private Cloud Revise financial model Revise Charge-back models Review and revise acquisition and supplier management Address significant changes to responsibility in Service Management and IT/Business relationship management Increasing role for Acquisition Complex / Hybrid Cloud service integration governance Plan transfer or relocation of services: IaaS, PaaS, Saas, BPaaS Plan for changing roles in IT Operations Preliminary Create strategy for Cloud Assessment opportunities Engage with business – avoid rogue procurements Identify business and IT owners Develop and publish Cloud Policy Define/refine architectures Assess need for greater commercial acumen in EA Architecture Vision Business Architecture Information Systems Architecture Technology Architecture Migration Planning Implementation Governance EA Development & Maintenance Requirements Management Opportunities & Solutions
    25. 25. Enterprise Architecture must continue to provide its strategic role in a Cloud context <ul><li>Front-end decision support. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform decisions about the desirability of a move to a cloud environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What services should move to the cloud, and the appropriate deployment models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of existing business processes, services and resources through the lens of cloud characteristics and quality dimensions, such as elasticity, reliability, and security. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloud implementation planning support. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EA provides the current inventory of services and the roadmap for deployment – what can go Cloud?. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As needs emerge solution architects must be provided with a view of what has been deployed already and what is planned for future deployment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enterprise context. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide the plan for strategic Change Management at the Enterprise level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create, publish and widely distribute the policy on Cloud Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote sharing and reuse of services and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide an enterprise view to ensure cloud decisions are optimized at the enterprise level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure independent decisions on cloud-based point solutions are viewed in a broader context </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. IBM provides a wide range of services in support of cloud computing <ul><li>Virtualization Security Solutions from IBM Internet Security Systems </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Software Support Services—Enhanced Technical Support </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Managed Support Services—managed technical support </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Software Support Services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Hardware Maintenance Services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Information Protection Services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Strategy and Change Services for Cloud Providers </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Strategy and Change Services for Cloud Adoption </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Infrastructure Strategy and Design Services for Cloud Computing </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Resiliency Consulting Services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Data Center and Facilities Strategy Services—data center strategy and plan </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Networking Strategy and Optimization </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Application Development Services for Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Data Center Family™ solutions—data center design services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Testing Services for Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Security Services for Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Express managed email security and Express managed web security from IBM </li></ul>Deliver Plan Build
    27. 27. IBM Cloud Portfolio Server & Storage Systems System X with new ex5 technology Power Systems - POWER7 IBM zEnterprise System Scale-out NAS Storage Systems Workload Optimized Systems IBM Cloudburst Cloud Service Providers Platform (CSP2) Smart Analytics System <ul><li>Middleware </li></ul><ul><li>WebSphere App. Server Hypervisor Edition </li></ul><ul><li>WebSphere Cloudburst Appliance </li></ul><ul><li>CastIron Appliance </li></ul><ul><li>Service Management & Security </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Service Delivery Management </li></ul><ul><li>Tivoli Service Automation Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Server Security for VMWare </li></ul><ul><li>Development Tooling </li></ul><ul><li>Rational Software Delivery Services </li></ul><ul><li>Rational Asset Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Cognos Business Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Neteeza </li></ul>Infrastructure-as-a-Service Platform-as-a-Service Software-as-a-Service Business Process-as-a-Service <ul><li>LotusLive </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Smart Business offerings </li></ul>
    28. 28. Obrigado! [email_address] @ctaurion Facebook, Linkedin